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Sheeny Lim

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of Eco

Sheeny Lim
Shiffa Khumaira
Steffi Balancia A Case Study
on HortPark,
Singapore HortPark &
Its Characteristics BackGround Facilities Available Energry
Conservation Issues Water
Management Educational
Amenities Energy Conservation Water
Management Educational
Amenities Strategies HortPark 23-hectare park.
Greenway connector between the Blangah Hill and Kent Ridge Parks.
20 themed gardens and 20 garden plots. Environmental Sustainability
Issues... Methods Study Area Data Collection Analysis Repetto (cited in Hanna, 2012), the main
objective of sustainable development opposes
policies and practices that are used to support
current living standards through the depletion
of the productive base, which includes natural
resources, and result in greater risks and poorer
prospects for the future generation. Visitor Center: Main Source
of Interpretation (Requires Passive + active Displays) Education & Interpretation... Methods... Moving On.....! Passive Displays LAC Process Energy & Water Conservation (Limits of Acceptable
Change - LAC) Education & Interpretation HortPark : Interactive Displays also captures visitors attention involuntarily. (Parmienter, Maybery and Elsley, 2011) Bibliography... Study Area HortPark Singapore Method of Data Collection Qualitative Research (Field Observation)
Quantitative Research (Internet, brochures & journal articles) Method of Data Analysis Situation Analysis - Explains the strength and weaknesses of the operation (Weaver, 2008) Conserve, Create, Sustain & Enhance the green infrastructure.
To be the first park that strives in educating the public on tools and tips for gardening as well as the relevant conservation methods.
Guided tours, hands-on workshops & garden cafe where they pass educational information though experience. LAC process provides a systematic feedback on effectiveness of management actions employed & alerting them to the need of more rigorous efforts. (Pigram, 2006). LAC Process Identification of issues (Field Observation) Stankey et al., 1985 (cited in Pigram, 2006) Define and describe opportunity zones and their desired future conditions. Developed Zone (Contains resources of highest resilience)
- Areas with major visitor & administrative facilities.
- Opportunities for social experiences.
- Resources are modified for visitor & park operational needs. Pedestrian Zone
- High usage of well-defined trail corridor.
- Access to prime park features.
- Paved trails with small interpretive structures. Sensitive Resource Protection Zone
- Intensive conservation & research activities.
- Minimal visitor access. : Define suitable indicators (Source: United Nations, 2009).

Utility Bills
Use of renewable resources (as a percentage of total fuel usage)
Amount of water recycled (as a percentage of total water consumed Identify alternative opportunity
zone allocations/modifications Modification of existing buildings with energy conservation
methods not only saves the environment, it is also one of
the most cost effective ways to reduce operating expenses, & improving the environment along the way is added benefit.

This can be done through investments in energy efficient
strategies, as well as lighting and control systems (Annon., 2012). Management actions for each alternative opportunity zone. 10 % Challenge by PUB Singapore
Water Efficiency Fund (WEF)
Installation of occupancy and daylight
sensors. Specify measurable standards for resource conditions. Organization that adopt a systematic approach to water reduction typically achieve a 20-50% decrease in water usage.
(Envirowise, n.d.) Implement actions & monitor conditions impact assessment
water audit Introduction of multimedia Improvement to park concept In order for effective interpretation to occur, the following factors are needed:- The impact of water scarcity is an issue that has to be tackled now, even before government legislation. (Singh, 2009). Energy is required for potable water and wastewater treatment and transport, so reducing the amount of water consumed and discharged will help to lower the energy needed. (Tay, 2009). Resource management in terms of water & energy consumption. Eco-efficiency indicators (Farsari, 2000): - Inter-disciplinary project team.
- Public involvement.
- Development of park purpose, themes
and significance. - Audio Tours.
- Audio Visual Products (videos, lighting).
- Tactile Media (3D Models). Generation of interest in themes through story-telling (National Park Service, 1995). 1. Annon. (2010). Leaving a ‘Green’ Legacy; Marriot Vacation Club Resorts Strives For Environmental Excellences Through Audubon International Program. PR Newswire.
2. Annon. (2011). New Castle County Smart Energy Program Earth Day Event on April 20th. Business Wire.
3. Annon. (2012). Pike Research Report: Market for Energy Efficiency Retrofits In Commercial Buildings Will Increase. Professional Services Up-Close.
4. Annon. (2012). Green Campus Partners, Llc; Green Campus Partners and Citi Launch Financing Solution to Fund Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Projects. Investment Weekly News, p.539.
5. Annon. (2012). Public Service Electric & Gas Company PSE&G; PSE&G Lauded for Innovative Energy Efficiency Program for Hospitals. Investments Weekly News, p.793.
6. Bird, J. (2012). Ecotourism: Coffee, Daisy Trees and Finches. