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2011 Reading Youth Risk Behavior Survey Results: Data Release on 10.6.11

Data collaboration between the Reading Public Schools, RCASA and Aspects Consulting

Erica McNamara

on 6 October 2011

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Transcript of 2011 Reading Youth Risk Behavior Survey Results: Data Release on 10.6.11

Substance Use
Impaired Driving
About the 2011 YRBS
113 questions asked on Reading High School survey
81% of RMHS students took the survey
Survey is voluntary and anonymous
Data is compiled by Aspects Consulting
Will asking a certain question encourage that type of behavior?

There is NO evidence that asking students about health risk behaviors will encourage them to try that behavior.
Do teens lie on the YRBS?

Research indicates that survey data collected from high school students is as CREDIBLE as survey data gathered
from adults.

Internal reliability checks help identify the small percentage of students who falsify their answers.
A journey through...
2011 Youth Risk
Behavior Results
Data Collaboration
Reading Public Schools
Aspects Consulting
Reading, MA
Monitor priority health behaviors of middle and high school students to help community leaders
Make critical decisions about effective prevention strategies and use of resources
Track progress of current efforts
Evaluate programming and curricula
Use data to acquire funding
Reading- data trends from 2005-2011, represents more than 6,000 surveys.
State- (2009 results) weighted sample from cities/towns= approx. 3,000 surveys
United States- summary of results from the 2009 national survey= 42 state surveys, 20 local surveys conducted among students in grades 9-–12.
Behavioral Health
of a
Hypothetical classroom
Based on Reading YRBS- H.S. age
Consider Mr. Anderson’s English class. Mr. Anderson would like to be teaching writing or literature— things for which he has commitment, passion, and personal dedication.
Something is going on with his students. Mr. Anderson doesn’t know it, but he is dealing with a serious alcohol/drug problem.
It is Monday morning
in January of 2011.
9 of his 30 students used alcohol and marijuana every weekend of the past month.
Unbeknownst to him, 3 of his 30 students smoke cigarettes regularly .
2 of his 30 students use smokeless tobacco. They are likely using snus, a form of tobacco that requires no spitting and is virtually undetectable to Mr. Anderson.
Since this is the 4th class of the day,
these students are likely experiencing
“nicotine withdrawal symptoms
which can include"
cognitive and attention deficits
3 of his 30 students used prescription drugs to get high in the last month.
2 of 30 students have used ecstasy.
3 of 30 students have tried LSD or mushrooms.
Cognitive Changes
3 of his students are heavy binge drinkers that consume large volumes of alcohol when they drink.
2 students drank alcohol on school property in the last week.
5 of his 30 students used marijuana
more than 3 times in the past week.
One of his 30 students has struggled with cocaine, heroin, crystal meth, or steroid use in the past month.
3 of his 30 students have used
an illegal drug 10-40 times
in the past month.
Overall, 5% of his students are chemically dependent...addicted to alcohol or
other major mood-altering drugs.
They were intoxicated the night before, and probably the night before that, and may even still have drugs in their systems as they sit in class. Their brains struggle more with the toxicity of chronic alcohol/drug abuse than with his subject matter. These students may sit in the back of the room (physically or emotionally).
There are also those students affected by others drug use. In the past school year, 6 of his students have been offered illegal prescription drugs in the school.
6 of his students awake each day in a chemically-dependent family, where the stress of living with an alcohol/drug dependent adult, usually a parent, will have lasting consequences on their development.

Some of these students do well in class while others are quiet and compliant, doing minimal work, preoccupied with what went on in their family the night before or with what will occur when they get home.

Of these students in a chemically-dependent family, some start abusing alcohol and other drugs themselves and start acting out their anger with disruptive behavior in class.
Altogether, 10-12 of his 30 students are exhibiting behavioral problems in class and/or experiencing problems with learning, caused or aggravated by alcohol and other drug abuse.
Mr. Anderson thinks he is dealing with a discipline or a motivational problem. What he doesn’t know is that he is dealing with a drug problem.
If he spends just 5 minutes out of a class period maintaining order and coping with these 10-12 students, 10% of his teaching time is wasted daily in dealing with alcohol and drug problems, problems he may not be trained to identify or cope with successfully.
That 10% translates to 18 days out of a typical 180-day school year, or 1.2 years out of a 12-year school career—time that could be better spent on teaching & learning.
High Functioning Alcoholics/Addicts

Dr. Mark L. Willenbring of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism notes:

“People can be dependent and not appear to have abuse problems at all. They’re successful students. They’re good parents, good workers. They watch their weight. They go to the gym. Then they go home and have four martinis or two bottles of wine. Are they alcoholics? You bet.”
Mr. Anderson’s students reflect the national averages for alcohol and drug dependence.

In 2010, an estimated 22.1 million persons (9% of the population aged 12 or older) were classified with substance dependence or abuse in the past year.

-based on criteria specified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV)
Their alcohol and drug use is causing problems in their daily lives.

Rather than being occupied with learning, they are preoccupied with drugs —obtaining them, using them, planning to get high, and fantasizing about what it will be like when they can get high.
caught up in Substance use
Let's talk
About the MS Survey
73 questions asked on high school survey
86% of MS students took the survey
Survey is voluntary and anonymous
About the
2011 Reading Middle School YRBS Results
Substance Use
8% of 6th graders tried smoking and drank alcohol.
2% of 6th graders used marijuana and Rx drugs to get high in the past 30 days.

7% of 7th graders tried smoking.13% of 7th graders tried alcohol.
4% of 7th graders used marijuana in the past 30 days.
3% of 7th graders used Rx drugs to get high in the past 30 days.

17% of 8th graders tried smoking. 30% of 8th graders tried alcohol.
12% of 8th graders used marijuana in the past 30 days.
7% of 8th graders used Rx drugs to get high in the past 30 days.
What's next?

Full presentation of the YRBS data at School Committee on Monday Oct. 17th.

Event #3 on Oct. 18th: Addressing the Problem: A Panel of Leaders will discuss ways they are taking action. Community discussion will follow.

YRBS Data reports will be posted on Edline.
Turn to your neighbors (group of 3-4 people) and answer the following question

“Thinking about what you heard, what struck you from the data presentation?”

(10 min.)
"orange kush”, “krush”, “Ak”, “Ak47”, “nugs”, “nuggets”, “bud”
"addies”, "blues"
"flake, snow, soda cot”
Adam, Beans, Clarity, Disco Biscuit, E,
Dots, Mellow Yellow,
Window Pane
1 worker in 4, ages 18 to 34, used drugs in the past year.
1 worker
in 3 knows
of drug sales in the workplace.
Americans consume 60% of the world’s production of illegal drugs:
23 million use marijuana 4x a week;
18 million abuse alcohol;
6 million regularly use cocaine;
2 million use heroin.

What about the adults?
Brain development continues well into the twenties and during this time neurological and cognitive development may be disrupted by Substance Use
“1.8 million full-time college students (nearly 23%) meet the medical criteria for substance abuse and dependence.
68% percent of college students report having used alcohol in the last 30 days
42% reported getting drunk in the past two weeks.
19% percent report having used marijuana in the last 30 days.
A startling number of young people who enter college fail to earn a degree. Many colleges lose more than 1 out of every 4 freshmen in the first year alone
What about college?
More than 70 percent of adult substance abusers hold jobs;
Hypothetical 7th grade classroom of 30 students based on RMYRBS results:
2 of 30 students tried inhalants or used over the counter medications to get high.
1 student has tried cocaine.
4 students experienced cyber-bullying.
4 students have felt sad or hopeless daily for more than 2 weeks.
1 student has attempted suicide.
Full transcript