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Elements of Art
Transcript of Elements of Art
ACTUAL texture really exists, so you can feel it or touch it. You can create actual texture in an artwork by changing the surface, such as sticking different fabrics onto a canvas. Combining different material techniques can create interesting textures.
SIMULATED texture is created using marks to represent actual texture. It gives the illusion of a texture or surface but if you touched it, it would be smooth. You can create visual texture by using different lines, shapes, colours or tones. Think about how different marks can be used to show texture. ELEMENTS
ART LINE SHAPE/FORM TEXTURE * A LINE is a dot that went for a walk... - Paul Klee * A sculptor is a person who is interested in the SHAPE of things, a poet in words, a musician by sounds. - Henry Moore The TEXTURE is the quality of a surface, often corresponding to its tactile character, or what may be sensed by touch. Texture may be used, for example, in portraying fabrics. It can be explicitly rendered, or implied with other artistic elements such as lines, shading, pattern & variation of colour. A LINE is a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point.
A LINE is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. A SHAPE is an element of art. Specifically, it is an enclosed space, the boundaries of which are defined by other elements of art (i.e.: lines, colors, values, textures, etc.). Amorphous Geometric Organic FORM is an element of art. At its most basic, a FORM is a three-dimensional geometrical figure (i.e.: sphere, cube, cylinder,cone, etc.), as opposed to a SHAPE, which is two-dimensional, or flat.
In a broader sense, FORM, in art, means the whole of a piece's visible elements and the way those elements are united. In this context, form allows us as viewers to mentally capture the work and understand it. "TEXTURE is the most enduring and ubiquitous underpinning of form... certainly a calming, meditative and appealing world for both the eye and mind" - Lynda Lehmann Abstracted Simulated Actual VALUE I prefer to limit the number of colours on my palette and focus
instead on VALUE and temperature contrasts to enhance
the rhythm and drama of my paintings. -Sergei Forostovskii VALUE refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. VALUE becomes critical in a work which has no colors other than black, white, and a gray scale. For a great example of value in action, think of a black and white photograph. You can easily visualize how the infinite variations of gray suggest planes and textures. Value gives the artist the means of showing subtle changes in a form's surface-state, and it helps clarify the relative distance between forms. -Nathan Goldstein LINE Gestural Varied Line Weight Expressive SHAPE/FORM 2D Shapes 3D Forms SHAPE/FORM "Our knowledge of shape and form remains, in general, a mixture of visual and of tactile experiences... A child learns about roundness from handling a ball far more than from looking at it." - Henry Moore SHAPE/FORM *shape, form - the spatial arrangement of something as
distinct from its substance; "geometry is the mathematical
science of shape"
*shapelessness - an amorphous or indefinite shape; "a
*blob - an indistinct shapeless form AMORPHOUS SHAPE: An ill-defined or arbitrary shape LINE SHAPE/
PATTERN VALUE TEXTURE The feel or shape of a surface or
substance; the smoothness, roughness,
softness, etc. of something. TEXTURE SIMULATED TEXTURE ACTUAL TEXTURE Jean Hans Arp Frankenthaler LINE LINE Video from 'A Colouring Book of Abstract Line Art'