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Comparing Aborigines & the Native Americans
Transcript of Comparing Aborigines & the Native Americans
The Indigenous people of Australia, Aborigines, followed a totemic system. According to this system, every individual was associated with a totem. these totems are usually an animal.
Aborigines also believe in a creation period, a place, namely “The Dreamtime”. They believe it is a place beyond time and space in which the past, present and future exist as one.
Who Are the Aborigines?
Australian Aborigines, also known as Aborigines, are the indigenous people of Australia.
The Arrival of White Men
After the first British Colony was established in Australia, the lives of thousands of Australian Aborigine’s have changed forever. The life they lived until then was over. White men brought death, slavery, abduction and rape to the land of Aborigines. They tried to assimilate their culture and abolish them.
The Arrival of White Men
The Establishment of British Colonization
Harmony in Nature
Traditional Aboriginals are known for living in harmony with nature. The main idea of the Aboriginal culture is to exist as one with the nature. According to the Aboriginal traditions and beliefs, nature and landscape are as important as the Bible in Christian culture.
Like it is in modern day religions, the Aboriginal religion includes believing in a particular god or gods that created human and the universe during a creation period at the beginning of the time. But instead of believing in just one god that they can’t see, Aboriginal tribes mostly believe in multiple gods
Before the arrival of the white man, Australian Aborigines managed to survive with the native plants and animals of the Australian environment for many years. the Australian Aborigines always knew how to find food and water.
Rituals and Aboriginal ceremonies have been a part of the Aboriginal culture since they immigrated from Asia to Australia almost 40,000 years ago.Rituals still play a vital part in the Aboriginal culture. They are still practiced in some parts of Australia, hoping that it would provide them with supplies and food.
Bora, also known as “Burbung” is the initiation ritual for young boys to being welcomed to adulthood. These rituals sometimes lasts for weeks. These rituals also may include learning sacred songs, dancing, telling stories and traditional lore. Circumcision,scarification and removal of a tooth or a part of finger are often involved in this kind of ritual. Tribes are expected to gather together and participate in these rituals.
In smoking rituals, Aboriginal people would collect various native plants and use it to create smoke. They believed that with this ritual, they would clean and banish the bad and unwanted spirits.
Burial rituals changes through the regions of Australia. In Northern parts of Australia, burial has two main stages. In the first stage, the dead body is placed on a wooden platform covered in leaves and branches, and it is left there for several months until the flesh separates from the bones.Then the bones are collected, painted red and dispersed in different ways. This is done in the second stage. In some cases they are put in hollow logs.
A ceremonial meeting which Australian Aborigines refer to as Corroboree, is a ceremony that everyone gather and interact with the Dreamtime through music, costumes and dance. This is a sacred ritual for them so people from outside are not allowed to take place in this ritual.
The Discovery of Australia
The continent of Australia has been explored several times, but the most significant discovery and exploration was by the Dutch in the 17th century.
British navigator and astronomer Captain James Cook went on a voyage to observe the Transit of Venus from somewhere in the South Seas. But the unofficial reason was to find “a Continent or Land of great extent”. In 1770, Captain Cook discovered the east coast of Australia, him and his crew landed in Botany Bay.
When Captain Cook first discovered and declared possession over Australia in late 18th century, it is estimated that there were about 750,000 Aborigines. by the 1920’s this number had fallen by almost 90%
The Stolen Generations
The term “The Stolen Generations” described the many Aboriginal people who were removed from their families as children by past Australian Federal, State and Territory government agencies from late 1800’s to 1970’s. The children removed were sent either to institutions or adopted by non-Indigenous families.
The first evidence showing the indigenous people of America inhabit North America indicates that they migrated from Siberia for over 11,000 years ago. Probably, they crossed the Bering Land Bridge, which existed during the Ice Age.
The Native American religions were quite different from those which are found in Europe. There were a form of spirituality passed from one generation to the next orally, rather than a written set of beliefs or a holy book. Different Native American cultures such as the Iroquois, Dakota and Apache all had their own spiritual beliefs. However there were common themes among these native American cultures.
Harmony in Nature
According to Native American beliefs, natural harmony and balance is necessary between human beings and the natural world: between animals, plants and all of the natural features which surrounds us. In many Native American cultures, it is important to maintain harmony and balance with animals.
Traditional rituals played an essential role since the very beginning of the Native American culture. Often referred to as “religion”, most Native Americans did not consider their spirituality and rituals as religion but a simple way showing and practicing their beliefs and spirituality.
Unlike the rest of the world, Native Americans celebrated death. Because they knew that it was the end of life on Earth, but they believed it was the start of life in the Spirit World.
Green Corn Ceremonies, also called the Green Corn Festival is both a celebration and a religious ceremony, primarily by the people of southeastern tribes like Iroquois and Cherokee.
Some southwest tribes have practiced Peyote ceremonies which were connected with eating or drinking of tea made of peyote buttons, the dried fruit of a small cactus. The ceremonies were held for different reasons including healing, baptism, funerals and special occasions.
The three main food sources of the Native American cuisine are corn, squash and beans. Other foods that have been widely used in the Native American culture include greens, deer meat, berries, pumpkin, squash and wild rice.
Arrival of the White Men
The Native Americans of the east coast met the new 16th and 17th century visitors from Europe with enthusiasm. They regarded these white men as strange but were delighted with the steel knives, mirrors, copper kettles, and other intriguing tools.
The Trail of Tears
At the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida–land their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations. By the end of the decade, very few natives remained anywhere in the southeastern United States.
The Native American peoples were not only reduced in number but taken from their homes, stripped of their customs, and even forbidden to speak their native languages. Their children were taken from them and sent to schools to “civilize” them, forced to abandon every aspect of their heritage. In January 1876, the U.S. government forced them to live on ‘reservations’ where the majority of Native Americans still reside today.
Harmony in Nature
After the Arrival of
the White Men