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Environmental Policy Related to Road Transportation
Transcript of Environmental Policy Related to Road Transportation
NARVASA, Mark Angelo
NECISITO, Janine Fae D.
NIEVES, Jennie Rose B. Current Problems? Environmental Policy Related to Road Transportation Air Pollution from
mobile sources Poor control of POLLUTERS Traffic Congestion aimed to promote policy reforms to improve air quality through the abatement of mobile and stationary sources of air pollution in the Metro Manila air shed. Components of the program include: motor vehicle inspection system, industrial air emissions pollution abatement program, production of clean fuels, introduction of antipollution devices such as catalytic converters, traffic management and road rehabilitation Inception Report 3-8 Formulation of a National Environmentally Sustainable Transport Strategy for the Philippines program, ambient air quality monitoring, raising public awareness, capacity building and institutional development. The Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development Program (MMAQISDP or known as METROAIR) 1) mitigation of air pollution from mobile sources;
2) mitigation of air pollution from stationary sources;
3) improvement in fuel quality;
4) reduction of emissions from vehicular use;
5) reduction of traffic congestion and improvement of traffic flow;
6) strengthening of ambient air quality monitoring, evaluation and reporting;
7) intensification of public awareness;
8) monitoring the implementation and coordination of the AQAP; and
9) strengthening the capacity of institutions involved. The Program scope consisting policy reforms and investment integrated within a policy matrix termed as Air Quality Action Plan (AQAP) that covers 9 key air quality issues: Motor vehicle inspection in the Philippines focused mainly on the provision of safety devices; pollution was not the main concern.
Until early 2001, only 4 Motor Vehicle Inspection Systems (MVIS) were operational the Philippines
Because of low capacity, only vehicles older than5 years were inspected, and mostly taxis. Private vehicles were not covered.
At the moment, no comprehensive inspection systems are operational. Current Practices in
Automobile Inspection Conflict between the fare regulation and being able to cover the cost of vehicle maintenance
No subsidies for privately-owned public transport (and no government company)
Roadside testing of smoke-belchers is
having some impact on getting compliance Other policy aspects Transport policy and corresponding simulation system settings Source: Yai, Iwakura, Vergel – 4th JSPS Workshop on Impact Analysis of Metropolitan Policies For Development and Environmental Conservation in the Philippines, Nov 20-21, 2001 Simulated Results of Different Policies RA No. 8749 passed in 1998
Legal basis for the government in formulating and implementing programs geared towards reducing emissions from mobile sources
Provides for Air Quality Management through:
Setting of ambient air quality guidelines and standards (for monitoring)
Emission control for the In-Use and New Motor vehicles
Regulation of importation of motor vehicles and engines to comply with emission limits.
National Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program Clean Air Act (CAA) Participation of the private sector including NGO and private organizations, academe, environmental groups and other private entities.
Awareness campaign focus:
Harmful impact of gas emission
Technological options available
Commitment of the government to fully enforce emission standards through strengthening of apprehension activities.
Advertising industry, broadcasting industry and print media shall participate in public awareness raising campaigns Public Information and Education according to CAA Air Quality Action Plan Establish a motor vehicle inspection and emission testing system (MVIETS)
Strengthen vehicle emission enforcement capability
Enhance information technology capabilities
Implement capacity building for MVIETS
Public awareness campaigns Mitigate air pollution from mobile sources Introduce emission technology measures
Review import of second hand vehicles and engines
Age limitation for public transportation vehicles Reduce emissions from vehicular use Establish transport policies to improve
future accessibility and minimize
Increase road capacity
Ensure proper integration of land use and development and transport provision
Improve transport planning process Reduce traffic congestion and improve traffic flow