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Medicine, Gender and Society in the UK. (Unit 2)
Transcript of Medicine, Gender and Society in the UK. (Unit 2)
Introduction to Unit 2 assignment.
Critically discuss the causes and the impact of women's unequal status in society.
Analyse the different ways in which women act as unpaid health workers.
Evaluate the gender division in employment roles within caring professions.
Evaluate the sociological explanations of the power of medicine in society.
Impacts of women's unequal status in society.
There are four main sociologists that defined women's unequal status in society;
George Peter Murdock - biology and practicality.
Talcott Parsons - biology and the 'expressive' female.
John Bowlby - mother-child bond.
Ann Oakley - the cultural division of labour
Gender division in employment roles within caring professions.
Young establishment of gender roles
Sociological explanations of the power of medicine in society.
Ivan Illich - "Medical Nemesis"
Turner (and Foucault).
Doyle and Pennell.
Booth, R (2011). Doctor is awarded £4.5m compensation for workplace discrimination trauma. Available: http://www.theguardian.com/money/2011/dec/16/doctor-awarded-compensation-trauma-workplace Last accessed 22nd Nov 2013.
Campbell, D (2009). Male doctors earn £15,000 a year more than women, study reveals. Available: http://www.theguardian.com/society/2009/nov/10/pay-gap-salary-doctors-nhs
Ford, L (2013). A Woman's Job: Who cares about unpaid carers? Available: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/oct/07/woman-job-unpaid-carers Last accessed: 19th Nov 2013.
Giddens, A (1997). Sociology. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. p.118-119
Gilbert, N (2004). Occupational Gender Segregation. Available: http://sru.soc.surrey.ac.uk/SRU16/SRU16.html Last accessed on 16th Nov 2013.
Goldthorpe, J (1983). Sociology. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p.465-88.
Hall, L. A. (2013). Sex, Gender and Social Change in Britain since 1880. 2nd ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan
Haralambos & Holborn (2004). Sociology Themes and Perspectives. 4th ed. London: Unwin Hyman Ltd.
Illich, I et al (1977). Disabling Professions. London: Marion Boyars Publishers. p.20-21
Image 5 - http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2487879/Women-work-harder-men-especially-Italy-11-hours-week.html
Lecture Notes. (1`4/11/2013). Gender Inequalities.
Naidoo, J & Wills, J (2008). Health Studies. 2nd ed. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. pg.275
Oakley, A (2005). Gender, women and social science. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Senior, M & Viveash, B (1998). Health and Illness. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Skeggs, B (1997). Formations of Class & Gender. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Unit 2 booklet. Medicine, Gender and Society in the UK. pg. 5, p.28-29
Walby, S (1990). Theorizing Patriarchy. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Inc.
According to Randal, 1987, radical feminists have argued that we live in a patriarchal society in which women are systematically dominated by men in all areas of life. (Naidoo & Wills, 2008).
Ways in which women act as unpaid health workers.
Caring for children healthy or disabled.
Caring for elderly relatives - appointments, prescriptions, shopping etc...
"An endless cycle of cooking, cleaning and care giving at home can adversely affect a woman's health". (Ford, 2013).
Statistics relating to women's unpaid work.
Stats showing how many extra hours women spend on household duties compared to men around the world.
The British Medical Association state that "our results show that men and women with identical experience and expertise are paid differently - which suggests evidence of discrimination." (Campbell, 2009).
Goldthorpe (1983) argue that women can be ignored for the purposes of class analysis because their position is determined by that of the man with whom they live, either husband or father.
“Physicians had always determined what constitutes disease; dominant medicine now determines what diseases society shall not tolerate. Medicine invaded the courts.” (Illich, 1977).
Foucault strongly believes that “the body is increasingly something we have to ‘create’ rather than simply accept.” (Giddens, 1997. p.118-119).