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The Great Gatsby Study Guide

Chapter Outline & Discussion Questions
by

Sarah Cantu

on 26 March 2013

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby Study Guide

"You ought to have a church, George, for times like this. You must have gone to church once. Didn't you get married in a church? Listen, George, listen to me. Didn't you get married in a church?" - Mavro Michaelis “God, but life is loneliness, despite all the opiates, despite the shrill tinsel gaiety of "parties" with no purpose, despite the false grinning faces we all wear. And when at last you find someone to whom you feel you can pour out your soul, you stop in shock at the words you utter - they are so rusty, so ugly, so meaningless and feeble from being kept in the small cramped dark inside you so long. Yes, there is joy, fulfillment and companionship - but the loneliness of the soul in its appalling self-consciousness is horrible and overpowering.”

-- The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath

But I still wake up, I still see your ghost
Oh, Lord, I'm still not sure what I stand for, oh
What do I stand for? What do I stand for?
Most nights I don't know... (oh, come on)

So this is it. I sold my soul for this?
Washed my hands of that for this?
I miss my mom and dad for this?

No. When I see stars, when I see, when I see stars, that's all they are
When I hear songs, they sound like this one, so come on.
Oh, come on. Oh, come on. Oh, come on!

Well, that is it guys, that is all - five minutes in and I'm bored again
Ten years of this, I'm not sure if anybody understands
This one is not for the folks at home;
Sorry to leave, mom, I had to go
Who of us wants to die alone all dried up in the desert sun?

My heart is breaking for my sister and the con that she call "love"
When I look into my nephew's eyes...
Man, you wouldn't believe the most amazing things that can come from...
Some terrible lies... ah...

The other night you wouldn't believe the dream I just had about you and me
I called you up but we'd both agree

It's for the best you didn't listen
It's for the best we get our distance... Oh... Some nights I stay up cashing in my bad luck
Some nights I call it a draw
Some nights I wish that my lips could build a castle
Some nights I wish they'd just fall off

But I still wake up, I still see your ghost
Oh, Lord, I'm still not sure what I stand for oh
What do I stand for? What do I stand for?
Most nights I don't know anymore...
Oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, oh,
Oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, whoa, oh, oh

This is it, boys, this is war - what are we waiting for?
Why don't we break the rules already?
I was never one to believe the hype
Save that for the black and white
I try twice as hard and I'm half as liked,
But here they come again to jack my style

That's alright;
I found a martyr in my bed tonight
She stops my bones from wondering just who I am,
Who I am, who I am
Oh, who am I? Mmm... Mmm...

Well, some nights I wish that this all would end
'Cause I could use some friends for a change.
And some nights I'm scared you'll forget me again
Some nights I always win, I always win... SOME NIGHTS fun. Blue morning Blue morning
Wrapped in strands of fist and bone
Curiosity, Kitten,
Doesn't have to mean you're on your own

You can look outside your window
He doesn't have to know
We can talk awhile, baby
We can take it nice and slow

All your life is such a shame, shame, shame
All your love is just a dream, dream, dream

Are you happy when you're sleeping?
Does he keep you safe and warm?
Does he tell you when you're sorry?
Does he tell you when you're wrong?

I've been watching you for hours
It's been years since we were born
We were perfect when we started
I've been wondering where we've gone All your life is such a shame
All your love is just a dream

I dreamt I saw you walking up a hillside in the snow
Casting shadows on the winter sky as you stood there counting crows
One for sorrow Two for joy
Three for girls and four for boys
Five for silver Six for gold and
Seven for a secret never to be told

There's a bird that nests inside you
Sleeping underneath your skin
When you open up your wings to speak
I wish you'd let me in

All your life is such a shame
All your love is just a dream
Open up your eyes
You can see the flames of your wasted life
You should be ashamed
You don't want to waste your life

