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Human Cloning:

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Emily Hill

on 8 March 2014

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Transcript of Human Cloning:

Cons to Human Cloning
DNA Structure
Mutational Issues
When scientists try to clone animals, there is a low chance of the animal even being born, let alone living for a prolonged amount of time which means cloning humans would have a very low chance of working. With cloning, there is a high chance of the animal not having functioning organs to survive.

If scientists try to clone humans for organ transplants, they will not only be taking a life that they made, but they have the chance of the clones not having functioning organs to use as a donation for someone who is dying.

Conclusion
Human Cloning:
Why It Shouldn't Be Done.
Cloning should not be done for many reasons. First, when somebody needs an organ transplant they will get it from a clone and the clone will end up dying because of the loss of organs. Second, the majority of cloning attempts have ended in failure. Finally, there will come a point in time when there are so many clones that there will be little sense of individuality.
Protein Synthesis
Ethics of Human Cloning
Pros of Cloning
Cons of Human Cloning
Human Cloning can result in mutations
and about a 6% survival rate.
Human cloning should not be done because it is not a perfected art yet and the truth is is that we do not know enough about the human body to be able to do this. Also, even when the clone is a living human it will never be thought of as one. Finally, they will be used wrongly and soon after they are made the clone might get to the point where it hates natural humans and it will revolt.
Pros:
More exact organ donations.
Food sources replenished.
Could fill needed jobs for economic growth.
Organ transplant lists will be no more.
We will be able to understand the human gene better.
Create a better or stronger human.
New medical abilities.

*Genetic Science Learning Center. "What are the Risks of Cloning?." Learn.Genetics 19 February 2014 <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/cloning/cloningrisks/>
Cons:
You will still be killing a living or human.
Cloning is expensive.
Clones will gain feelings and attack people.
Countries could clone armies.
If everyone has the same genotype , a disease for that genotype could wipe out the entire race.
Killing another living thing.
Humans are of free will, they are not specimen.
Will make "bad" humans or deformed ones.
Against religion.
At least 95% of humans cloned have resulted in failure.
There is a possibility of faster aging.
There is a reduced sense of individuality.
It will reduce the overall value of human life.
Someone could use human clones to test products.
http://healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-human-cloning/
http://library.thinkquest.org/18258/cloning.htm
http://www.proconlists.com/list/technology-science/cloning/5624
http://healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-human-cloning/
http://library.thinkquest.org/18258/cloning.htm
http://www.proconlists.com/list/technology-science/cloning/5624
DNA has a double helix structure, which means that it is in a spiral like shape and it is double sided. It has four nitrogen bases in the structure of DNA, which look like rungs of ladders. The four nitrogen bases are Thymine(T), Adenine(A), Guanine(G), and Cytosine(C). They are all bonded together in a specific order which is T-A and G-C. The Nitrogen Bases are bonded together with hydrogen bonds at the middle. On the out side of the Nitrogen Bases there is Deoxyribose Sugar and a Phosphate Group. They alternate in order down the DNA strand. Each of the Nitrogen Bases are attached to the Phosphate Groups. DNA made for clones would already be structured by the scientists, so it has the possibility to have the same exact code of DNA as the parents.
13, September. "Genetic Mutations Are Part of Cloning Process, Scientists Find." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 13 Sept. 2002. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://articles.latimes.com/2002/sep/13/nation/na-clone13>.
http://www.biologycorner.com/bio1/DNA.html
h ttp://publicagendaarchives.org/files/charts/pcc_medresearch_oppose_cloning_religious_beliefs.png
Some of the ethical issues of cloning are:
Religious Belief and Control
Relationships and Individuality
Failure Rate
Killing a living thing for organs
Use of clones as "lab rats" for products
Could create deformed humans
For legal issues:
Illegal Cloning and Clones
Altering the Gene Pool

Putatunda, Rita. "Ethical Issues of Cloning." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 11 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ethical-issues-of-cloning.html>
Protein synthesis in clones is similar to what happens in humans. Since a human clone is supposed to work the same way as a human, the DNA and RNA work together to replicate genes, chromosomes, and proteins.
Understanding, Applications, and Ethics of Cloning
The Science of Cloning
Questionable Aspects of Cloning
Science Vs. Ethics
BY: Lucas Goodiel
Emily Hill
Jared Wood

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/493667/recombinant-DNA-technology
Putatunda, Rita. "Ethical Issues of Cloning." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 11 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ethical-issues-of-cloning.html>
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/493667/recombinant-DNA-technology
http://healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-human-cloning/
http://library.thinkquest.org/18258/cloning.htm
http://www.proconlists.com/list/technology-science/cloning/5624
h ttp://publicagendaarchives.org/files/charts/pcc_medresearch_oppose_cloning_religious_beliefs.png
*Genetic Science Learning Center. "What are the Risks of Cloning?." Learn.Genetics 19 February 2014 <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/cloning/cloningrisks/>
13, September. "Genetic Mutations Are Part of Cloning Process, Scientists Find." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 13 Sept. 2002. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://articles.latimes.com/2002/sep/13/nation/na-clone13>.
http://www.biologycorner.com/bio1/DNA.html

Bibliography
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