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The Afghanistan War

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by

Lauren Crain

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of The Afghanistan War

+
2001
2000
1998
THE AFGHANISTAN
WAR

2001-PRESENT
PRE WAR EVENTS:
ACTS OF TERRORISM:
CAUSES & INVOLVEMENT:
WAR BEGINS:
WAR CONTINUES:
1970's
SOVIET MILITARY TAKES
OVER AFGHANISTAN
LATE
1979
SOVIET UNION INVADES
COMMUNIST
EFFECTS:
RESISTANCE
DECEMEBER OF '79
WAR
AFGHANISTAN MUJAHIDEEN
VS. SOVIET UNION
MUJAHIDEEN:
guerilla fighters,
separate from the
government, led
by tribal leaders,
originally from
mountainous/
rural areas
AFGHAN REBELS
VS.
SOVIET UNION:
10 YEARS LATER
1989:
SOVIET
USA SUPPORTS MUJAHIDEEN
"FREEDOM FIGHTERS"
TROOPS
WITHDRAWAL
WHO GAINS POWER?
TALIBAN
MOVEMENT
ESTABLISHED
1991
FOUNDED BY:
MUSLIM STUDENTS
MULLAH
MOHAMMED
OMAR
HEADED BY
FALL 1998
TALIBAN CONTROLS
90%
OF AFGHANISTAN
LATE 1990'S
TALIBAN IS
LEGIT AFGHAN GOV'T
Communist GOV'T
COLLAPSES
AL-QA'EDAH
ANTI-AMERICAN
PROTECTED BY TALIBAN
1998
AUGUST 7TH
AUGUST 20TH
OCTOBER 12th
SEPTEMBER 11TH
US Embassy Bombing
OSAMA BIN LADEN
CAUSES:
INVOLVEMENT:
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
UNITED KINGDOM (BRITAIN)
CANADA
JAPAN
AUSTRALIA
NEW ZEALAND
POLAND
GERMANY
FRANCE
SOUTH KOREA
GREENLAND
ITALY
VS.
AL-QA'EDAH
TALIBAN
NATO (NORTH ATLANTIC TREATRY ORGANIZATION
ISAF (INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ASSISTANCE FORCE
RESTREPO
OCTOBER 12, 2001
"OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM"
"THE INVASION BEGAN WITH AN AERIAL BOMBARDMENT OF TALIBAN AND AL-QA'EDAH INSTALLATIONS IN KABUL, KANDAHAR, JALALBAD, KONDUZ, AND MAZAR-E-SHARIF. OTHER COALITION PLANES FLEW IN AIRDROPS OF HUMANITARIAN SUPPLIES FOR AFGHAN CIVILIANS."

"...THE COALITION BEGAN A GROUND INVASION, WITH NORTH ALLIANCE FORCES PROVIDING MOST OF THE TROOPS AND THE U.S. AND OTHER NATIONS GIVING AIR AND GROUND SUPPORT."
NOVEMBER 12TH
2001
MARCH
2002
"OPERATION ANACONDA"
2003-2010
"RENEWED TALIBAN INSURGENCY"
NOVEMBER
2008
MAY
2011
=
JULY
2010
APRIL
2011
1:04:1:15
RELIGIOUS DICTATORSHIP
STRICT INTERPRETATION OF THE ISLAMIC RELIGION (SHARIA)
OUTLAWED: SCIENTIFIC BELIEFS, RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE, TELEVISION BROADCASTS, MUSIC, LAUGHING/CLAPPING/CHEERING @ PUBLIC EVENTS, PHOTOGRAPHS/VIDEOS, FLYING KITES, SUITS AND TIES, BEAUTY PRODUCTS, ETC.
...PROBLEMS?
"THE SURGE"
"Our vital interests in Afghanistan are limited and military victory is not the key to achieving them. On the contrary, waging a lengthy counterinsurgency war in Afghanistan may well do more to aid Taliban recruiting than to dismantle the group, help spread conflict further into Pakistan, unify radical groups that might otherwise be quarreling amongst themselves, threaten the long-term health of the U.S. economy, and prevent the U.S. government from turning its full attention to other pressing problems." -- Afghanistan Study Group
Full transcript