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Basinger operant conditioning

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Matt Basinger

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Basinger operant conditioning

I don't care what you say!!
Listen to me!!
Positive Reinforcer
Negative Reinforcer
Primary Reinforcer
Secondary Reinforcer
Aversive Control (Punishment)
Something pleasant is added after a desired action.
Examples:
praise
rewards
You did awesome on your last test! Good job!!
Reaction #One
Reaction #Two
"Thanks Mom!"
(Thinking) - I want that approval and recognition again, I will repeat what I did that caused that reaction.
"What? Ok. Cool."
(Thinking) - So, I didn't get into trouble the first time and basically got rewarded for not screwing up. Cool.
Something unpleasant is taken away.
Examples:
Longer curfew
No chores
Reaction #One
Reaction #Two
"Wow! You guys rock!" (Thinking) - My parents really love and trust me. I better keep doing good things to maintain this trust so I don't lose these privileges.
"I can trust you!
Satisfies a basic human need like hunger or thirst.
Examples:
ice cream
candy
soda
"You were so good at the store! Here's a candy bar.
Reaction #One
Reaction #Two
"That's awesome! I never get this kind of candy!" (Thinking) - This reward was pretty immediate, got to remember this for next time we're at Wal-Mart.
"Candy! Candy! Candy! Candy" (Thinking) - Do my hips look bigger to you?!
Something paired with a primary reinforcer that has some kind of value.
Examples:
money
credit cards
grades
"You did your chores! Here's five bucks."
Reaction #One
Reaction #Two
"Yes! I can go buy those new shoes I want!"
(Thinking) - I'm being treated like an adult! I do adult things and get adult rewards.
"Mom? Can I have another $20? All of the kids are going to see a movie and get Chinese."
(Thinking) - Cha-ching!
When unwanted behavior occurs, an unpleasant consequence is added to try to decrease the behavior. (a.k.a. punishment).
"That's it! Wait until your father gets home!
OR....
Reaction #One
Reaction #Two
"Ouch!!!! That sucked!!!!
(Thinking) - Ok, they mean business. Stop acting badly.
"Wahhhhh!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"
(Thinking) - I hate you! Don't look at me! Leave me alone! I'm going to take it out on my little brother!
"Ok. Cool! I'm going out."
(Thinking) - Again, I don't screw up and they reward me with more time with my friends. See ya!!
What do we do?
Learned Helplessness
Repeated attempts to control a situation fail.
Views the situation as uncontrollable.
Reactions:
depression
applied to other things in life
less motivated
stops trying
Known Treatments
Self-Control
Modeling
Token
Economies
Personal system of rewards and punishments to shape thoughts and behavior.
identify behavior
create a behavior contract
reward yourself
Learning by
copying
or imitating
behavior
Full transcript