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Copy of Mali Empire Research Project
Transcript of Copy of Mali Empire Research Project
Emerged 1235 in Western Africa from the Kingdom of Kangaba and the Ghana Empire
Located between the West African goldmines and Niger River, which provided a rich agriculture.
In 1240 Mali absorbed Ghana and Songhai.
In 1250 Mali absorbed Tekruur.
In 1325 Mali was at the height of their empire with 50 million people.
During this time the empire covered more than 24,000 square kilometers (size of Western Europe).
The Rise of the Mali Empire
He was mansa (emperor) from 1312-1337
Mansa Musa broke the empire up into provinces, and in each province there was a governor who ruled. This allowed better control over the people.
He was a devout Muslim and made his pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324
and created economic inflation throughout the Mediterranean, especially Egypt. He was said to have given out free gold to people along his journey.
He ruled for 25 years.
The Fall of the Mali Empire
Each of the different ethnic groups in Mali had it's own language.
Linguistic diversity was a characteristic of Mali.
The people were organized into their own kingdoms with their own leaders as long as they swore loyalty to the Mali leader.
The indigenous languages of Mali included Malinke,and most languages were part of the Niger-Congo language family.
Sundiata was the most powerful and famous leader.
He ruled from 1235 to 1255. He called himself "mansa" or Emperor.
He gave rise to the Mali Empire in West Africa.
He understood how important trade was for the empire and made Niani their capital of trade.
Traditionally art was practical and had day-to-day meaning linked to religion, health, village harmony, and successful agriculture.
They made instruments, pottery, jewelery, sculptures, and textiles.
They had storytellers, called griots, who entertained the village.
Before the 13th century when Sundiata founded Mali they believed in the "spirits of the land".
The chiefs or leaders were believed to have the most direct relationships with the spirits of the land and was the guardian of the ancestors.
Sundiata founded the Mali Empire and from that point most of the rulers were Muslim.
Muslim was then slowly accepted into the Mali culture.
After Mansa's death, his sons could not maintain the empire (poor leaders).
The smaller states Mali had conquered broke off (lost Gao), and the empire collapsed.
An important trade center of Mali's called Songhai rose to power in its area.
Songhai kings took over the Mali area and extended the Songhai empire farther than Mali ever was.
Mali and Timbuktu manuscript
Quartz and Amazonite Beads
Animal-like sculpture used in rituals
Great Mosque of Djenne
Sundiata ruled with an
assembly of kings who put
forth a set of laws that
became the law of the land.
Mali gained control of
gold-producing regions and grew
wealthy from trade
(gold, salt, cloth,
books and copper)
Mansa Musa's Hajj
-Mansa Musa took a caravan of 12,000 officials and slaves and more than 80 camels (some estimates are higher). He took bags and bags of gold as well. He passed gold out freely on his hajj...so much that he ran out and borrowed more (he was good for it!)-spent over $100 million in today's money
-He brought world attention to the Mali empire
-He returned home with scholars, artists, poets and architects (As-Saheli). Timbuktu became a center for Islamic scholarship (studying and learning).