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Transcript of Golgi Apparatus
Tom and Sam Lonsway
What is the job of the Golgi Apparatus?
The Golgi Complex, Body, or Apparatus modifies, packages, and distributes proteins and macromolecules throughout the cell.
It's often considered the distribution and shipping department for the cell's chemical products.
It modifies proteins and lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum and prepares these for transport.
The Golgi Apparatus is like a post office. It sorts the proteins, putting them where they should go, packages the proteins like mail, and sends the packaged proteins like a mail truck to the outside of the cell. It is like a UPS for the cell.
What depends on the Golgi Apparatus?
Endoplasmic reticulum, peroxisomes, ribosomes, and lysosomes depend on the Golgi Apparatus.
Since this organelle packages and distributes vesicles, many other organelles have to depend on the Golgi Apparatus to send off vesicles. The cell needs these packages.
Many organelles deliver and receive proteins and lipids.
THE MOST IMPORTANT ORGANELLE IN THE CELL!!!
The Golgi Apparatus is very important! It's the most important because of it's job!
This organelle takes in all the "deliveries" and turns them into products which are used by the cell.
So, without the Golgi Apparatus, the cell would stop receiving the substances it needs and most likely die.
Camillo Golgi was born July 7, 1843 in the small town of Corteno, in the province of Bresica. The son of a physician, he studied medicine at the University of Pavia.
When he graduated in 1865, he continued to work in Pavia at the Hospital of St. Matteo.
In 1897, Golgi first discovered the Golgi Apparatus. He termed it the "intracellular reticular apparatus".
He studied experimental pathology directed by Giulio Bizzozero.
Golgi's Life and Discoveries
The Golgi Apparatus was the first organellle to be observed.
Golgi first observed this organelle in 1897.
Camillo Golgi publicly announced his observsations in 1898.
The organelle was named after him, becoming universally known as the Golgi Apparatus.
Many scientists didn't believe Golgi's observation. They thought it was a visual distortion caused by staining.
What is the function of the Golgi Apparatus? (continued)
Proteins and lipids make there way to the Golgi Apparatus to be sent off to other parts of the cell.
Endoplasmic reticulum creates these proteins and lipids. These are then sent to the Golgi Apparatus.
The organelle packages the proteins into sacs called vesicles.
The vesicles fuse with the plasma membrane to release the proteins to the environment outside of the cell.
Camillo Golgi in his 70's
A younger photograph of Golgi
An older photograph of a younger Golgi
"Camillo Golgi - Biographical." Camillo Golgi - Biographical. Nobelprize.org, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2013.
Davidson, Michael W. "The Golgi Apparatus." Micro.magnet.fsu.edu. Molecular Expressions Cell Biology and Microscopy Structure and Function of Cells and Viruses., 13 Dec. 2004. Web. 10 Oct. 2013
"Golgi Apparatus." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Sept. 2013. Web. 10 Oct. 2013.