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Hasty Generalization

Fallacy for English 3 AP/Dull.

Cynthia Aguillon

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Hasty Generalization

Sources: Is when a conclusion is drawn by a person about something based on a sample that is not large enough to support it. Definition: "Sam is riding her bike in her home town in Maine, minding her own business. A station wagon comes up behind her and the driver starts beeping his horn and then tries to force her off the road. As he goes by, the driver yells "get on the sidewalk where you belong!" Sam sees that the car has Ohio plates and concludes that all Ohio drivers are jerks." - The Nizkor Project Example: Example One from the Crucibles: "She ails as she must-she never waked this morning, but her eyes open and she walks, and hears naught, sees naught, and cannot eat. Her soul is taken surely. "- Mrs. Putnam

Act One, page 145 Example Two from the Crucibles: "I want the light of God, I want the sweet love of Jesus! I danced for the Devil; I saw him; I wrote in his book; I go back to Jesus; I kiss His hand. I saw Sarah Good with the Devil! I saw Goody Osburn with the Devil! I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil!"- Abigail

Act One, page 162 http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/hasty-generalization.html
http://images.google.com/imgres?q=salem+massachusetts+witch+museums&hl=en&safe=active&tbo=d&biw=792&bih=454&tbm=isch&tbnid=ZdchU2VpkVSxuM:&imgrefurl=http://salemwitchmuseum.com/media/&docid=wI2DjhKHyrOaNM&imgurl=http://salemwitchmuseum.com/images/swm_front.jpg&w=500&h=373&ei=tR-gULWpEI2E8ASdn4CgCg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=124&dur=6171&hovh=194&hovw=260&tx=112&ty=104&sig=104011167958427764285&page=1&tbnh=120&tbnw=158&start=0&ndsp=10&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:72&surl=1 By: Cynthia Aguillon and Alondra Martinez
1B Hasty Generalizations: Commentary-
Because many people have been found to be witches or supposedly dealt with witchcraft in town, Mrs. Putnam generalizes that her daughters' soul must have been taken too. Commentary-
Since Abigail admits that she was with the devil, the adults assume that she must know all the others who were with him as well. At first, Abigail proclaims all of the people the village already shuns so they never question whether or not she was lying. Example Three from the Crucibles: "In an ordinary crime, how does one defend the accused? One calls up witnesses to prove his innocence. But witchcraft is ipso facto, on its face and by its nature, an invisible crime, is it not? Therefore, who may possibly be witness to it? The witch and the victim. None other."- Danforth

Act Three, page 188 Commentary-
During this time period, people believed in evil doings and there was usually no proof of that in many cases. Thus, when Danforth says that, he trusts that the accuser is being honest and that the accused must be found guilty. Example Four from the Crucibles: "I tell you true, woman, had I no other proof of your unnatural life, your dry eyes now would be sufficient evidence that you delivered up your soul to Hell! A very ape would weep at such calamity! Have the devil dried up any tear of pity in you[, Elizabeth]?"- Danforth

Act Four, page 206 Commentary-
Danforth thinks that because Elizabeth shows no emotion when he asks her to beg Proctor to admit he had been with the devil (so that he won't be hanged), he reckons that she is truly a witch. A good wife, in that time, would have immediately jumped on that opportunity to save her husband from being hanged and from evil. The quotes in this Prezi were found in The Crucibles by Arthur Miller.
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