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Iron Triangles and Issue Networks
Transcript of Iron Triangles and Issue Networks
Subcommittee on Aging
Veteran Affairs Congressional Committee Bureaucratic Agency Interest/Pressure Group a loose and informal set of relationships that exist among a large number of people who work in broad policy areas.
INCLUDE: agency officials, committee members, lobbyists, lawyers, consultants, academics, courts, PR specialists... Iron Triangles represent the close relationship among special interest groups, congressional committees, and the bureaucracy, who are all in close, frequent contact with each other. can dominate some areas of policy making by agreeing on the same thing with a virtual monopoly on information in their area. characterized by MUTUAL DEPENDENCY: each element provides key services, information, or policy for the others can add a strong decentralizing and fragmenting element to the policy making process For Example:
Department of Veterans Affairs For Example:
American Bankers Assoc.
American Legion Iron Triangles were thought to be largely autonomous (no checks, not really affected by elections)
Today, they are no longer considered to be a dominant force in American politics
They are not typical policy making systems...
...the concept of issue networks seems to be a more accurate portrayal of contemporary subsystems in American politics. Why are issue networks a favored way of understanding? 1) Proliferation of Interest Group
-many more organizations trying to influence policy in the same area.
2) Growth of Subcommittees
-produces overlapping jurisdiction
3) Increasingly Complex Issues & Increasingly Complex Society