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THE INFLUENCE OF CHILDHOOD ON ADULT RELATIONSHIPS!

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Yogita Gurung

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of THE INFLUENCE OF CHILDHOOD ON ADULT RELATIONSHIPS!

(AO1) Today we will be looking
at how childhood experiences influence adult Relationships. ATTACHMENT, CARE-GIVING & SEXUALITY. WHAT DOES 'RELATIONSHIP' MEAN ?  A RELATIONSHIP IS AN ENCOUNTER WITH ANOTHER PERSON OR WITH OTHER PEOPLE THAT ENDURES THROUGH TIME. WHAT DOES THIS TOPIC SUGGEST ? ALTHOUGH EVERYBODY'S CHILDHOOD IS UNIQUE PSYCHOLOGISTS HAVE IDENTIFIED THAT WHAT WE EXPERIENCE AS CHILDREN
INFLUENCES AND HAS AN IMPACT ON OUR FUTURE ADULT RELATIONSHIPS. CHILDHOOD PROVIDES US WITH MANY DIFFERENT EXPERIENCES,
EACH OF WHICH SHAPES HOW WE INTERACT WITH THE WORLD WHEN WE ARE OLDER. = = SHAVER et al (1988) CLAIMED THAT WHAT WE EXPERIENCE AS ROMANTIC LOVE IN ADULTHOOD IS AN INTEGRATION OF THREE BEHAVIOURAL SYSTEMS ACQUIRED IN INFANCY.

1. ATTACHMENT
2. CAREGIVING
3.SEXUALITY SYSTEMS YOU MAY REMEMBER FROM YOUR AS STUDIES JOHN BOWLBY'S THEORY OF ATTACHMENT... .or not...

HIS CONCEPT OF THE INTERNAL WORKING MODEL IS RELATED TO THE FIRST BEHAVIOURAL SYSTEM (ATTACHMENT).

ACCORDING TO BOWLBY (1969)

LATER RELATIONSHIPS ARE LIKELY TO BE A CONTINUATION OF EARLY ATTACHMENT STYLES (SECURE & INSECURE) BECAUSE THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE INFANT'S PRIMARY ATTACHMENT FIGURE PROMOTES AN INTERNAL WORKING MODEL OF RELATIONSHIPS WHICH LEADS THE INFANT TO EXPECT THE SAME IN LATER RELATIONSHIPS.
REMEMBER THIS MAN ? 2. CAREGIVING SYSTEM THE CAREGIVING SYSTEM IS KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HOW ONE CARES FOR OTHERS, LEARNED BY MODELING THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE PRIMARY ATTACHMENT FIGURE. 3. SEXUALITY SYSTEM THE SEXUALITY SYSTEM IS ALSO LEARNED IN RELATION TO EARLY ATTACHMENT.

FOR EXAMPLE INDIVIDUALS WHO SUFFERED FROM AN AVOIDANT ATTACHMENT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HOLD THE VIEW THAT SEX WITHOUT LOVE IS PLEASURABLE. 1. ATTACHMENT Physical abuse in childhood has a number of negative effects on adult psychological functioning:

Individuals who have experienced physical abuse in childhood are subsequently more likely to report increased rates of depression, anger and anxiety than non abused individuals.

Childhood sexual abuse has also been associated with psychological impairment in adult life. Research suggests that many victims of sexual abuse experience difficulties forming healthy relationships in adulthood.

Individuals who have experienced both forms of abuse in childhood develop a damaged ability to trust people and a sense of isolation from others which can prevent the development of romantic attachments in adulthood.
Van der kolk and Fisher (1994)

Found individuals who suffered childhood abuse also had difficulty forming healthy attachments and formed disorganised attachments instead.

These disorganised patterns of attachment lead to a difficulty in regulating emotions, a key aspect in forming and maintaining healthy relationship.







EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD ABUSE
ON LATER RELATIONSHIP

INTERACTION
WITH PEERS CHILDHOOD FRIENDSHIPS Research by Qualter and Munn (2005) has shown that children learn experiences with from other children.
Example: Teenagers may copy relationship that they see their friends in or parents, children who see their parents in abusive relationships may go on to have abusive relationships.

Children may develop a sense of values as a result of these interactions, this help to determine how they approach adult relationships.

Nangle et al. (2003) said that children’s friendships are a training ground preparing them for later adult relationships.
Example: As close friendships are charactised by a sense of intimacy, the sharing of secrets and personal information.

Having a friend to confined in promotes a feeling of trust, acceptance and a sense of being understood, characteristics which become crucial in later romantic relationships.
In later stages of childhood, attachment usually shifts from parents to peers.

Romantic relationships in adolescence serve a number of purposes,
They help achieve the goal of separation from parents, having shifted their attachment focus from parents to peers, adolescents can redirect intense interpersonal energy towards their romantic partner.

Romantic relationships allow the adolescent to gain a type of emotional and physical intimacy that is quite different from that experienced with parents.

Madsen (2001)
Tested effects of dating behaviour in adolescence (15-17 ½) on the quality of young adult romantic relationships (20-21)

What did she find?
Found that that moderate or low dating frequency predicted higher quality young adult relationships
Heavy dating predicted poorer quality young adult relationships.
This suggests some dating in adolescence is advantageous for adult relationship quality, but too much can be maladaptive.
ADOLESCENT RELATIONSHIP
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