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Literary Devices used throughout the novels of The Stranger

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Anysa Nunez

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of Literary Devices used throughout the novels of The Stranger

Thesis
The author in The Catcher in the Rye and the author of The Stranger are trying to convey the same message through the main characters. In this case it would be Holden and Meursault
.
In case some forgot what
The Stranger
was about...
In other words, The Stranger starts off...
Who are Albert Camus and J.D. Salinger?
J.D Salinger
The author of
The Catcher in the Rye
, J.D Salinger was born in New York City and was born into the jewish background. He attended college for a few years, but also flunked out of college (like Holden) but eventually went back. he was drafted into WWII in 1942, there is where he seen many traumatizing events and got glimpse of the hardships during and after war.
Albert Camus
Religion
In The Catcher the Rye
"Listen," he said, "I don't care what you say about me or anything, but if you start making cracks about my goddam religion, for Chrissake–"

"Relax," I said. "Nobody's making any cracks about your goddam religion." I got up off Ely's bed, and started towards the door. I didn't want to hang around in that stupid atmosphere any more
Religion
The Catcher in the Rye
Religion
The Stranger
Religion
The Stranger
Alienation
The Catcher in the Rye
Anyway, it was the Saturday of the football game. […] I remember around three o'clock that afternoon I was standing way the hell up on top of Thomsen Hill. […] You could see the whole field from there, and you could see the two teams bashing each other all over the place. […] You could hear them all yelling.
Alienation
The Catcher in the Rye
Introduction of The Catcher in The Rye
Alienation
The Stranger
Alienation
The Stanger
Loneliness
The Catcher in the Rye
The first thing I did when I got off at Penn Station, I went into this phone booth. I felt like giving somebody a buzz […] but as soon as I was inside, I couldn't think of anybody to call up. My brother D.B. was in Hollywood. My kid sister Phoebe […] was out. Then I thought of giving Jane Gallagher's mother a buzz […]. Then I thought of calling this girl […] Sally Hayes. […] I thought of calling […] Carl Luce. […] So I ended up not calling anybody. I came out of the booth, after about twenty minutes or so.
I got up and went over and looked out the window. I felt so lonesome, all of a sudden. I almost wished I was dead.
Boy, did I feel rotten. I felt so damn lonesome.
I just didn't want to hang around any more. It made me too sad and lonesome
Loneliness
The Stranger
I see the sky and that's all I see. I spend my days
watching how the dwindling of color turns day into night.
It occurred to me that anyway one more Sunday was over that Maman was buried now, that I was going back to work, and that, really, nothing had changed.
That’s when Maman’s friends came in. there were about ten in all, and they floated into the blinding light without a sound. They sat down without a single chair creaking. I saw them more clearly than I had ever seen anyone […]. But I couldn’t hear them, and it was hard for me to believe they really existed.
Mortality

The Catcher in the Rye
..He wrote them on it so that he'd have something to read when he was in the field and nobody was up at bat. He's dead now. He got leukemia and died when we were up in Maine, on July 18, 1946. You'd have liked him. He was two years younger than I was, but he was about fifty times as intelligent..
The Stranger
Maman died today. Or yesterday maybe, I don't know. I got a telegram from the home: "Mother deceased. Funeral tomorrow. Faithfully yours". That doesn't mean anything. Maybe it was yesterday.
The novel demonstrates the troubled and confused life of a teenage boy, Holden Caulfield. Holden lives in a world with "phonies" and practically hates everything and everyone, besides the term innocence and purity.He is telling his story while he's at a mental institution, so he obviously has physiological problems. But, he runs away to New York where there are hundreds of phonies there including Holden, because he was kicked out of another private school and didn't feel like facing his parents just yet . Throughout the novel, Holden wears a red hunting cap to hide away from society and his emotions , the author also illustrates many themes.
At a very dull and bitter tone, the protagonist, Meaursault, tells the readers that his mother has died but doesn't seem to care at all. At his mother's funeral, while family and friends were crying and mourning over the death of his beloved mother, Meursault doesn't show any emotion at all, not one tear was shed. He then develops the pressure from society from being the outcast and kills an man, mindlessly.
The author of
The Stranger
, he was born in French Colonial Algeria and became a french novelist. He lived a hard life because his father had died WWI and he lived in poverty which caused him to drop out of college because he couldn't afford to continue his education.He was married a few times, but ended up getting a divorce because he constantly cheated on his girlfriends because the love of his life had him heartbroken. During WWII, Camus began writing for anti- German groups and developed his view of the world and life during the time. He believed life was meaningless, that it did not have a purpose.
Then he looked at me closely and with a little sadness in his face. In a low voice he said, "I have never seen a soul as hardened as yours. The criminals who have come before me have always wept at the sight of his image of suffering." I was about to say that that was precisely because they were criminals. But then I realized that I was one too. It was an idea I couldn’t get used to.
"She was wearing a pair of my pajamas with the sleeves rolled up. When she laughed I wanted her again. A minute later she asked me if I loved her. I told her it didn't mean anything but that I didn't think so. She looked sad. But as we were fixing lunch, and for no apparent reason, she laughed in such a way that I kissed her."

Then he looked at me closely and with a little sadness in his face. In a low voice he said, "I have never seen a soul as hardened as yours. The criminals who have come before me have always wept at the sight of his image of suffering." I was about to say that that was precisely because they were criminals. But then I realized that I was one too. It was an idea I couldn’t get used to.
Finally, though, I got undressed and got in bed. I felt like praying or something, when I was in bed, but I couldn't do it. I can't always pray when I feel like it. In the first place, I'm sort of an atheist. I like Jesus and all, but I don't care too much for most of the other stuff in the Bible. Take the Disciples, for instance. They annoy the hell out of me, if you want to know the truth. They were all right after Jesus was dead and all, but while He was alive, they were about as much use to Him as a hole in the head....
Different themes presented in The Stranger and The Catcher in the Rye


By: Anysa Nunez & Chantel Raygoza

Conclusion
In conclusion, in both novels there was some similarities through the themes of the main characters such as loneliness, religion, Alienation, and mortality. Besides from the themes, there was also similarity through the authors like both were inspired by the wars to write a novel, possibly to express their emotions.
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