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Transcript of American Revolution
The Intolerable Acts served as a punishment mainly for the Massachusetts Bay colony, but also served as a warning to the other colonies as well
The British closed the Boston Harbor because of the Boson Tea Party.
He wrote the Declaration of Independence
He was born on April 13, 1743, Shadwell VA
Third President of the U.S
He married Martha Jefferson in 1772
He was the youngest delegate in the Continental Congress
He was a member of the Son's of Liberty
A: John Adams
B: Battle at Bunker Hill
On June 17,1775 the British defeat the Colonists in Massachusetts
Helped build confidence of the colonists
Minor war in the beginning of the Revolution
Took place at Breed's Hill
C: Continental Congress
The first Continental Congress was formed in response to the Coercive Acts
The second Continental Congress took place during the Revolutionary War
The Continental Congress served as a government for the 13 colonies (except Georgia)
D: Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson
The Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, which is now celebrated as independence day
Before the Declaration of Independence, many documents were sent out trying to get people to help the Congress defeat Britain
John Adams born in the Massachusetts Bay colony in 1735
He was a delegate in the first and second Continental Congress
He helped to settle the Treaty of Peace
He was the first vice president
John was also the second president
Was the cousin of Samuel Adams
"Liberty once lost is lost forever"
"Genius is sorrow's child"
Quote: "Don't fire until you see the white's of their eyes"
Did you know? Georgia did not participate in many of the rebellions and fights because they were fighting a war with the Native Americans and were dependent on Britain for weapons.
"All men are created equal"
"We hold these truths to be self evident"
E: Eloquent Speaker Patrick Henry
Most known for his speech that got people excited about the Revolutionary War, and defeating Britain
Born on May 29, 1736
Patrick Henry was at first a lawyer
"Give me Liberty or give me death!"
"I smell a rat."
"If this be treason, make the most of it!"
F: Franklin, Benjamin
Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706
He helped gain the French as allies for the Revolutionary War
In his later years he was a successful inventor
"There never was a good war or a bad peace"
"Three may keep a secret if two of them are dead"
"Remember that credit is money"
G: General George Washington
George Washington was born on February 22, 1732
He served as the general during the Revolutionary War on the side of the colonists
He would later become the president of the Unites States of America
Did you know? George Washington was only the first OFFICIAL first president of the USA. The first president was an African American named John Hanson.
H: Harbor; Boston Tea Party
The Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773
The colonist rebelled with the Boston Tea party because of the Tea Act the British government imposed
Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty boarded the ship that night
Did you know? Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty boarded the ship disguised as American-Indians so no one would recognize them.
J: Jefferson, Thomas
Did you know? Thomas Jefferson died on July 4, which is also Independence day.
Another did you know? Thomas Jefferson had four daughters and only one son.
K: King George III
He wanted to rule the colonies
He was born on June 4, 1738
He kept imposing taxes upon the colonists to get money for England
"Nothing of importance happened today."
"A traitor is everyone who does not agree with me."
"Born and educated in this country, I glory in the name of Britain."
L: Lord Cornwallis
Was the British general who surrendered at Yorktown in 1781
His full title is Charles Cornwallis, 1st of the Marquess Cornwallis
Born on December 31, 1738
"Against so powerful an attack, we cannot hope to make a very long resistance."
"In that case the blame will fall on Clinton and not me."
M: Boston Massacre
Occurred on March 5, 1770
The colonists started to throw rocks, and snowballs at the British because they didn't want them there. The British fired at the crowd and three people died, and wounded 8 others.
The Boston Massacre was a signal event leading to the Revolutionary war.
Did you know? John Adams wasn't the only one defending the British. Another man named Josiah Quincy Jr. questioned witnesses and another man named Robert Auchmuty carried out some pieces of the summation for the jury.
N: Neutralist, Patriot, Loyalist
People had different opinions during the revolutionary war. Patriots wanted freedom/independence from Great Britain and its king. They thought that taxing them without their opinion violated their rights as British citizens. The Loyalists were loyal to King George III. The Neutralists didn’t want to fight. They didn't agree with the Patriots or the Loyalists.
Patriot-" Where liberty dwells, there is my country" - Benjamin Franklin
Loyalist- Mankind are governed more by their feeling than by reason."