I walk along these hillsides In the summer 'neath the sunshine
I am feathered by the moonlight falling down on me
Change, change, change A Murder of One by Counting Crows F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940) Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Born in St. Paul, Minnesota
Buried in Rockville, Md. Coined the term "The Jazz Age"
Married Zelda Sayre in 1920
Famous for drinking and parties
One daughter, Scottie, in 1921 Chapter 9 The Roaring Twenties 1920-
1933 Warm-Up: What things stand out to you about this film trailer? "I’m glad it’s a girl. And I hope she’ll be a fool — that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool.” What are your first impressions of each of the following: "No — Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men." "In consequence, I’m inclined to reserve all judgments, a habit that has opened up many curious natures to me and also made me the victim of not a few veteran bores. " Complete this outline: Nick Carraway is ( ). adjective or phrase On ( ), he demonstrates this quality when he says... page #s (direct quote or excerpt from the text) This shows ( ). explain your logic here flappers prohibition jazz music First impressions play a major role in this novel. Jordan Nick Daisy Tom Gatsby East Egg West Egg What is...
Nick's American Dream?
Who does his dream apply to? Daisy's American Dream?
Who does her dream apply to? Tom's American Dream?
Who does his dream apply to? Gatsby's American Dream?
Who might his dream apply to? What does the phrase "THE AMERICAN DREAM" mean to you? "The idea is if we don’t look out the white race will be —will be utterly submerged. It’s all scientific stuff; it’s been proved.” The Great Gatsby:
Classic Adventures for iPad
Free download (first eight levels)
Complete game (44 levels) for $4.99 "I have been just twice in my life..." How does this photograph relate to the end of chapter one? How does this photograph relate to the end of chapter one? Why do you believe that the author chose to include this specific image? The Valley of Ashes George B. Wilson Myrtle Wilson What are your first impressions of: Dr. T.J. Eckleburg DRUNK Building the Perfect Note Card 1) Know your thesis Thesis: F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby" is a critique of the Jazz Age's wasteful, destructive, and immoral lifestyle. "I had a dog-at least I had him for a few days until he ran away." Source #1 (page 3) WASTE card #1 of 60 Waste

Destruction

Immorality 2) Read text closely 3) Document evidence Nick is careless with his possessions "I like large parties. They're so intimate. At small parties there isn't any privacy." Feminism in Focus: Building the Perfect Note Card 1) Know your thesis Thesis: F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby" is an expose of a lifestyle built on excess, waste, and deception. Every Friday five crates of oranges and lemons arrived from a fruiterer in New York—every Monday these same oranges and lemons left his back door in a pyramid of pulpless halves. Source #1 (page 39) EXCESS card #2 of 60 2) Read text closely 3) Document evidence 60 fruits per crate x 5 crates =
more than 300 fruits per weekend used as mixers and garnishes for drinks. What rumors have we encountered about each of the following characters: RUMORS play a major role in this novel. Jordan Daisy Gatsby There are some nights I hold on to every note I ever wrote
Some nights, I say "---- it all" and stare at the calendar
Waiting for catastrophes, imagine when they scare me
Into changing whatever it is I am changing into...

And you have every right to be scared.

Cos there are some nights I hold you close, pushing you to hold me
Or begging you to lock me up, never let me see the world
Some nights, I live in horror of people on the radio
Tea parties and Twitter, I've never been so bitter And you, why you wanna stay?
Oh my God! Have you listened to me lately?
Lately, I've been going crazy...

And you, why you wanna stay?
Oh my God! Have you listened to me lately?
Lately, I've been going crazy...

There are some nights I wait for someone to save us
But I never look inward, try not to look upward
And some nights I pray a sign is gonna come to me
But usually, I'm just trying to get some sleep...

Some nights! David Belasco American theater producer and playwright, famous for his incredibly authentic set pieces and stage decor. "All I kept thinking about, over and over, was 'You can't live forever; you can't live forever..." Tom EXCESS
WASTE
DECEPTION "Dishonesty in a woman is a thing you never blame deeply." FIRST IMPRESSIONS What evidence supports the claim that Gatsby is genuine and down-to-earth? What evidence supports the claim that Gatsby is shady or disingenuous? 1. Who gets into a car accident in Ch. 3?

2. Who "likes big parties" because they are "so intimate?"

3. Who "hates careless people?"

4. Which city WIRES for Gatsby during the party?

5. Which city CALLS for Gatsby during the party? CHAPTER 3 RECAP Why does Gatsby make a series of "home improvements" on Nick's house? What does this reveal about Gatsby? How does Gatsby behave before the afternoon tea?

What about during the tea?

After the tea? Who is "James Gatz?" And why is his identity an important piece to the puzzle of The Great Gatsby? "I wouldn't ask too much of her," I ventured. "You can't repeat the past."

