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The Boston Tea Party
Transcript of The Boston Tea Party
-EIC had a surplus of tea and company was failing
-Parliment enacted the Tea Act on May 10th, 1773 to reinforce authority
-All tea coming into Colonial ports would be taxed Colonists Take a Stand Spring of 1773
East India Company had too much tea
Parliament began the Tea Act on May 10, 1773
Tea would be taxed at any colonial ports
Agents assigned to New England cities to receive and sell tea Fall of 1773 colonists learn that the tea is coming
Protests begin and tea agents eliminated
Boston's tea agents are the "sons of liberty"
Richard Clarke's King Street shop stormed by protestors in November Tea becomes safeguarded
Ship named The Dartmouth arrives in Boston Harbor on Nov. 28th with 114 chests of tea
A meeting begins at Faneuil Hall and soon moves to Old South Meeting House
Demands that tea must be returned
25 men stand watch at Griffin's warf The Eleanor and the Beaver arrive at Griffin's warf on Dec 15th with tea
Authorities refuse to return tea to England
East India tea is protested by colonists at a meeting by not being landed, stored, sold, or consumed
After this decision, 30 to 60 men dressed as Indians run down to Griffin's Wharf and dump 342 chests of tea into the ocean Dumping of the tea is considered treason
Patriots rejoice and gain momentum, told to "keep up your courage"
New York and Philidelphia praise Boston's "Indians"
Citizens are urged to speak up against these actions
Tea is again destroyed in March and April Many urge the "good and loyal subjects to speak up" against Boston's actions e.g. Marshfield
Tea ship captains arrive in England in Feb and are asked to identify individuals
Individuals cannot be recognized, Boston as a whole is punished
Port of Boston closed until the EIC is reimbursed by Rebecca Worden and Alexa Choquette How it Began Revolutions are Sparked Ideas Form Destruction of the Tea Cities React Boston is Punished Bostonians, Keep Up Your Courage
The destruction of the tea is "but an attack upon property," as John Adams notes, but he worries that "another similar exertion of popular power may produce the destruction of lives." Patriot agitators anticipate the same possibility, but, eager to capitalize on the drama of the events of 16 December, they urge Bostonians not to shy away from a firm and courageous defense of their rights. Good and Loyal Subjects Speak Up
Throughout Massachusetts, towns convene meetings to record and communicate their citizens' sentiments about the destruction of the tea. Under the guidance of patriots like Samuel Adams, town committees of correspondence circulate news and opinions to their peers in other towns. Official town meetings are also called into session to instruct representatives how to voice the concerns of their fellow townsmen to the legislature (the General Assembly, the lower house of the General Court).
Article from pages 1-2 of The Massachusetts Gazette; and the Boston Post-Boy and Advertiser, Number 859, 31 January - 7 February 1774 Broadside
31.9 cm x 20.5 cm
[Boston?, 1773?] Significance
-Resistance against England makes lasting impression on America's pursuit of freedom
-State of rebellion continued even after Boston Tea Party
-Even though actual event was small- scale, it provided a feeling of mass revolt against a single enemy