Neutralist- "They shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, and either shall they learn war any more".- Unknown
O: Old North Bridge: Battle of Lexington and Concord
The battle started with the shot heard 'round the world
The battle started on April 19, 1775
When it was too much, the Americans withdrew from the battle, however when the British got to Concord, the Americans were waiting
Paul Revere made his famous midnight ride
"Account of Midnight Ride to Lexington" - Paul Revere
Did you know? Minutemen were army soldiers who were ready to fight at any minute, hence the name minutemen.
P: Paine, Thomas
He was the writer of the small pamphlet "Common Sense".
Born February 9, 1737, in Thetford U.K
Died June 8, 1809
He was also a motivational speaker and helped get people get excited about helping the colonists win over Britain
" We have it in our power to begin the world over again."
"Lead, Follow,, or get out of the way."
"Character is much easier kept then recovered."
Q: Quartering Act
The Quartering Act stated that colonists had to let British soldiers stay at their house, even if you were against them or you didn't know the person
The Quartering Act was another Act that made people angry with the British government
Colonists said that the Quartering Act violated the bill of rights
The act was passed on March 24, 1765
Did you know? King George III only made this Act because he wanted to save money and he wanted to anger the colonists.
R: Revere, Paul
Paul Revere was born on January 1, 1735, in Boston, Massachusetts. His father died when he was 19, leaving him to take care of his business and also his mother. Revere married Sarah Orne in 1757, and they had 8 children. Sarah died in 1773. After her death he married Rachel Walker, and they had another 8 children. During Revolutionary time Revere spied on the British and reported where they were going. Paul Revere was at the Boston tea party. On April 18, 1775 at 10 pm Paul rode to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams that the British were coming.
Did you know? Paul Revere wasn't really the one who carried the message across to the colonists. It was a man called William Dawes. He escaped the British and ran with his horse and told everybody that "The British are coming!"
S: Saratoga, Battle of
The Battle of Saratoga took place on October 17, 1777
The British troops surrendered to the American army
Was the turning point in the Revolutionary War
Did you know? Burgoyne surrendered within only 10 days, which is why the battle is called The Battle of Saratoga. Saratoga means two battles.
“We've been to Del Mar, Saratoga, following him wherever he rode,” - David Spears
T: Battle of Trenton
The Battle of Trenton was a battle between General George Washington and Colonel Rahl
It took place on December 26, 1776
This battle took place near the Delaware river and Trenton New Jersey
U: Uniform, British and American
The American/patriot uniforms were Blue in the battles
The British/loyalist uniforms were Red in the battles
All soldiers carried a gun, pistol or any other type of weaponry
Did you know? The British Army would wear red so no one would know that they are bleeding and would not get scared and run away.
V: Valley Forge, Winter of
The Winter of Valley Forge took place on December 19, 1777
In this fight many of the American Soldiers were wounded, bloody, sick, in need of food, and in need of clothing
The Winter of Valley Forge marked the near end of the Revolutionary War
Did you know? To keep his army from deserting him, George Washington threatened to shoot or severely punish anyone who decided to leave the army. Anyone who would stay he would praise and be in awe of for being so brave and for having patience.
W: Wheatley, Phyllis
Phyllis Wheatley was the first lady African-American poet to be published and the second published African-American
Born in 1753 in West Africa
She wrote many poems such as
"A Hymn to Humanity", "Rebus", "Goliath of Gath"
and much more.
"Through thickest gloom look back, immortal shade, on that confusion which thy death has made."
"Enlarge the close contracted mind, and fill it with thy fire"
X: Export and Import
England used to send food and supplies until the colonists kept on getting taxed. Then they had to find their own food
Many people had slaves to help out in the plantations
America had a lot of foreign aid, such as France
Did you know? Since America couldn't get supplies from England anymore, they traded throughout the U.S.A, with things like cotton, crops and tobacco.
Y: Yorktown, the Battle of
The Battle of Yorktown was the last battle in the Revolutionary War
Happened on September 28, 1781
It is where Lord Cornwallis (see other slide) surrendered to the American Army
Cornwallis surrendered on October 17, 1781
Did you know? The man who took Lord Cornwallis's sword was General Benjamin Lincoln. He accepted the sword while the British band played "The World's Turned Upside Down".
Z: Ze End: Treaty of Paris
On September 3, 1783 the Treaty of Paris was formally signed marking that the United States of America was a free and independent country
The negotiations for peace began in 1782
Did you know? The whole Revolutionary War took eight years to battle and win!
Did you know? The Battle of Trenton was the first major win for the American Army.
By: Anna Mazhar and Muskan Bhatia
THANKS FOR WATCHING!!!