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A Guide to Resumes & Cover Letters

A presentation for creating resumes and cover letters for recent college graduates, not specific to any career field. Check out the links to other great resources throughout the slides.
by

Joy Bancroft

on 4 May 2015

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Transcript of A Guide to Resumes & Cover Letters

Resume Workshop
PROFESSIONAL PROFILE
SKILLS &
EDUCATION
QUALIFICATIONS
WORK EXPERIENCE
LEADERSHIP & ACTIVITIES
COVER LETTERS
Daytona State College
386.506.3297
daytonastate.edu/cwc
Resume Templates
Work from Microsoft Word's templates:
File New Resumes
objective statement
Objective statements are generally omitted in favor of
professional profiles
or
summaries
.
If you want an objective statement, keep it to
~20 words
, and
be specific
about the
position and area
in which you wish to work.
professional profile
Should be
different for each job
application to emphasize how you meet that job's requirements.

Active
Adaptable
Aggressive
Alert
Ambitious
Analytical
Attentive
Broad-minded
Conscientious
Consistent
Constructive
Creative
Dependable
Determined
Diplomatic
Disciplined
Discrete
Personable
Positive
Practical
Productive
Realistic
Reliable
Resourceful
Respective
Self-reliant
Sense of humor
Sincere
Sophisticated
Systematic
Tactful
Talented
Will travel
Will relocate
Economical
Efficient
Energetic
Enterprising
Enthusiastic
Extroverted
Fair
Forceful
Imaginative
Independent
Logical
Loyal
Mature
Methodical
Objective
Optimistic
Perceptive
ADJECTIVES
Don't go overboard--keep it simple.

words that describe nouns
Avoid empty adjectives like "great" or "good."
More descriptive, specific examples of skills and experience: Use action verbs and start each bullet in the same structure.
Skills & Qualifications
Resume Content
Computers often sift through applications, looking for
key words
from the position description.
Include school, location, degree, and years attended or year of graduation.
Project grad date (May 2016) or end the range with "Current" or "Present."
Include GPA if above 3.0.
Include honors, awards, & scholarships here or in separate section.
Not necessary to include high school education.
Not necessary to include previous incomplete education on resume; application may require this information.

DAYTONA STATE COLLEGE
Associate of Arts, Liberal Arts
Daytona Beach, FL
2014-Present
List skill areas with support points (Leadership, Customer Service, Administration) and then list workplaces separately.
Reverse chronological order (
most recent first
), detailing skills for each job within the past ~10 yrs.

FUNCTIONAL
CHRONOLOGICAL
Employers initially spend about
6 seconds
reviewing resumes the first time through the stack.
People read left to right, top to bottom, so consider the
balance of white space and text
.
The sections described in this presentation should be arranged in order of most
relevance and importance
for you.
You do not have to include every section; for example, you may choose to have a Skills & Qualifications section, but not a Professional Profile.
Download a template online.
TIP:
Check to see if the template is using a table.
TIP:
Choose a template/font that is professional.
TIP:
Use bold, italics, and underlining consistently and sparingly.
TIP:
Make use of white space to draw the eye to specific content; do not overwhelm the reader with text.
Focus on hard skills (experience and education), not soft skills (personality and ethics).
No more than 4-5 lines long.
Bulleted lists are easier to scan. Keep brief and
emphasize key words
that are in job description.
Paragraphs/sentences can lend a more personal feel and allow more description.
Include employment from
10+ years ago
that is directly relevant to your field.
If you lack relevant work experience, this is an area to describe experience gained in
internships and education
.
adjective + past-tense verb + object

