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LIBYA revolution 2011: FAMS
Transcript of LIBYA revolution 2011: FAMS
? Feb 15, 2011 lack of human rights, endemic corruption and a repressive police force Set Feb 17 as “Day of Rage”, used social networking websites to convince millions to protest without violence on the streets W
? In Benghazi, gathered in front of police headquarters and chanted “corrupt rulers of the country.” resulted in violent beatings from authorities 2,000 people involved:
said to have thrown stones and petrol bombs, and set vehicles alight In Zentan, south of Tripoli, hundred of people marched streets and set up tents. Set police headquarters on fire demonstrators, fed up with delays, broke into a housing project the government was building and occupied it High unemployment and demands for freedom Took power in 1969 in a nonviolent coup
Tried to refurbish his image in 2003
pledged to stop terrorism and a program to build nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia Politics and Government Protestors Unclear who is leading the revolution on the part of the protestors
Nearly 150,000 flee Libya
Libya's former justice minister, Abdel Baset al-Megrahi, was nominated to be the leader of the revolution Combination of Islamic and Socialist ideas
Ruler: Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi
Authoritarian state Gadhafi's government responded with a $24 billion fund for housing and development Protests about 15,000 people each day The Beginning A month later police detained relatives of those killed in the 1996 massacre at the Abu Salim prison, for no good reason History Actions against Protestors The Cause Sends Khamis Brigade to towns to kill (peaceful) protestors
fights back with three forces Economy $13,800 (2010 est.) (83rd in the world) Recent and successful revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia gave hope to Libyan people Have a three-member executive committee
have leaders in charge of the military and foreign affairs Why now? : HOPE Military male: 59,547
female: 57,070 (2010 est.) Main Cultural Groups special forces
regular army trrops
fighter jets Berber and Arab 97%, other 3%
Sunni Muslim 97%, other 3% Population W
? 6,597,960 (101st in the world) Strategetic Relationships in International Relations Main Cities of Protests Benghazi
Ras Lanuf A Tunisian street vendor setting himself on fire ignited revolutions in Egypt, Bahrain,Yemen and Libya Violence! Gaddafi Corruption Steal money from country Son, Mutassim, tried to force National Oil Company to give him 1.2 billion dollars Treats people horribly Told mercenaries to shoot anyone in the streets of Tripoli that insulted him: more than 1,000 killed Ordered planes to bomb Benghazi but pilots refused Citizens of Canada planned a day of protest - trying to assist the citizen's of Libya's attempt to free themselves.... Violent Protests:
-Burning of officials' photos
-torching of government buildings
-street-bound rallies and outbursts February 17th, 2011 was supposed to be a day of peaceful protesting in Libya.... The Military and local officers were called in to help with "crowd control" during street protests. Military helicopters were used to blindly fire at protesters s in the crowded streets. Anti-Western influence
Pro Arab unity Attempts at Peace! Innocent lives.... wasted Impact on the Economy Social media has played a large part in the development of the revolution in Libya. Facebook Twitter Correspondents in Libya from mainstream media outlets. The New York Times Due to the violent outbreak in Libya, an oil-rich country, the prices of oil skyrocketed. The supply of oil, however, is decreasing tremendously.... Oil stocks have risen throughout the world..... Fridays are holy days.... Religion Street bombings....