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Internal And External Text Structures
Transcript of Internal And External Text Structures
1. Sequence or Chronological Order
2. Enumeration or Listing
3. Compare or Contrast
4. Cause and Effect
5. Problem and Solution
6. Definition and Description Internal Text Structures are organizational patterns or different text structures that authors use organize their writings. INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL TEXT STRUCTURES By Eugene Lee Period 3 Mr. McCarron Sequence or Chronological Order Something that is organized in Sequential or Chronological Order is when the writer presents a series of events or explains a procedure or a process in the order they happen.
Ex: To make cereal, follow these instructions: First, get out a bowl, spoon, the type of cereal you want, and milk. Second, Pour the milk in the bowl until it reaches 2/3 of the way up. Third, Put as much cereal into the bowl with milk. Finally, eat and enjoy! Enumeration or Listing The writer presents information in a structure that resembles an outline. It is most often represented in bullet format.
Ex: Grocery Shopping: eggs, milk, sugar, flour, cinnamin, and cereal. Comparing and Contrasting The writer discusses the similarities and differences of two ideas, objects, or processes.
Ex: Golden Eagles are apt to hunt for prey while Bald Eagles are more likely to make an easy meal Cause and Effect The writer explains the reason for an event or phenomenon.
Ex: Since Bob left the banana peel on the floor, Bill slipped and hurt himself. Problem and Solution The writer makes a complication and then resolves the complication.
Ex: Since Bill wanted to play with the truck and Bob also wanted to play with the truck, Mom bought another truck to prevent an argument. Definition and Description The writer introduces a new idea and then describes it or explains what it is.
Ex: Golden Eagles are powerful birds of prey with large, dark, brown bodies with small heads with golden crowns. The External Text Structures External Text Structures are text structures in which the writer helps you read and understand informational or expository text. The Internal Text Structures include the followin:
7. Pictures/ Diagrams/ Illustrations
8. Footnotes Heading The heading is used at the head of the page to describe what the subject is.
Ex: This is a heading. Sub Heading The sub heading is usually below the heading and is used to describe more about the subject.
Ex: The newspaper headline read “House burns down on Elm Street” with the subheading “Arson suspected.” Bold Bold is a typeface that is used to get the reader's attention and is mainly used to emphasize important words or ideas.
Ex: The SHELTER burned down. Italics Italics are used to indicate a title of a book, magazine or movie, and is also used to emphasize an important word, re-explaining a word that follows, and often gives added information
Ex: The COW said moo. Underline An underline is used to emphasize a noun in text.
Ex: The book was being read aloud to the class from the teacher. Sidebar A sidebar is a secondary article that is usually short.
Ex: Pictures/Diagrams/Illustrations Pictures/Diagrams/ Illustrations are used as models and are labeled on what the article is talking about.
Ex: The eye has many parts.
Footnotes An additional piece of information printed at the bottom of a page.
Ex: The secret ingredient is phosphorus*. *Phosphorus is a type of chemical with its symbol being P and its atomic number being 15.