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MUSCULAR ANALYSIS OF A ROUNDHOUSE KICK

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by

Christina Lemieux

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of MUSCULAR ANALYSIS OF A ROUNDHOUSE KICK

End
Start
Phase 1 -Stance
HIP JOINT
Striking (back) leg
-Extension (frontal axis)
-Abduction (sagittal axis
-Closed Chain

Pivoting (front) leg
-Flexion (frontal axis)
-Abduction (sagittal axis)
-Closed Chain

Muscles Used - Phase 1 - Stance
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-> Extension -Hamstrings (isometric)
-> Abduction -Gluteus medius, gluteus minimus

Pivoting leg
-> Flexion - Rectus Femoris, iliopsoas, tensor fascia latae (isometric)
-> Abduction - Gluteus medius and minimus
Phase 2 - Preparatory
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-Extension (frontal axis)
-Internal Rotation (vertical axis)
-Abduction (sagittal axis)

Pivoting leg
-Flexion (frontal axis)
-External Rotation (vertical axis)
-Abduction (sagittal axis)

Movement -Phase 3 pt 1 - flight
Muscles Used - Phase 2 - Preparatory
MUSCULAR ANALYSIS OF A ROUNDHOUSE KICK
By Christina Lemieux
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-Flexion (frontal axis)
Closed Chain

Pivoting leg
-Flexion (frontal axis)
-Closed chain
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-Plantarflexion (frontal axis)
Closed Chain

Pivoting leg
-Flexion (frontal axis)
-Closed chain
KNEE
Striking leg
-> Flexion - Quadriceps (main), hamstrings (stabilize)

Pivoting Leg
-> Flexion - Quadriceps (main), hamstrings (stabilize)

ANKLE
Striking leg
-> Plantarflexion -Gastrocnemius (main), soleus (stabilize)

Pivoting leg
-> Gastrocnemius (main), soleus (stabilize)

KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-Flexion (frontal axis)

Pivoting Leg
-External rotation (vertical axis)
-Flexion to extension (frontal axis)

ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-Plantarflexion (frontal axis)

Pivoting leg
-Plantar flexion (frontal axis)

HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-Flexion (frontal axis)
-Abduction (sagittal axis)
-Internal rotation (vertical axis)
-Open chain

Pivoting leg
-Internal rotation (vertical axis)
-Closed chain
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Flexion – Hamstrings

Pivoting leg
-> Flexion to extension – quadriceps
-> Outwards Rotation – Biceps femoris

ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Plantarflexion – Gastrocnemius, soleus

Pivoting leg
-> Plantarflexion – Gastrocnemius, soleus

Muscles Used Phase 2 - Preparatory
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-> Extension - hamstrings
-> Internal rotation – gluteus minimus, gluteus maximus
-> Abduction – Gluteus maximus, medius and minimus

Pivoting leg
-> External Rotation – Biceps femoris, outwards rotators, gluteus maximus, miedius and minimus
-> Flexion – Rectus femoris, tensor fascia latae, sartorius, iliopsoas, pectineus


KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-Extension (frontal axis)
-Open chain

Pivoting leg
-Extension (frontal axis)
-Internal rotation (vertical axis)
-Closed chain
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-Plantarflexion (frontal axis)
-Open chain

Pivoting leg
-Plantarflexion (frontal axis)
-Closed chain
Muscles Used -Phase 3 pt 1 - Movement/Flight
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-> Flexion - Rectus femorus, Sartorius, illiopsoas
-> Abduction - Gluteus maximus, medius, minimus, rectus femoris, sartorius
-> Internal rotation - Gluteus maximus, minimus

Pivoting leg
-> Internal rotation - Gluteus medius, minimus
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Extension - Quadriceps

Pivoting leg
-> Extension - quadriceps
-> Internal rotation - semitendonosus, semimembranosus, popliteus
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Plantarflexion - Gastrocnemius, soleus

Pivoting leg
-> plantarflexion - gastrocnemius, soleus
Movement - Phase 3 pt 2 - Movement/Contact
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-open chain
-Internal rotation (vertical axis)
Abduction (sagittal axis)

Pivoting leg
-closed chain
-External rotation (vertical axis)
-Abducting (sagittal axis)
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-open chain
-Extension (vertical axis)
- Flexion (vertical axis)

Pivoting leg
-closed chain
-flexion (vertical axis)
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-open chain
-plantarflexion (vertical axis)

Pivoting leg
-closed chain
-plantarflexion (vertical axis)
Muscles Used in Phase 3 pt 2 - Contact
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-> Internal rotation - Gluteus minimus and medius
-> Abduction - Rectus femoris, gluteus minimus, medius, maximus, satorious, tensor fascia latae (concentric)

Pivoting leg
-> External rotation - Biceps femoris, gluteus maximus,, mediius, minimus, sartorius, illiopsoas, outward rotators (concentric)
-> Abduction - Gluteus minimus and medius (concentric)
Muscles Used in Phase 3 pt 2 - Contact
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Extension - Quadriceps (concentric)
-> Flexion - Hamstrings (concentric)

Pivoting leg
-> Flexion - Quadriceps (eccentric)
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Plantarflexion - Gastrocnemius, Soleus
(concentric)

Pivoting leg
-> Planterflexion - Gastrocnemius, Soleus (concentric)
Phase 4
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-open chain
-extension (frontal axis)
-abduction to adduction (sagittal axis)
-external rotation (vertical axis)

