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Warsaw - Urban Development
Transcript of Warsaw - Urban Development
Lots of modernisation projects are beeing arrange (f.e. second subway line)
This year Warsaw is one of the hosts of EURO 2012
FUTURE PLANS First fortified settlements in the area of today's Warsaw - Bródno (10th) and Jazdów (12/13th)
13th century - new settlement was established on the site of Vistula river a small fishing village called Warszowa
1413 - Warsaw becomes the capital of Masovia In the 19th century Warsaw began to grow rapidly, but unfortunately without proper supervision planning BEGINNINGS OF THE CITY THE CAPITAL BETWEEN THE WARS 1596 - after a fire at the royal residence in Krakow's Wawel Castel - King Zygmunt III Waza moved the royal court and its main offices do Warsaw Upon the extinction of the local ducal line, the duchy was reincorporated into the Polish Crown in 1526
view of Warsaw 1589 From 10th century the reagion of Masovia was rulled by the Dukes of Masovia
Warsaw Old Town 14th - 16th century
Warsaw surroundings are being developed by Jurydykas - Settlements right outside a royal city. They were independent from the municipal laws and rulers but instead remained under the jurisdiction (hence the name: from Latin iurisdictio - jurisdiction) of the ecclesiastic or secular lord who chartered, founded and owned it 1. Stare Miasto
2. Nowe Miasto
8. Kapitulna (Zadzikowska)
11. Tłumackie (Tłomackie)
Warsaw and Judydykas developed separately
Only two Routes to the Royal Castle were unified
Aleje Ujazdowskie-Nowy Swiat-Krakowskie Przedmiecie
BECOMING ONE CITY Due to The Constitution of 3rd May Jurydykas are beeing incorporated into Warsaw (1791) Warsaw royal residences. Beginning of 18th century Os Saska - The Saxon Axis is a line running from Vistula through the Presidential Palace, the Krakowskie Przedmiecie, Saxon Square, Saxon Palace, Saxon Garden, Lubomirski Palace to Plac Zelaznej Bramy The idea was first proposed by August II Sas, who intended to build a large Royal palace surrounded by a French-style garden
The plan was loosely based on the baroque design of the Versailles
Between 1713 and 1726 the king bought 28 various parcels located in the area and invited Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann and Johann Christoph Naumann to design the urban plan
Because of the financial difficulties the plan never come true in its entirety. Only the Saxon Garden and the Saxon Palace were constructed The length of the Axis is 1600 m (from Krakowskie Przedmiecie to s. Karola Boromeusz's Church ) Star shaped squares were ment to link Warsaw and the then royal suburban estate in Ujazdow with every important part of the city
The axis is 7 km long
Os Stanisławowska - Stanislaus Axis is an urban establishement proposed by King Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1780.
The author of the axis was probably Ephraim Szregerugust
The Axis was inspired by the French spatial systems
ZU - Zamek Ujazdowski; KP – Kanał Piaseczyski; 1 – pl. Na Rozdrou; 2 – pl. Zbawiciela; 3 – pl. Politechniki; 4 – pl. Trzech Krzyy; 5 – pl. Unii Lubelskiej; 6 – pl. Konstytucji; 7 – pl. Jazdy Polskiej
1916 suburbs (f.e. Zoliborz, Wola, Ochota, Mokotów, Grochów, Targówek, Bródno) were attached to Warsaw. Which was an urban architectonical and logistic challange Starzynski (mayor of Warsaw) asked Stanislaw Rozanski to establish an urban planning institutions. In 1935 he formed Wydział Planowania Miasta - the City Planning Department
inter alia the plan included:
activation of riversides
improvement of communication
developement of the city infrastructure
With respectance to it's own history the city was ment to be truly European and modern
Warsaw was at that time often called "Paris of the North' Warsaw is an important economic, business and cultural center Warsaw is the largest and fastest growing city in Poland
Warsaw has 1.71 million inhabitants. According to some sources 18 people move here every single day
Warsaw is becomming an atractive place for tourists from around the world PHOENIX CITY Destruction of the Polish capital was planned even before the beggining of World War II. On June 20, 1939 while Adolf Hitler was visiting an architectural bureau in Würzburg am Main, his attention was captured by a project of a future town – Neue deutsche Stadt Warschau.
According to the Pabst Plan, Warsaw was to be turned into a provincial city of 130,000 inhabitants
The plan was put into full motion after the Warsaw Uprising in 1944 Warsaw boundaries 1939/2005 By January 1945, about 85% of the buildings had been destroyed
Material losses were estimated at 10,455 buildings, 923 historical buildings (94%), 25 churches, 14 libraries including the National Library, 81 primary schools, 64 high schools, the University of Warsaw, the Warsaw University of Technology, and most of the city's historical monuments
In 1945 the Bureau of Capital’s Rebuilding was established
The architects working in the Bureau, blinded by the ideas of functionalism and supported by Soviets, decided that Warsaw had to be renewed in modern style
'The whole nation rebuilds its capital'
The Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra Hotel Europejski Marszalkowska street Al. Jerozolimskie St. Alexander's Church on Plac Trzech Krzyży