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Pantanal - Freshwater Wetlands

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on 26 May 2015

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Transcript of Pantanal - Freshwater Wetlands

Pantanal
Freshwater Wetlands in
By: Abigail Cassimatis, Lauren Bishop, & Jenna Nguyen
"It's a wetland wonderland!"
Food Web
Location
The pantanal is located in South America in the country of Brazil.
Climate
Temperature- Winter- 70 degrees F Summer - 90 degrees F

Rainfall- Annual amount of rainfall is 39.4 to 49.2 inches

Average Daily Temperature- Average temp. 75 degrees Fahrenheit

Extreme Temperatures- 30.2 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit

Weather Patterns- In Winter (June/July-August), a passageway channels the cold winds to blow toward the equator from the south, which causes a dramatic temperature drop. This can happen up to 5 times a year, while in some years it doesn’t occur at all. Such sudden climate changes in the Pantanal happen because of tremendous amounts of rainfall.

Different Seasons- Dry Season - July to October
Rainy Season - November to January
Low Tide - May to June

Amount of Sunlight- Sunlight all year long
Food Chain
Biome Characteristics
Native Plants- Pink Shower Tree
Water Hyacinth
Java Plum
Native Animals- Oncilla
Caiman
Capybara
Jabiru Stork
Giant Anteater
Green Winged Macaw
Tapir
Surrounding Areas- .The Pantanal is bounded by the Chiquitano dry forests to the west and northwest, by the Arid Chaco dry forests to the southwest and the Humid Chaco to the south. The Cerrado savannas lie to the north, east and southeast.
Terrain-With a total area of almost 195,000 square kilometres. The Pantanal is very wet and grassy. During the rainy season the whole place floods. Also the Pantanal is very flat with few hills. It’s landscape has rivers, marshes, lakes, and gallery forests.

Jaguar
Capybara
Water Hyacinth
Endangered/Threatend Species
thin -leaved cattail
water hyacinth
giant water lily
pickerelweed
fig tree
jaguar
maned wolf
caiman
capybara
slugs
apple snails
worms
mosses
mushrooms
giant river otter
The main threats that are currently affecting the Pantanal is pesticide runoff from agricultural lands. Legal and illegal poaching has also had an impact on the area. Predators such as Jaguar continue to be killed for trade and also because of their threat on cattle. Because of the main predators being killed, it is affecting the rest of the food chain.
The Pygmy or Silver Marmoset, Marsh Deer, Hyacinthine Macaw, Maned Wolves, Black Jaguarundi, and the Jaguar are just some of the endangered species of the Pantanal.
Plant & Animal Adaptations
Interesting Facts
The Pantanal is the world's largest wetland.
The Pantanal covers an area of 66,100 square miles. That's 10 times the size of Florida's Everglades!
Scientists suggest that 13,000 to 23,000 years ago, the Pantanal was completly covered by sandy desert.
The Pantanal is home to over 700 species of birds, 100 species of mammals, 260 species of fish, and 80 reptile species.
The average amount of rain in the Pantanal is 40-55 inches. Seventy-eight percent of the Pantanal is underwater during the rainy seasons.
Why go to the Pantanal?
Animals in the Pantanal have adapted very well to there environment. Plants and animals all have very many adaptations. For example:

The Jaguar: A jaguar is stocky and muscled built to make it easier to travel in its environment. It also has a spotted, camouflage coat to blend in with its surroundings which helps it catch prey without being spotted.
The Marsh Deer: Their hindquarters are well developed for moving through the thick marshes which is an excellent adaptation. Like other animals adapted to a boggy habitat, the dewclaws of the marsh deer are well developed and the widely-slayed hooves are very long.
The Water Hyacinth: The Water Hyacinth has a rapid growth habit. According to the University of Florida Extension, its populations can double in six days, making its growth faster than any other tested plant.
Once introduced to water
, this plant reproduces rapidly and can cover an acre in just one growing season!
Take a visit to the Giant Water Lilies!
Enjoy exploring the Pantanal in the dry season, from July to October, when it's your best chance spot a Jaguar and to avoid the mosquitos!
Go bird spotting! Count how many colorful toucans you can find.
In the open marshes of the Pantanal, animals are much easier to spot.
If you aren't an animal lover by the time you go to Pantanal, you will be by the time you leave. It's a wildlife wonderland!
Comfortably sit in the shade underneath the luscious trees and enjoy the nature.
Being in an open habitat, the animals are easy to observe, with herds of capybaras, playful river otters, masses of sunbathing caiman, and clouds of birds.


Giant Water Lilies: The Giant Water Lily adapts to the environment by growing thorns on the bottom of the leaves to protect itself from fishes and other predators that might want to eat it. Another adaptation is the rim around the edges of the leaves. These rims help protect the leaf from birds and insects that might want to eat the leaves (the rim is a barrier between the insects and the leaf). The flower only lives for three days, it traps the beetles that come to pollinate the flower inside its core and then releases all its pollen on these beetles. This enlarges the percentage of pollen that gets transported to other flowers for pollination.
Sources

"The Pantanal in South America." WWF -. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Brazil Travel Guide - Pantanal Weather." Brazil Travel Guide - Pantanal Weather. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Pantanal Conservation Area." - UNESCO World Heritage Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Diversity of the Pantanal of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay." Diversity of the Pantanal of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Center for Coastal Resources Management." Wetland Plants. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Apple Snail: Unlikely Hero of the Pantanal." Nature Box. N.p., 14 Apr. 2013. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Brazil Travel Guide - Pantanal Weather." Brazil Travel Guide - Pantanal Weather. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Central-South America: Pantanal Conservation Area, Brazil - GEO 121 Wiki: Fall 2013." Central-South America: Pantanal Conservation Area, Brazil - GEO 121 Wiki: Fall 2013. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Invivo ::: Environment ::: The Pantanal Biome." Invivo ::: Environment ::: The Pantanal Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Wildlife and Vegetation in the Pantanal, Brazil." Wildlife and Vegetation in the Pantanal, Brazil. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"The Pantanal." Wildlife Location in Brazil, Latin America. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Jaguar Animal One Of The Largest Cats In The World." Jaguar Animal, One Of The Largest Cats In The World • Rainforest Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Marsh Deer." Marsh Deer. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.

"11 Facts About the Pantanal Wetlands." Good Nature. N.p., 22 Oct. 2014. Web. 20 May 2015.

"Brazil Travel Guide - The Pantanal." Brazil Travel Guide - The Pantanal. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2015.



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