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C5 The Helping Process in Social Work with Groups

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Christian Erryl Mones

on 12 July 2014

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Transcript of C5 The Helping Process in Social Work with Groups

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THE HELPING PROCESS IN SOCIAL WORK WITH GROUPS
Assessment
Planning
Plan Implementation
Evaluation
Termination
Pre-Group Activities of the Social Worker
1. Conceptualizing the Group Service
2.
Announcing the Group Service and Recruiting Members
3.
Preparing Logistics
4.
Enlisting Community Support
Program Proposal
a) rationale
b) target client
c) the need/problem to be addressed
d) membership criteria
e) resource requirements
f) procedures for setting up the program
g) time frame
Individual-Focused Assessment and Planning
Pre-Group Interviews/Intake
a) the agency and its services
b) the agency's purpose for the group programs
c) agency expectations in terms of attendance and participation
d) activities that are likely to be undertaken
e) the duration of the group program
f) the basis for termination of membership
Individual Client Profile
a) Name and other basic identifying information
Action Planning
a) formulating goals
b) establishing specific helping plans
b) Needs/concerns/problems relevant to the group program
c) Strengths/resources and limitations
d) Worker's observations/comments
Group-Focused Assessment and Planning
Group Composition
a) Selection of Members
b) Size of the Group
Group Formation
a) Common group concern/problem
b) Norms and rules
c) Schedule and venue of group sessions
d) Group goals
3 Goal Perspectives
1. Member's Perspective
2. Worker's Perspective
3. Group System Perspective: Group Goals
Program Media
Uses of Program Media
1. Modify or change attitudes and behavior
2. Promote individual values such as emotional and intellectual growth
3. Influence group climate
4. Promote group interaction
5. Enhance/enrich group content
6. Promote desired group values
7. Facilitate the beginning, middle and ending stages of group life
Selection of Program Media
1. Goals for the group
2. Member's objectives for joining the group
3. Appropriateness in terms of time and space requirements
4. Age of group members
6. Cultural and ethnic background of the members
7. Physical characteristics of the members
5. Emotional and social characteristics of themembers
8. Mood of the group
9. Availability of materials or resources
10. Worker's skills and capacities
Other Goal-Related Activities
Plan Implementation
Refers to all activities, worker intervention and group action which the group system directs toward the achievement of individual and group goal
Aspects of Plan Implementation
1. Interventive Roles of the Worker
2. Resources and Services to be Used
3. Problems and Constraints
Worker Stances During the Helping Process
1. The Direct Stance
2. The Facilitating Stance
3. The Permissive Stance
4. The Flexible Stance
Evaluation
Records as Evaluation Tools
1. Pre-Group/Intake Interview Records
2. Individual Case Assessments
3. Statements of Group Concerns/Problems, Group Goals, and Plans
4. Attendance Records
5. Process or Summary Recordings of Group Sessions
6. Records of Marginal Interviews
7. Records of Collateral Interviews
8. Evaluation Records
9. Transfer/Closing Summaries
Parts of the Termination Phases
1. Pretermination
2. Termination
3.
Post-
termination
The worker assumes the major responsibility for organizing and convening the group, as well as in guiding the members, the group process, the discussion, and the flow of ideas and emotion.
The worker sees himself as a member of the group, although one with special expertise and different roles and functions from the group members.
This stance assumes that if correct group composition has been made, and the purpose and focus if the group is clear, the group will emerge because the participants have come together.
This stance simply means that the worker will change his stance in the course of a session or over a series of sessions.
THE HELPING PROCESS AND THE PHASES IN GROUP DEVELOPMENT
HELPING PROCESS
ASSESSMENT
PLAN IMPLEMENTATION
WORKER

A
C
T
I
V
I
T
I
E
S

Pre- Group Formation
Conceptualization
Announcing group formation
Recruiting members
Preparing logistics
Enlisting support
Focus: Individual
Pre-group interviews
Problem definition
Goal-formulation
Action planning
Focus: Group
Group composition
Group formation
Problem definition
Group Goal-Formulation
Action planning
(program media;
extra group activities)
PLANNING
EVALUATION
TERMINATION
Action/Intervention
Periodic evaluation
Terminal evaluation:
individual
group
Pre-termination
Twermination
Post-termination
Pre-Group Formulation
Group Formation
Intergration
Disintegration
Reintegration Phase
Group Functioning &
Maintainance Phase
Separation Phase
PHASES IN GROUP DEVELOPMENT
Pre-Group Activities of the Social Worker
1. Conceptualizing the Group Service
2. Announcing the Group Service and Recruiting Members
3. Preparing Logistics
4. Enlisting Community Support
Individual-Focused Assessment and Planning
1. Pre-group Interviews/Intake
2. Individual Client Profile
3. Case Assessment/Problem Definition
4. Action-Planning
Group-Focused Assessment and Planning
1. Group Composition
Selection of Members
Size of the Group
2. Group Formation
Common Group Concern/Problem
Norms and Rules
Schedule and Venue of Group Sessions
Group Goals
Worker Stances During Helping Process
1. Direct Stance
2. Facilitating Stance
3. Permissive Stance
4. Flexible Stance
Regular or Periodic Evaluation
means the on-going evaluation of actions taken during the period of plan implementation which provides feedbacks and enables the worker and client to consider the progress in their efforts and to modify these efforts if necessary.
Terminal Evaluation
follows implementation and is done primarily to assess the outcome of the helping efforts so that the termination of the helping relationship can be affected.
Personnel
Facilities
Materials
Full transcript