verb + object
Chronological Resumes
Reverse-chronological order
(most recent first).
For jobs held in the past, lead with past-tense action verb
(for jobs still held, present tense)
.
Include overall duties, staff size, budget, and reporter responsibility, if relevant.
Achievements:
Action + Result. What, specifically, did you do, and what effect did it have on the company?
Expound more on jobs that are
relevant
to the job you are applying for.
Emphasize
universal, transferable skills
for jobs that don't seem relevant (e.g., working for McDonald's = customer service).
Graduating, entry-level students: Think of clinicals and externships.
Functional Resumes
Ideal if you have
gaps
in employment, are
switching careers
, or want to
emphasize specific skill sets
or experience.
Emphasizes
relevant, overall skills
, such as experience in management, customer service, technology, and administration, moving the list of employers to the bottom.
Hiring employers sometimes are suspicious of these resumes, especially if empty, flowery language is used, so employ
achievement-based language
.
Verbs
While in College:
Get involved!
Keep records!
Revise papers!
Some jobs ask for a writing sample.
You may be asked for a copy of your transcript.
Participation in clubs or honor societies makes you stand out.
Make a portfolio!
Keep copies of your awards, certificates, transcript, papers, and projects digitally and/or altogether in one location.
Stand out!
Applications will not always ask for cover letters, writing samples, or portfolios, but if you submit additional material, you are potentially outshining other candidates.
Resources
Should You Use a Chronological or Functional Resume?
http://mnstr.me/1DKo6TB
Entry-Level College Graduate Resumes
http://read.bi/1p3ybQK
How to Handle Gaps in Employment
http://bit.ly/1HrFBtA
Examples
Nicole Fallon & Jeanette Mulvey:
30+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on Your Resume,
http://bit.ly/1rO3zd7
Interpersonal Communication
writes clearly and concisely
listens attentively
openly expresses ideas
negotiates/resolves differences
provides and asks for feedback
offers well-thought-out solutions
cooperates/works well with others
Planning & Organization
forecasts/predicts ______
identifies and gathers appropriate resources
thoroughly researches background information
develops strategies for _____
thinks critically to solve problems
handles details in/for _____
coordinates and completes tasks
manages projects effectively
meets deadlines
plans and arranges activities
Management & Leadership
leads and directs others
teaches/trains/instructs/counsels/coaches
manages conflict
helps team members set and achieve goals
delegates effectively
makes and implements decisions
enforces policies
Social Media
manages social media campaigns
measures and analyzes campaign results
engages with industry influencers
creates and executes content strategies
drives engagement and leads
enhances brand image through social presence
http://muse.cm/1mOrWAw
Resources
4 Things You Didn't Know....
Image from MindFlash. See entire infographic here:
http://bit.ly/1DhuUoG
Header
Make your name prominent
Physical address is unnecessary
Use a professional email address
Provide professional social media handles
Using Social Media
Infographic from The Undercover Recruiter:
http://bit.ly/1i07sE1
Resource
12 Resume Tweaks
http://on.mash.to/1xzlAJN
Image from Boundless:
http://bit.ly/1OffImu
About Key Words
Resource
http://bit.ly/1xMc1so
Resource
22 LinkedIn Secrets:
http://onforb.es/1elIZF8
31 Cover Letter Tips
Resources
http://muse.cm/1sUUYVk
Start with generic base letter
Tailor letter to each job
Use key words from job description
Research the facility:
Mission & values
Company's awards
Describe mutual benefit
You can
integrate
volunteer work in your Work Experience section if you lack work experience or have gaps.
Provide a
title
for your volunteering position (speak to your volunteer coordinator if you have questions about how to represent your time and work there).
Be
specific
: include accomplishments and skills gained.
http://mnstr.me/Xc0bKZ
Leveraging Volunteer Work
Sample Leadership Phrases
http://bit.ly/1zgactd
Tips:
Use the
same font & format
as your resume.
Save your cover letter as a
pdf
in the
same file
as your resume.
Keep "
I
" to a minimum; vary your sentence structure.
Don't use "To Whom It May Concern"; research the hiring manager's name or use "Dear Hiring Manager."
Proofread!
Send your letter to a friend; get an extra pair of eyes to look at it.
Infographic from:
http://bit.ly/1GyNgFh
7 Deadly Sins
http://bit.ly/1fqkTwa
50 Cover Letter Examples
http://bit.ly/1aJlUR4
http://bit.ly/1zQc47l
Harvard Business Review
Full transcript