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Athena

The Goddess of Wisdom.
by

Alex Krell

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Athena

ATHENA The goddess of wisdom Parents
Athena is the daughter of Zeus and Metis. The story goes that one day, Zeus was experiencing a horrible headache. He summoned his son Hephestus to take an axe and split his head open so that the headache would leave (the origin of the term "a splitting headache"). When Hephestus cracked open his father's head, Athena, fully grown and dressed for battle, jumped out. Since Athena came from her father's head, she was the godess of wisdom. Place of Residence
Athena lives on the summit of Mount Olympus with the other Greek gods, where she had a palace. Homer says Hephaestus built palaces of gold and bronze for all the gods on Olympus.
Athena's favourite city was Athens, which is often refered to as her "home". There was the Parthenon temple on the Acropolis. Gods were believed to live in the temple when the locals were celebrating a festival. For Athens this was the time of the Panathenaea festival which was held in honor of Athena. The Panathenaea festival had colorful parades, elaborate sacrifices and other rituals. Power and Responsibilities
Athena is the Goddess of wisdom, of household arts and crafts and of spinning and weaving of textiles. She is the inventor of the flute, the plough and the ox-yoke, the horse bridle and the chariot. She has been the epitome of wisdom, maturity, and responsibility since her birth. The protector of Athens and a counselor of men, Athena was the favored Greek goddess who defied the laws of mortals and immortals alike. She is the defender of heroes, champion of justice and civil law. Athena is known to be closely associated with the owl, which is a sign of wisdom, Athena's trademark.
Athena was the protector of Athens, the virgin goddess of war and wisdom, and the patroness of the arts and crafts.
Athena also lead others into battle, but for a just cause only. Relationship and Marital Status
Athena was unmarried and widely known for being a virgin, therefore she has not had any spouses. Children
Athena is the mother of Erichthonius, even though she was a virgin who had sworn an oath of chastity. In reality, she was actually the foster mother of Erichthonius, who had been born from Hephaestu's spilled seed after he had unsuccessfully attempted to rape her. Even after that attempted rape, Athena never blamed the male sex in general for the actions of one particular God, and she continued to remain equally protective of both men and women. Physical Descriptions
-Athena is depicted as a young woman.
-She has shoulder length, blond hair.
-In her right hand she holds a two-edged golden sword with large rubies on both ends of its crossguard.
-In her left hand she holds a balance, which is a copper crossbeam with a green patina, from which are suspended two silver paraboloid shaped bowls. Each marked with an alpha and an omega.
- She is dressed in a green himation or cloak, which mostly covers a long, blue peplos or robe.
-On her chest is the aegis, a red goat-skin fringed with snakes, in the center of which is the Gorgon Medusa's face
Personality Traits
In Greek mythology Athena is the patron goddess of Athens, Greece. She is the goddess of strategic warfare and heroic endeavor. Her greatest personality traits consist of wisom, fairness, and strength. She was called upon by many heroes for advise and protection. She was also a virgin goddess which made her independent and strong. Also, as Zeus's favorite daughter, she played the role of adviser and was very fair and wise. Athena in the Odyssey
In The Odyssey, Athena has an extensive and caring relationship with Odysseus. At the beginning of the poem, Athena pleads with her father Zeus to allow her to help Odysseus so he can go home to his family.
Athena helps to make Telemakhos brave and hopeful for his father to return home, giving him the courage and direction he lacked without his father for the first twenty years of his life. Bibliography:

ATHENA : Greek Goddess of Wisdom, Crafts & War | Mythology, Athene, W/ Pictures | Roman Minerva." ATHENA : Greek Goddess of Wisdom, Crafts & War | Mythology, Athene, W/ Pictures | Roman Minerva. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.
"Athena, Goddess of Wisdom." Athena, Goddess of Wisdom. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Herakles/athena.html

"Athena." Athena. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.http://www.greekmythology.com/Olympians/Athena/athena.html

"Athena." Athena. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2012.
http://www.pantheon.org/articles/a/athena.html

"The Goddess Athena." The Goddess Athena. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2012.
http://www.goddess-athena.org/Encyclopedia/Athena/

"Athena." Athena. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2012.
http://www.mythweb.com/gods/athena.html

"Athena." Athena. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.
http://www.arthistory.sbc.edu/imageswomen/papers/stebbinsathena/athena2.html

"Profile of the Greek Goddess Athena." About.com Ancient / Classical History. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.
http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/grecoromanmyth1/p/Athena.htm Symbols
Athena (also known as Pallas Athene and the Roman goddess Minerva) is often represented by symbols associated with her wisdom and leadership. It isn't surprizing that many of the ikons representing civilization are derived from the ancient goddess symbols of Athena.

-Animals:Owl (wisdom), dove (victory), ram, eagle, tiger, leopard, and other cats.

-General:Sun, golden shield and helmet, spear, spindle, bowl, intertwined snakes, the Parthenon, the seven auras, and the Number 7

-Plants: Geranium, tiger lily, oak, cypress, olive tree, Hellebore (Christmas and Lenten roses), and citrus trees By:Alex Krell
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