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Night - The Power of Literary Devices
Transcript of Night - The Power of Literary Devices
By: Jacob Eckstein
Simile & Metaphor
Simile - a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.
Metaphor - a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Example of Simile
"Physically, he was as awkward as a clown." - page 3 of Night
Example of Foreshadowing
"I wanted to return to Sighet to describe to you my death so that you might ready yourselves while there is still time." - page 7 of Night
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point. The question, a rhetorical device, is posed not to elicit a specific answer, but rather to encourage the listener to consider a message or viewpoint.
The Importance of Literary Devices
Well. After having read this book, I felt like I had a pretty solid understanding of what happened. However, after doing this project using literary devices, I seem to find that I have a much better understanding of the book. This is probably because I had to skim through the entire book a second time to find key things that I had been requested to find. Literary devices can be important for a number of reasons besides helping you understand a novel better though. All of the literary devices I had to become familiar with would all help you understand certain things better. For example, similes and metaphors are two ways to compare two things, one using the key words "like" or "as" and the other not using "like" or "as". Without literary devices, a novel would be very boring and uninteresting and I actually don't think it would really be all that much of a story without literary devices. All in all, literary devices are what make up novels such as Night.
To give a suggestion of something that has not happened yet.
Example of Rhetorical Questioning
"'Over there. Do you see the chimney over there? Do you see it? And the flames, do you see them?' (Yes, we saw the flames.)" - page 30 & 31 of Night
The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
Example of Symbolism
"All I could hear was the violin, and it was as if Juliek's soul had become his bow. He was playing his lie. His whole being was gliding over the strings. His unfulfilled hopes. His charred past, his extinguished future." - page 95 of Night
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
Example of Irony
"Don't let yourself be overcome by sleep, Eliezer. It's dangerous to fall asleep in snow. One falls asleep forever. Come, my son, come...Get up."
"Don't worry son. Go to sleep. I'll watch over you." - pages 88 & 89 of Night
Visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.
Example of Imagery
"The camp looked as though it had been through an epidemic: empty and dead. Only a few "well-dressed" inmates were wandering between the blocks." - page 47 of Night
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
Example of Allusion
The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
"He sang, or rather he chanted, and the few snatches I caught here and there spoke of divine suffering, of the Shekhinah in Exile, where, according to Kabbalah, it awaits its redemption linked to that of man." - page 3 of Night
Example of Personification
"A hesitant light began to hover on the horizon." - page 87 of Night
The subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic.
Example of Theme
I believe that in the novel Night, by Elie Wiesel, that many, many themes can be found. To say that one of them us correct above others would be incorrect in itself. I think that one of the most important themes from this novel and even in life would be to not lose who you are. Identity is what makes us who we are and it appears as if these concentration camps removed the identities of many Jewish people. Their identities were removed through means of giving them numbers in place of names. They made it seem bad to be Jewish and because of harsh conditions, some Jewish requirements could not be met for it would interfere with the survival of those encamped at such places. For example, many Jews in concentration camps had a hard time deciding whether or not to participate in Yom Kippur because they didn't know if they should fast or not, considering they were already being starved.