Pivoting leg
-closed chain
-flexion (frontal axis)
-abduction to adduction (sagittal axis)
-external rotation (vertical axis)
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
- open chain
-flexion (frontal axis)
-external rotation ( vertical axis)

Pivoting leg
-closed chain
-flexion (frontal axis)
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
- open chain
- plantar flexion to neutral position ( frontal axis)

Pivoting leg
- closed chain
- plantarflexion (frontal axis)
Muscles Used in Phase 4
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-> Extension - hamstrings (eccentric)
->Abduction to Adduction - Gluteus medius and minimus (eccentric)
-> External rotation - biceps femoris, guteus medius, maximus (eccentric)

Pivoting leg
-> Flexion - Rectus femoris, iliopsoas, tensor fascia latae
-> Abduction to adduction - Gluteus minimus and medius (eccentric)
-> External rotation - Biceps femoris, gluteus maximus and medius (eccentric)
Muscles Used in Phase 4
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Flexion - first the quads (antagonist) eccentricically contract while hamstrings (agonist) concentrically contract... then reverse happens
-> External rotation - Biceps femoris

Pivoting leg
-> Flexion - Quadriceps (eccentric)
AKNLE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Plantarflexion to neutral position - Gastrocnemius, soleus (eccentric)
-tibilalis posterior, plantaris stabilize the joint

Pivoting leg
-> Plantarflexion - Gastrocnemius, soleus (concentric)
Phase 5 - recovery
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
- closed chain
- Extension ( frontal axis)
- Abduction ( sagittal axis)

Pivoting leg
- closed chain
- Flexion ( frontal axis)
- Abduction (sagittal axis)
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
- closed chain
- Flexion (Frontal axis)

Pivoting leg
- Closed chain
- Flexion (Frontal axis)
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
- Closed chain
- Plantarlexion (frontal axis)

Pivoting leg
- Closed chain
- Plantarflexion (frontal axis)
Muscles Used in Phase 5
ANKLE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Plantarflexion - Gastrocnemius acts as main muscle as soleus stabilizes

Pivoting leg
-> Plantarflexion - Gastrocnemius acts as main muscle as soleus stabilizes
KNEE JOINT
Striking leg
-> Flexion - Quadriceps act as main muscle as hamstrings stabilize

Pivoting leg
-> flexion - Quadriceps act as main muscle as hamstrings stabilize
HIP JOINT
Striking leg
-> Extension - Hamstrings
-> Abduction - Gluteus medius and minimus

Pivoting leg
-> Flexion - rectus femoris, tensor fascia latae, iliopsoas
-> Abduction - Gluteus medius and minimus
What's it known for?
-Extreme force
-Extreme speed
-Extreme power
Bibliography
What about those hips?
"Muay Thai style: for the most effective kick, the attacker should fully rotate his hips. By the end of the kick, the pelvic bone should be almost vertical, with the attacker's body completely turned to the side... hip rotation adds momentum, speed and power."
...and those feet?
'The back foot should be pivoting on the ball of the foot to point almost backwards as the kick is completed. This allows the kicking hip to turn all the way through and generate the most force."
"A Biomechanical Analysis of the Roundhouse Kick by Studymode." StudyMode. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <http://www.studymode.com/essays/a-Biomechanical-Analysis-Of-The-Roundhouse-43773.html>.

"Body Kick: Mechanics of the Muay Thai roundhouse kick!." YouTube. YouTube, 18 Nov. 2011. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <

Datuin, Gemma . "Kinesiology - Roundhouse Kick." prezi.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <http://prezi.com/u5y-bfz3z73f/kinesiology-presentation-roundhouse-kick/>.

"Judo Chop: Footwork In The Muay Thai Roundhouse Kick." Bloody Elbow. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <http://www.bloodyelbow.com/2012/7/27/3079096/ufc-judo-chop-footwork-muay-thai-roundhouse-kick-yodsaenklai-fairtex>.

"Phases of Maui Thai Kicks." ojs. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2014. <https://ojs.ub.uni-konstanz.de/cpa/article/viewFile/4863/4503>.

"Roundhouse kick." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Apr. 2014. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roundhouse_kick>.

"The Human Weapon: Muay Thai Power Angle Kick." YouTube. YouTube, 27 July 2009. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <
What is it?
A roundhouse kick!
A roundhouse kick also known as swinging kick, is " a multiplanar skill. It starts with kicking leg traveling in an arc towards the front with the knee in a chambered position. The knee is extended in a snapping movement, striking the opponent with the top of the foot or shin."
Misconceptions
The roundhouse kick isn't very round at all
Mauricio “Shogun” Rua’s roundhouse kick could reach 2749 lbs of force
Training
- Warm up aerobics 5/10 minutes to get blood circulating - shadow boxing, jog
- Joint range of motion exercises
- Dynamic movements - focus on hip flexors
- Specific warm up - activity at low intensity
- Core/bulk of workout
-Squats, lunges, leg press, tire flips, box skips, calf raises, natural glute/ham raises, vertical jumps, jump rope
- 5 minute cool down
- Static stretches
Lateral flexion at the spine towards the ground and away from striking foot, torso rotates towards pivoting foot
Lateral flexion at the spine in opposite direction as mentioned earlier while going into the kick
Good form is important -> it helps prevent injury, increases speed, force and effectiveness of movement
It is also important to allow a 24-48 hour period between working out the same muscle group again to allow the muscles to recover. Every two to four weeks the workout plan should be adjusted to allow progression of the workouts.
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