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The New Nation 1--Washington, Adams, and The Early Struggles

Ratification, The Presidencies of Washington, Adams, and Jefferson
by

Richard Sheets

on 7 April 2015

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Transcript of The New Nation 1--Washington, Adams, and The Early Struggles

Washington, Adams and The Early Struggles
1-31--The Fight for Ratification
Monday, 2-4: Problems, Political Parties, and Washington's Farewell
Tuesday, 2-5--Adams
and the XYZ Affair
The New Nation 1
Something missing? Was there something missing from the Constitution?

THE PEOPLE - The Constitution was silent in its original form on the rights and protections of the people. WHAT DO WE NEED?

A BILL OF RIGHTS to protect the people.


Problem

All the states did not agree (BIG SURPRISE!)
Nation quickly divides into two factions

Anti-Federalist and Federalists

Interesting Note: Only 39 of the 55 delegates that attended the convention actually signed the final document.
RATIFICATION
RATIFICATION
The State Conventions
RATIFYING THE CONSTITUTION
6. Right to a speedy and public trial.
7. Right to trial by jury in common law suits over $20.  
8. No excessive bail or fines, no cruel or unusual punishment.
9. Enumeration of rights in the Constitution “shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”
10. “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution; nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”
Bill of Rights (cont.)
John C. Calhoun
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved for the States respectively, or to the people.
10th Amendment
James Madison
Bill of Rights (passed by Congress in 1789; ratified in 1791)

 1. Freedom of religion, speech, press, right to peaceably assemble, and petition the Government.
 
 2. Right to keep and bear arms.
  
3. No quartering of soldiers.
 
 4. No unreasonable search and seizure.
  
5. No self-indictment (with exceptions), double jeopardy, no deprivation of “life, liberty or property without due process,” no confiscation of private property without “just compensation.”
  
“If a weak state with Indians on its back and the Spaniards on its flank does not see the necessity of a General Government, there must I think be weakness or insanity in the way.”
George Washington on Georgia
Jefferson and Madison oppose
Hamilton favors the creation of a National bank
The Bank of the United States
Ratification fight--Federalists and Anti-Federalists
The Bill of Rights--Brain pop
Bill of Rights Organizer- Brain Pop
George Washington Presidency--smartboard notes
Warm up: U.S.(11)
Using you textbook, define the following terms:

1. precedent
2. tariff
3. bonds
4. cabinet
U.S.:
VS.
James Madison
Federalist
Thomas Jefferson
Anti-Federalist 
Sometimes great minds
don’t think alike!!
Essential Question
Why was the Bill of Rights necessary for ratification of the U.S. Constitution?
Two opposing points of view!!!
RATIFICATION
The Fight for Ratification: Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist
George Washington Presidency--smartboard notes
Bill of Rights Organizer
H.W. Notebook 1--chapter 7-1 "Governing the United States
Warm up: CAAT/Honors (11)
Using you textbook, define the following terms:

1. Federalist
2. Antifederalists
Date: Thurs, 1/31
CAAT/Honors
The New Nation
Hamilton's Plan
Assignments
Pages 293-294, (Red) We The People
Page 265, Textbook
CAAT-Homework
Honors--Class Work
U.S.--Class Work

Teacher-Led Close Reading-- Primary Sources, page 621 Textbook--James Madison, The Federalist, No. 39; then answer the three Comprehension and Critical Thinking Questions on the back of the Brain Pop Organizer
Exit Ticket: (2) In a complete sentence, name the founder of the Federalist Party.
Britain withdrew from American soil.

Pay damages for ships they had seized.

Allow American ships to trade with British colonies in the Caribbean.

Settled debts from before 1776.
Jays Treaty
Title: Washington's Advice
Read Primary Sources: Washington's Farewell Address and answer the following questions:
1) What were Washington's recommendations concerning America's foreign policy? What did he advise concerning existing alliances?
2) What advice did Washington offer about U.S. trade policy?
3) Do you think Washington's advice is still useful today or is it outdated?
Assignment: CAAT/Honors
What was in the Treaty:
Thomas Pinckney was sent to Spain to settle the differences between the two nations
Gave Americans free navigation of the Mississippi River.

Right to trade at New Orleans.
Pinckney's Treaty
Washington sends John Jay, chief justice of the Supreme Court, to negotiate with Britain.
Outraged British warships stopped American Merchant ships and forced their crews to join the British navy.
April 22, 1793:
France tried to involve the United States in their conflict with Britain.
Proclamation of Neutrality- Prohibited American citizens from fighting in the war and barred French and British warships from American Ports.
Washington Proclaims Neutrality
First Two Political Parties
Consider the difference between this and Shay's rebellion
Hearing of Washington's march, the rebellion crumbles before he can arrive...but the message is clear: any protest against government actions had better be peaceful
The government responds:

