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Transcript of Sri Lanka
All the facts on Sri Lanka and how they live!
Sri Lanka is an island that looks like this
and is 31km off the coast of India.
The capital city is Colombo, which is 5degrees 55' to 9degrees 50' N, 79 degrees 42' to 81 degrees 53' E.
Sri Lanka is south-east of India, and shaped like a pear. Geologists believe it was once under the sea, but earthquakes pushed it up above the water. There are South-central hills crowned with mountains that slope sharply into valleys in the country.
In Sri Lanka, they have earthquakes
at times. The south-central part of Sri Lanka is a rough plateau cut by a range of mountains whose highest peak is Pidurutalagala.
Nearly 70% of Sri Lankans are Bhudists,
15% are Hindus,
8% are Muslims, and
7% are Christians.
The longest river, flowing northeastward, is the Mahaweli Ganga, with a total length of 332 kilometers (206 miles).
The largest lake is the man made Meduru Oya Reservoir, which covers an area of 36 square kilometers (24 square miles).
All education from kindergarten to college is free. Education is compulsory for 10 years, except for when schools aren't in walking distance. There is 5 yrs of elementary school, 6yrs of lower secondary, and 2yrs of higher secondary school.
Sinhala is the official language
Tamil is the national language
English is used by 10% of the total population and is used commonly in government.
While Sri Lanka remains a primarily agricultural country expansion of the economy since 1980 has been fueled by strong growth in industry services. Economic expansion has been led by manufactures, particularly in textiles and apparel, which is also the leading earner of foreign exchange. Tourism is the second-largest foreign exchange earner.
Sri Lanka has neither summer nor winter but only rainy and dry seasons. Average rainfall varies from 63 centimeters (25 in) to 510 centimeters (200 in), with most of the rain coming during the monsoon season. The average temperature is 80 F
Tea production in 1999 was 280,000 tons. Rubber production was 96,000 tons and coconut production totaled 1.85 million tons. Rice is the major staple crop, produced over much of the country.
The staple food is rice eaten with Curry. Two other staples are hoppers and spring hoppers, similar to pancakes, the latter resembling a circular pancake of netted dough springs. Tea is the most widely drunk beverage in Sri Lanka. Two are believed to be good for your health. Sri Lanka is a tropical fruit paradise, with varieties to please every taste. Wood apples and passion fruit are used to make jams. Pawpaw and papaya, is considered a health food.
Some natural resources that people rely on are water, food(fruit), limestone, phosphates, graphite, clay, mineral sands, hydro power, and gems.
The girls usually wear sari's or lamas.
The boys and men wear sari's, sarong and shirts.
At parties, younger girls would wear a panjani and men would wear a suit or salvar.
Imports: Textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, food stuffs, machinery & transportation equipment.
Exports: Textiles, apparel, tea, spices, diamonds, emeralds, rubies, coconut products, rubber manufactures & fish.
These are some animals and envirnment spaces in Sri Lanka
The Sri Lankan national anthem
Human Environmental Interactions
Imports & Exports
People adapting to the environment
In January 2011 ongoing storms have dumped more rain in one eastern district of Sri Lanka than witnessed in a century, so Sri Lankans need to adapt to the rain and the earthquakes.