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Election of 1860 and Fort Sumter

A description of the events leading to the first shots of the Civil War.
by

Kale Blickenstaff

on 10 November 2015

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Transcript of Election of 1860 and Fort Sumter

The Civil War Begins
Election of 1860
Democrats split!
Northern
Southern
Stephen Douglas
John Breckinridge
Constitutional Union Party
Candidate - John Bell
Only received support from a few southern states who wanted compromise
Republican Party
Candidate - Abe Lincoln
Election Results
New President
Lincoln had taken a firm stand against the expansion of slavery into new american territories
Lincoln hoped to prevent war.
“In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine is the momentous issue of civil war. We are not enemies, but friends,” Lincoln told Southerners after taking the oath of office. “We must not be enemies.”
The Confederate States of America
Shortly after the election of Lincoln, South Carolina declared “the United States of America is hereby dissolved” and seceded from the Union. Six other states soon followed. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas
Jefferson Davis
Elected President of the newly formed Confederate States
Against secession
Was a MS Senator
Served in the MX War
Secretary of War for President Pierce
Supporter of Popular Soveriegnty
Fort Sumter, SC
Lincoln recieves word that supplies were running out at Fort Sumter, If supplies did not come soon, they would have to surrender the fort to the Confederacy.
Lincoln made an important decision. He would send supply ships to the fort. Then he waited to see what happened
.
PT Beauregard
Had an agreement with good friend and leader of troops inside Fort Sumter that they would not attack
Robert Anderson
Now Jefferson Davis had to make a decision. He decided to attack the fort before the supply ships arrived. On April 12, 1861, Confederates fired on Fort Sumter.
Hon A B Lincoln…

Dear Sir

My father has just home from the fair and brought home your picture and Mr. Hamlin’s. I am a little girl only 11 years old, but want you should be President of the United States very much so I hope you wont think me very bold to write to such a great man as you are. Have you any little girls about as large as I am if so give them my love and tell her to write to me if you cannot answer this letter. I have got 4 brothers and part of them will vote for you any way and if you let your whiskers grow I will try and get the rest of them to vote for you you would look a great deal better for your face is so thin. All the ladies like whiskers and they would tease their husbands to vote for you and then you would be President. My father is going to vote for you and if I was a man I would vote for you to but I will try to get every one to vote for you that I can I think that rail fence around your picture makes it look very pretty I have got a little baby sister she is nine weeks old and is just as cunning as can be. When you direct your letter direct to Grace Bedell Westfield Chautauqua County New York.

I must not write any more answer this letter right off Good bye

Grace Bedell
Miss Grace Bedell

My dear little Miss

Your very agreeable letter of the 15th is received – I regret the necessity of saying I have no daughters—I have three sons—one seventeen, one nine, and one seven years of age—They, with their mother, constitute my whole family—As to the whiskers, having never worn any, do you not think people would call it a piece of silly affectation if I were to begin it now?

Your very sincere well wisher,
A. Lincoln
Edmund Ruffin
67 years old
"Bizarro John Brown"
Fires the 1st shot of the Civil War
Made a last ditch effort to appease the Southern states.
Senator John Crittenden
Full transcript