"Can't repeat the past?" he cried incredulously. "Why of course you can!" "I felt that Tom would drift on forever seeking a little wistfully for the dramatic turbulence of some irrecoverable
football game." What is IRONIC about Mr. Wolfsheim's role in fixing the outcome of the World Series? AMERICA'S PASTIME "I’m glad it’s a girl. And I hope she’ll be a fool — that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool.” what do these quotes reveal about the role of women in the 1920s? "People underestimate the power of nostalgia. If baseball can use it to get people to care about that worthless sport, then I can use it to get my siblings to care about the farm. Nostalgia is truly one of the great human weaknesses, second only to the neck." -Dwight Schrute Is nostalgia a GOOD thing or a BAD thing? Why? What is the of each of these characters? TOM BUCHANAN JAMES GATZ NICK
CARRAWAY JAY
GATSBY DAISY BUCHANAN DAN
CODY What does this suggest about Mr. Wolfsheim? The Great Gatsby:
Classic Adventures for iPad
Free download (first eight levels)
Complete game (44 levels) for $4.99 The Great Gatsby:
"8-Bit Nintendo"-style video game
Complete game free online
www.greatgatsbygame.com "Can't repeat the past? Of course you can!" Two modern video game twists on a classic American story. Other Rejected Titles What's wrong with this photo? Trimalchio

Trimalchio in West Egg

On the Road to West Egg

Gatsby Before we look at rejected titles, let's talk about how we feel about the chosen title, "The Great Gatsby." Trimalchio is a character in the 1st century AD Roman work of fiction Satyricon by Petronius.

Trimalchio is a freedman who through hard work and perseverance has attained power and wealth.

Trimalchio is known for throwing lavish dinner parties.

He seeks to impress his guests—the Roman nouveau riche, mostly freedmen—with the ubiquitous excesses seen throughout his dwelling. Get to know Trimalchio F. Scott Fitzgerald agonized over what to title this book. He re-titled the book nearly a dozen times, and made endless rewrites. Does it fit? What do you make of this word "great" to describe Gatsby? Among Ash Heaps and Millionaires

Gold-Hatted Gatsby

The High Bouncing Lover

Under the Red, White, and Blue "If it wasn't for the mist we could see your home across the bay," said Gatsby. "You always have a green light that burns all night at the end of your dock." “They’re such beautiful shirts,” she sobbed, her voice muffled in the thick folds. “It makes me sad because I’ve never seen such — such beautiful shirts before.” What's in a name? "Don't judge a book by its cover..." Francis Cugat painted the cover art for Gatsby in 1925. He was commissioned to paint the piece before the book was even completed. "Yeah, Gatsby's very careful about women. He would never so much as look at a friend's wife." Daisy
Gatsby Tom's Car Gatsby's Car Nick
Jordan
Tom On the ride to NYC... Daisy
Gatsby Tom's Car Gatsby's Car Nick
Jordan
Tom On the ride home... "You loved me too?" he repeated. Seeing Daisy's daughter has an profound impact on Gatsby. WHY? why did Gatsby fire his entire house staff? and what does this reveal about him? "It was when curiosity about Gatsby was at its highest that the lights in his house failed to go on one Saturday night — and, as obscurely as it had begun, his career as Trimalchio was over." "They're a rotten crowd," I shouted across the lawn. "You're worth the whole damn bunch put together." "I told her she might fool me but she couldn't fool God. I took her to the window [...] and I said 'God knows what you've been doing, everything you've been doing. You may fool me but you can't fool God!'" "God sees everything," repeated Wilson. Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that's no matter--tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther. . . . And one fine morning----

So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. "The poor son-of-a-bitch."
Rise from bed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.00 A.M.
Dumbbell exercise and wall-scaling . . . . . . . . 6.15-6.30 "
Study electricity, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.15-8.15 "
Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.30-4.30 P.M.
Baseball and sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.30-5.00 "
Practice elocution, poise and how to attain it 5.00-6.00 "
Study needed inventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.00-9.00 "

GENERAL RESOLVES

No wasting time at Shafters or [a name, indecipherable]
No more smokeing or chewing
Bath every other day
Read one improving book or magazine per week
Save $5.00 [crossed out] $3.00 per week
Be better to parents How do the dog biscuits reveal the true nature of Tom Buchanan's character? "They were careless people, Tom and Daisy--they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made..." green
yellow
white "GASPILLER"
je gaspille alternate titles
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