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OSHA

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Melissa Hernandez

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of OSHA

To assure safe and healthful workplaces by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance OSHA MISSION STATEMENT The right to a SAFE Workplace OSHA Act of 1970 WHO IS
COVERED
UNDER OSHA? OSHA covers private sector employers and employees in all 50 states,s either directly through Federal OSHA or through an OSHA-approved state program. State-run health and safety programs must be at least as effective as the Federal OSHA program.
Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and the Virgin Islands .have OSHA approved plans that cover public sector employees only. Who is NOT Covered? Employer Responsibilities: Dangerous Situations
at W rk Additional
Info OSHA Inspections: Inspections are Conducted without advance notice
Can be On-site inspections, or Phone/Fax investigations
Highly-trained compliance officers
Inspection Priorities:
Imminent danger
Catastrophes
Worker complaints and referrals
Targeted inspections
high injury/illness rates, severe violators
Follow-up inspections CITATIONS OSHA must issue a citation and propose a penalty within 6 months of violation
Citations describe requirements violated
Proposed penalties are given a deadline for correcting alleged hazards
Categorized as other-than-serious, serious, willful, repeated and failure to abate
Penalties range up to 7,000 to 70,000
May be reduced based on employers good faith, inspection history, and size of business APPEALS OSHA offers employer an informal conference with Area Director to discuss citations, penalties, etc.
Alternatively: employers can formally contest alleged violation and/ or penalty to Area Director though written notice
Contest is forwarded and taken by OSH Review Commission for independent review
Citations, penalties, and abatement dates not challenged by employer or settled become final order of OSH Review Commission Worker Training
Broad selection of occupational safety and health classes designed for workers and employers are offered through Outreach Training Program and OTI Educational Center Program
Includes 10-30 hr worker classes, multi-day training classes by topic, short courses and seminars
Grants
Susan Harwood Training Program awards grants to nonprofit organizations to develop training and educational programs to workers and employer
OSHA Training Institute
Provides occupational health and safety compliance training for federal and state compliance officers and agency personnel
Training Materials
Grantee Developed Materials, Trainer Materials, Videos for Loan Occupational Safety and Health Act; primary federal law which governs occupational safety and health in the US.
It was enacted in 1970 and signed by president Nixon on Dec 29
Its main goal was to provide the safest environment such as exposure to toxic chemicals, excessive noise levels, mechanical danger or unsanitary conditions State and Local Gov. Employees are not covered by Federal OSHA, but have OSH Act protections if they work in a state that has an OSHA
approved state program.
Self-employed
Immediate family members of farm employers that do not employ outside employees
Workplace Hazards regulated by another Federal agency (for example, the Mine Safety and Health Administration, the Federal Aviation Administration, the Coast Guard). Federal agencies must have a safety and health program that meet the same standards as private employers. Although OSHA does not fine federal agencies, it does monitor federal agencies and responds to workers' complaints. The United States Postal Service (USPS) is covered by OSHA. Private Sector Workers Federal Government Workers Risks should be minimized by making changes in working conditions rather than just relying on personal protective equipment (PPE).
Inform employees about hazards
Keep accurate records of work-related injuries and illnesses.
Perform tests in the workplace
Provide hearing exams or other medical tests required by OSHA standards.
Post OSHA citations, injury and illness data, and the OSHA poster in the workplace visible to all
Must notify OSHA within 8 hours of a workplace incident in which there is a death or when three or more workers go to a hospital.
Must not discriminate or retaliate against a worker for using their rights under the law. Employees may file a complaint with OSHA concerning a hazardous working condition at any time.
1. IF the condition clearly presents a risk of death or serious physical harm
2. AND there is not sufficient time for OSHA to inspect
3. AND the condition has been brought to the attention of your employer, the employee may have a legal right to refuse to work in a situation in which they would be exposed to the hazard. Worlds Deadliest Job OSHA Training Commercial Fishing What they do: Work on commercial boats. Fishers catch fish and other aquatic animals to sell as food, animal feed, bait and other uses. Dangers: rough weather, often hundreds of miles from shore with no help readily available, risk falling on slippery decks, potential hazards of malfunctioning fishing gear and becoming entangled in large nets. Did You Know... NIOSH maintains the Commercial Fishing Incident Database (CFID), a surveillance system for workplace fatalities in the commercial fishing industry in the United States
