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Lack of Female Integration in DDR Programs

Case Study: Nepal
by

Ghazal Rahmanpanah

on 20 October 2012

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Transcript of Lack of Female Integration in DDR Programs

A Case Study on Nepal Integration of Women in DDR The Failures of DDR(R) -Lack of Consistency
-Incomplete Steps of DDR
-One-size-fits-all Approach---belief that
this was a "Western" idea
-Compensation policy was diverting attention away from DDR process

The Gender Dimension
-Prominent Pre-Conflict---recruitment
-Prominent within the conflict---sexual violence
-Prominent Post-conflict---peace-building process The Problem: Public awareness campaigns, acknowledging role of women as combatants
Representation of female combatants in constituent assembly and Village Development Committees (VDC) - part of the 33%
Educational programs targeted at recognition of combatants in an attempt to break traditional societal perceptions Long Term Recommendations: Completion of constitution
Implementation of legal policies
Increase of civic engagement
Establishment of rights awareness groups
Strengthening of local governance Dreaming Big Lack of [legitimate] institutions
Structural disorder
State of total chaos
Transition period still in play The failure of the implementation of DDR in Nepal, specifically for women combatants, is one of the prominent reasons why women have actually regressed further post-conflict. Short Term Recommendations Reintegration through legitimacy Questions? "The consequences of the armed conflict that are relevant for gender analysis are not limited to only the issue of sexual violence, they are much broader in nature and refer to the effect the conflict has had on men and women and, as a result, on the relationships between them, particularly power relationships." Ghazal and Jessica
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