President Washington personally leads an army to crush the uprising.
Western Pennsylvania
Farmers protest a tax on whiskey and go on a rampage. Tax collectors are tarred and feathered--building burned
The Whiskey Rebellion
Democratic-Republican Party
Federalist Party
Hamilton
VS.
Jefferson
Warm up: CAAT/Honors (13) Look on page 235, text--Who was the 1st attorney general?
Smartboard--Early Challenges and The 1st Political Parties--Jefferson vs. Hamilton
Washington's Farewell Address
Date: Mon, 2-4
CAAT Honors
The New Nation
Warm up: U.S. (13)
Look on page 283, text--Who was the 1st attorney general?
Smartboard--Early Challenges and The 1st Political Parties--Jefferson vs. Hamilton
Washington's Farewell Address
U.S.:
U.S.
Title: Washington's Advice
Turn to page 625 in your textbook. Read Washington's Farewell Address and answer the Comprehension and Critical Thinking Questions
Assignment: U.S.
The First Political Parties
3) War Department
2) Treasury Department
Thomas Jefferson
Congress creates the 1st three departments of the Executive Branch:
1) The State Department
Hamilton calls for paying off all debts from the states and the Confederation governments


Citizens had bought bonds--they expected interest plus what they paid for the bond


Hamilton's plan would only pay them the original price--southern states had less debt and felt they would have to pay more


He compromises and agrees to build the new national capital further south

Washington, D.C. is established
Hamilton's Plan
Hamilton's portrait on the $10.00 bill
The National Government gains money--and power
Hamilton wins--creates the Bank; congress passes tariffs--"taxes on imports"
Jefferson and Madison oppose
Hamilton favors the creation of a National bank
The Bank of the United States
The Government Forms
Alexander Hamilton
Henry Knox
Troubles in The World
How did the peace agreement with France affect the Federalists?
Exit Ticket: (3)
John Adams, Washington's vice president for two terms and Federalist candidate, wins with 71 electoral votes.

Second most votes were gained by Thomas Jefferson, Republican candidate.

Jefferson becomes Adams' vice president.

Adams/Jefferson administration inherits the France dispute.
Election of 1796
U.S.:

Textbook, pages 295-296
CAAT/Honors:

Textbook, pages 244-245
Close Read: The French Revolution
Despite pressure from his own Federalist Party to start a war, Adams tries again for peace--and gets it.
He loses re-election but does the right thing for the country
Adams: The Hero
French foreign minister Charles de Talleyrand demands enormous bribes to stop the attacks.
The dispatches are published--the public demands war
President Adams sends envoys to Paris
Since neutrality with Britain, France has considered the U. S. an enemy
French ships have attacked U.S. merchantmen
The XYZ Affair
CAAT/Honors: close read;textbook, pages 244-245
Smartboard: President John Adams, the Election of 1796.
Class Work: The Nation is Tested; matching worksheet
Date: Tues, 2-5
CAAT--Honors
Warm up: CAAT/Honors (14)
Read pages 212-213 (The light blue translation) and explain why the Twelfth Amendment was such a good idea.
The New Nation
Then:
recreate the diagram below and compare the two political parties and their beliefs about a national government from your reading
1) Charles de Talleyrand
2) Federalist
3) Democratic-Republicans
4) XYZ Affair
5) The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Assignment U.S.:
Key People and Terms
(On your notes paper, define the people and terms and tell why they are important) Pages 290-301 text.
Warm up:U.S. (14)
Read "Why It Matters"--page 294 and copy down the "Section Focus Question."
John Adams, the XYZ Affair
Close Read, pages 295-296-The French Revolution

Key Terms Pages 290-301 text.
U.S.
Assignment CAAT Honors:

Matching sheet--The Nation is Tested
Smartboard Review-The New Nation
John Adams: and the Alien and Sedition Acts
Notebook 2--The Alien and Sedition Acts
Read the Alien and Sedition Acts, page 261 and explain how the Sedition Act was motivated by politics.
Warm up CAAT/Honors (15):
Date:Wed, 2-6
CAAT/Honors
The New Nation
Fearing war with France, congress passes the Alien and Sedition acts
The Supreme Court is not organized and no precedent of Judicial Review exists.
Smartboard Review-Chapter 8-The New Nation
Brainpop-John Adams
Document Based Assessment, page 305 and answer analyzing documents, numbers 1-4.
Define the following terms:

1. partisan
2. sedition
3. implied powers
4. alien
Warm up U.S (15). :
U.S.
U.S.--The Alien and Sedition Acts
Close Read--pages 299-300.
Then
Do the "Five Headed Monster" on page 299
Wed, Feb 6th--The Alien and Sedition Acts
CAAT/Honors--Notebook 2
Assignments:
U.S.:
Tues, Feb 5th--The Alien and Sedition Acts Page 305, Text: Document Based Assessment--carefully examine documents A thru D, then do numbers 1-4 page 305
John Adams
What was the name of the bloody rebellion in Western Pennsylvania over taxes?
Exit Ticket: (6)
Notebook 3--New Nation Test Review
Assignments:
What was in the Treaty:
Thomas Pinckney was sent to Spain to settle the differences between the two nations
Gave Americans free navigation of the Mississippi River.