During 2000-2010, an annual average of 46 deaths occurred (124 deaths per 100,000 workers), compared with an average of 5,466 deaths (4 per 100,000 workers) among all U.S. workers.
545 commercial fishermen died while fishing in the U.S.
More than half of all fatalities (279, 51%) occurred after a vessel disaster
Another 170 (31%) fatalities occurred when a fisherman fell overboard
Another 56 (10%) fatalities resulted from an injury on board
The remaining 40 (7%) fatalities occurred while diving or from onshore injuries Take a marine safety class at least once every 5 years
Find a comfortable PFD and wear it on deck at all times
Do monthly drills including abandon ship, flooding, fire, and man overboard
Heed weather forecasts and avoid fishing in severe sea conditions
Maintain watertight integrity by inspecting and monitoring the hull of the vessel, ensuring that watertight doors and hatches are sealed, and inspecting and testing high water alarms regularly
Utilize a man overboard alarm system
Test immersion suits for leaks if operating in cold water NIOSH
Recommends: Fisherman
Should:
Conduct monthly drills including abandon ship, flooding, fire, and man overboard
Install a man overboard alarm system, and man overboard retrieval devices
Install emergency stop (e-stop) devices on hydraulic deck machinery to prevent entanglement injuries
Ensure all crew members have completed marine safety training in the past 5 years NIOSH recommends
that all vessel owners/operators should: OSHA Confined Space Safety on Commercial Fishing Vessels Generally, anything that relates to the harvesting of fish or the normal operation of a vessel is governed by the U.S. Coast Guard.
OSHA regulates activities that are covered under the general industry (29 CFR Part 1910) and shipyard employment (29 CFR Part 1915) standards within three nautical miles of the coast line, except for the Gulf coast of Florida, Texas, and Puerto Rico Atmospheric Hazards Include
Oxygen Levels
Toxic Chemicals
Flammable Atmospheres: Fall Protection & Confined Space
Safety for Commercial Fishing Three main atmospheric hazards may be encountered in confined/enclosed space.
Atmospheric hazards Include:
Oxygen Levels
Toxic Chemicals
Flammable Atmospheres Work Practices on Vessels that Commonly
Require Fall Protection
•Painting outside vessel rails
•Welding on the outside of a vessel’s hull
•Work on gantries or masts
•Work on fishing gear (stacks of pots) Use proper equipment, not body belts or ropes
around the waist.
Identify all fall hazards and, where possible, use
handrails, chains, and ropes to protect against
hazards such as unprotected deck
openings/edges
and stairwells to eliminate fall hazards.
Establish a proper gangway or ladder to board
vessels.
Practice good housekeeping. Keep equipment such
as cords and fishing lines out of walkways and
work areas.
Do not use cranes to hoist workers unless the crane is specifically approved for lifting personnel Safe Fall Protection
Practices Benefits of SAFETY Precautions During 2006, the “fishing derby” system was replaced by a new catch-share system
catch-share system allows for bigger and safer boats with fewer traps meaning less likely to capsize
With new system, government set a limit on how much crab fishermen could catch; protection of the crab populations is secured
More profit and job stability for fisherman
Tighter coast guard requirements has aided in improving safety as well What Can the Employee Do? REFERENCES Campbell, S. (2011, Nov 14). Making 'the deadliest catch' less deadly. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/903651506?accountid=10901

Christie, L. (2012). 'Deadliest Catch' not so deadly anymore . CNN Money. Retrieved March 28 2013 from http://money.cnn.com/2012/07/27/pf/jobs/crab-fishi ng-dangerous-jobs/index.htm

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Seafood Business Sept. 2010: 8. Academic OneFile. Web. 7 Apr. 2013.

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Retrieved March 28 2013 from http://www.OSHA.gov

US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012). Injuries, illnesses, and fatalities: Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) Retrieved March 28 2013 from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/fishing/ About OSHA Federal OSHA is a small agency, with approximately 2,200 inspectors responsible for the health and safety of 130 million workers
Employed at more than 8 million worksites around the nation — which translates to about one compliance officer for every 59,000 workers.
Federal OSHA has 10 regional offices and 90 local area offices.
4,609 workers were killed on the job in 2011 — almost 90 a week or nearly 13 deaths every day. Celina Feranandez
Gabriela Gonzalez
Kayla Gonzalez
Melissa Hernandez
Claudia Saavedra
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