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Actor Network Theory - Latour

Presentation Critical Reading 3, created by Dries and Marianne for TELIC/TEL2/2012

Marianne De Vriendt

on 27 November 2012

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Transcript of Actor Network Theory - Latour

more info http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_Latour http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actor–network_theory http://www.bruno-latour.fr ANT = Learning Environment People - students
- teachers
- ICT co-ordinator
- ... Facility - buildings
- schedules
- ... HUMAN NON-HUMAN Materials NON-HUMAN - White Board
- beamer and computers
- workbooks / ebooks
- ... rules learning styles pedagogy didactics policy plain paper overhead
projector computer
screen beamer translation Translation I. Perplexity Is it possible to project my screen on the wall without placing it on the overhead projector? Is the school willing to buy a beamer? II. Consultation What does other actors think and have they other ideas about using beamers in their learning environment? Does everybody think that buying a beamer is an added value? III. Hierarchy Most actors agreed that integration in existing structure is possible and necessary. We need to make rules for students and teachers. Manuals how to use and how to keep it in use. IV. Institution Now it is time to integrate the beamer. Installation must be done.
Students and teachers will use this device in a proper way and rules need to be followed. An example of translation in education Actors


Theory Connectivism? is ANT a theory
or is it more a
research method The story ... (or is it the chreod?) Problem 1: how to get through a wall (easy way) Solution 2: groom or porter
Problem 3: human, therefor unreliable Solution 3: upgrade door with a door-closer
Problem 4: not everyone benefits (discrimination) AND heaven forbid, he (or she) goes Latour offers a new vocabulary to understand the story as a technician (not a sociologist) What does the text say? 6. There's a difference between the
author-in-the-flesh and the author-in-the-text. 1. Process of a delegation (or translation) between humans and nonhumans 2. How to transform a minor effort into a major effect? 3. Techniques are always involved when asymmetry or irreversability is the goal. 4. Adding a human character to a nonhuman
= anthropomorphism (not a projection) 5. Humans and nonhumans are equal actants:
they both DO something Bruno Latour
author-in-the-flesh Jim Johnson
author-in-the-text Solution 1: door (hinges & pin)
Problem 2: unreliable humans When in trouble: appeal to Gods! First we rely on the inner morality and common sense of humans! If that doesn't work: we rely on a nonhuman who regularly and conveniently does the job of unfaithful humans! If that doesn't work either: there is always a god to help you out! Coherent vocabulary SCRIPTS:
scenes or scenarios played by human and nonhuman actors

retrieval of the script from the situation, usually in words like a semiotic commentary or a programming language

TRANSCRIPTION (inscription/encoding):
translation of the script to a more durable one; it can have a linguistic, religious or artistic meaning; always goes from less reliable to more faithful PRESCRIPTION:
all that is presupposed by the authors for that scene (reader-in-the-text)

the "history" of the human and the nonhuman before coming to the scene

"pathway" that users follow to get to the scene; alignment of set-ups Meet Chuck, one of our well-known lieutenants and my friend at work. Yours too probably (or not)? Skip the next step if you can't spare the extra 3 minutes! Is learning possible without nonhumans? Shifting out in time and space is that what e-learning is about? When designing learning are we using the same steps?
Can we use Latour's vocabulary? on the web: in books: on film: We have never been modern (1991) Aramis or the love of technology (1992) Reassembling the social - an introduction to actor-network-theory (2005) (more on Latour's website) International seminor on network theory - keynote Bruno Latour
Feb. 19, 2010
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