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Transcript of Migration Experiences
By Alana Gervasoni and Laura Taranto
Year 10 Humanities
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Make a clear statement of the process of migration that has occurred in Australia during the 20th century.
Highlight the big question 'how has immigration changed/shaped Australia?
Identify the main government policies about migration that existed during the 20th century, particularly after WW2
Interview with Chris
Chris came to Australia in 1956 with her family at the age of 8. She was born in England but her family is of Polish background. Her parents were living in Germany but then had to leave because of the war.On Chris' way to Australia all she remembers on ship is that there were barriers around the tables to prevent plates sliding off. It's indicates how rough the travel was to Australia was. The first summer in Australia was very hot and it was hard to adjust because Australia's climate was so different to England. To come to Australia they had to pay for their passage to do that they had to sell their house and start all over again. Growing up Chris was bullied at school for her accent. Her family were good citizens and were hard working. They love Australia and they don't regret immigrating here.
Britain needed to relocate some of their convicts because the prisons were overcrowded. Britain found and claimed Australia as its new colony. People from Britain and Ireland traveled to Australia in order to start a new life on free land.
There were no immigration restrictions during the gold rush. in 1852 alone, 370,000 immigrants arrived in australia and the economy was booming. the majority of the new arrivals were from europe but there were also many from china that came for the search for gold then some late returned to their homeland.
In 1901 the Immigration Act was introduced. The act included the Dictation test. the test had to be passed to be granted entry into Australia. Its aim was for it to be impossible to pass so only a selection could migrate to Australia.
During the 1920s the White Australian Policy was still going on. The policy was to exclude all non European people from immigrating into Australia. Australians were trying to get as many people as they could to migrate from Britain. They had to think of ways to encourage them to come. This is when they started to think of creating schemes.
After World War II, Australia needed to populate otherwise they would perish. This meant hundreds and thousands of Europeans were allowed into Australia.
Harold Holt allowed 800 non-europeans into Australia to live.
Dictation test abolished.
Immigrants from Asia start to be allowed to immigrate to Australia.
White Australia policy is starting to come to an end.
The White Australia Policy was the way Australia approached immigration. The approached it by not allowing immigrants from Asia, the Pacific islands and the Baltic countries into Australia. Australians feared that the immigrants would take their jobs.
It was up to immigration officers to decide whether to allow a person into the country of not. Immigrants had to undertake a dictation test to see if the immigrant was well educated. To ensure the immigrant could not enter Australia by failing the test, the test could be given to them however many times as the officers wanted and in whatever language they wanted.
In 1966, with the help of the liberal party, Harold hold 'abolished' the White Australia Policy. Even though he claimed to have abolished the policy, it wasn't until 1978 when the policy was officially abolished. The end of the White Australia Policy came when Malcolm Fraser was Prime Minister. Since the end of the policy, many immigrants have migrated to Australia and this is why Australia has become the multicultural county it is.
The Snowy Mountain scheme occurred from 1945-1965. This was during the time when 2 million people migrated to Australia. Many of those 2 million migrants came under the assisted passage scheme. The assisted passage scheme helped to increase Australia's population by 1% each year. At first the assisted passage applied only to the most 'desirable' migrants from Britain, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. This was also called the '10 pound pom'....
This allowed these desirable migrants to move to Australia to live for only 10 pounds and children came free. In later years, the assisted passage scheme applied to Baltic people. As the Baltic people were considered not 'desirable', if they came to Australia by assisted passage, they were forced to sign contracts agreeing to do whatever work was given to them for 2 years after their arrival. Many of the migrants spent those 2 years working on government projects. One of these projects was the Snowy Mountain scheme. The migrants did whatever work was available and the government didn't consider their qualifications.
Immigration has changed and shaped Australia in that we have become a very diverse nation with people from all over the world coming to live in Australia. This all started with mass migrations in the 20th century due to low population post World War II and no more people wanting to contribute to the 'white Australia' we once wanted to be.
In the early 1900's Australia wanted a nation of people with a white race. There were many policies created to prevent non' white people from entering Australia but in the end there were no more people from the preferred countries like Britain, Ireland, Scotland and Wales to fill up Australia and sustain a strong nation.
One of the policies was the White Australia Policy which included the dictation test. The dictation test and the White Australia Policy had to be abolished because of low population so this meant people from mainly Europe were allowed to migrate to Australia.
Soon Australia was booming with new arrivals but they were all expected to assimilate into Australias society. this was very hard as they didn't know a word of english and were not used to eating food from other cultures than there own.
Australia was a very racist nation because of how hard it was for the majority of australias population to accept other people and i believe we have changed and have become a more accepting country where we respect all of the cultures, and its beliefs and values that come with it. also the diverse range of food and celebration that also comes with each culture is a great addition to Australia.
Australia's diverse range of cultures from immigration, has shaped, changed and also made it an exciting place to live in.
Where were they born?
Montemurro in Italy
When did they come to Australia? What were the government policies at the time? Why did the individual/ family leave their home county?
Lina and her family came to Australia in 1972. She is unsure of what the policies were at the time as she was very young and doesn’t remember much but she left because he father came to Australia 5 years before the rest of the family to work and raise money to bring all the family to Australia for a better life.
Why did the individual/family choose Australia?
Because other friends of her father had been to Australia and recommended that it was a good place and offered many jobs. Also many Italians/ Europeans were invited to migrate to Australia.
How did they get here?
They got here by boat (ship). While on the boat, there was a strike with the workers so all the passengers and the boat were docked for a month in Spain. Passengers were allowed to get off the boat to buy food and supplies. The journey took over 3 months to get to Australia.
Arriving: They arrived late at night where they found their father/ husband waiting with friends at Port Melbourne. All Lina remembers is collecting her massive luggage. For Lina it was exciting to be in Australia as it was a new beginning for her.
What were some of the difficulties experienced in immigrating and settling into life in Australia?
Not knowing how to speak English, not knowing the value of the dollar, trying to assimilate, going to school. A major difficulty for Lina was trying to fit in at school and trying to find friends as some people were accepting of people from different cultures but others were not.
What do they believe their family’s culture has contributed to the Australian society?
Food, language, Religion.
Interview with Lina Gervasoni
Racial Discrimination was made illegal.
in 1978 the White Australia policy is officially abolished causing drastic increase of population.
Many migrants arrive by boat.
Almost 300 people arriving each year
All people arriving in Australia without a visa are put into detention centers.
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