Right to trade at New Orleans.
Pinckney's Treaty
Britain withdrew from American soil.

Pay damages for ships they had seized.

Allow American ships to trade with British colonies in the Caribbean.

Settled debts from before 1776.
Jays Treaty
RATIFICATION
Hamilton calls for paying off all debts from the states and the Confederation governments


Citizens had bought bonds--they expected interest plus what they paid for the bond


Hamilton's plan would only pay them the original price--southern states had less debt and felt they would have to pay more


He compromises and agrees to build the new national capital further south

Washington, D.C. is established
Hamilton's Plan
Hamilton's portrait on the $10.00 bill
The National Government gains money--and power
Hamilton wins--creates the Bank; congress passes tariffs--"taxes on imports"
Jefferson and Madison oppose
Hamilton favors the creation of a National bank
The Bank of the United States
Washington sends John Jay, chief justice of the Supreme Court, to negotiate with Britain.
Outraged British warships stopped American Merchant ships and forced their crews to join the British navy.
April 22, 1793:
France tried to involve the United States in their conflict with Britain.
Proclamation of Neutrality- Prohibited American citizens from fighting in the war and barred French and British warships from American Ports.
Washington Proclaims Neutrality
Democratic-Republican Party
Federalist Party
Hamilton
VS.
Jefferson
The First Political Parties
Consider the difference between this and Shay's rebellion
Hearing of Washington's march, the rebellion crumbles before he can arrive...but the message is clear: any protest against government actions had better be peaceful
The government responds:

President Washington personally leads an army to crush the uprising.
Western Pennsylvania
Farmers protest a tax on whiskey and go on a rampage. Tax collectors are tarred and feathered--building burned
The Whiskey Rebellion
VS.
James Madison
Federalist
Thomas Jefferson
Anti-Federalist 
Sometimes great minds
don’t think alike!!
Essential Question
Why was the Bill of Rights necessary for ratification of the U.S. Constitution?
Two opposing points of view!!!
RATIFICATION
Smartboard Review-Chapter 7-The New Nation--Review New Nation.
H.W. Notebook 3
Warm up: CAAT/Honors (16)
Read pages 254-255, text How did the goals of the Federalists differ from those of the Democratic-Republicans?
Date: Thurs, 2-7
CAAT/Honors:
The New Nation
Despite pressure from his own Federalist Party to start a war, Adams tries again for peace--and gets it.
He loses re-election but does the right thing for the country
Adams: The Hero
French foreign minister Charles de Talleyrand demands enormous bribes to stop the attacks.
The dispatches are published--the public demands war
President Adams sends envoys to Paris
Since neutrality with Britain, France has considered the U. S. an enemy
French ships have attacked U.S. merchantmen
The XYZ Affair
Henry Knox
3) War Department
Alexander Hamilton
2) Treasury Department
Thomas Jefferson
Congress creates the 1st three departments of the Executive Branch:
The Government Forms
1) The State Department
Thurs, Feb. 7th--New Nation Review
Smartboard Review-Chapter 8-The New Nation
H.W. Review Worksheet
Quiz Tomorrow
Warm up U.S. (16) :
U.S.
Read page 296 and describes Jay's Treaty
U.S:
Internet device?
Go to: m.socrative.com
Log into room number: 211683
Take open note quiz: Bill of Rights
Fri, Feb. 8th--New Nation Quiz--Intro The Jefferson Era
CAAT/Honors
U.S.
New Nation Review
worksheet
Internet device?
Go to: m.socrative.com
Log into room number: 211683
Take quiz: New Nation 1
U.S. or CAAT/Honors
Jefferson Timeline
Jefferson Elected
1800
1802
Spain, under pressure, returns New Orleans and the Louisiana Territory
to Napoleon Bonaparte...and France
Alien and Sedition Acts either expire or are repealed
1800
Spain closes New Orleans to American shipping traffic
1802
Jefferson sends James Monroe and Robert Livingston to France to offer to buy the city of New Orleans for 10 million dollars
1802
Facing an uprising in the Caribbean and war with England, Napoleon offers to sell ALL of the Louisiana Territory to the U.S.
1803
Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel. The Federalist Party declines
1804
Merriwether Lewis and William Clark set out from St. Louis to look for the Northwest Passage
Lewis and Clark cross the Continental Divide and reach the Pacific. The Northwest Passage is proved to be a myth
1805
1806
1804
Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis in triumph.
U.S.: (17)
Review pages 299-300; How did the Alien and Sedition Acts violate the Constitutuion?
Quiz: New Nation 1
Timeline--The Jefferson Era
Warm up: CAAT/Honors (17)
Skim pages 260-61--
1) Explain how the XYZ Affair made Adams a model of civic virtue
Date: Fri, 2-10
All:
The New Nation
U.S. Page 291 Text
Caat/Honors: Page 254
Full transcript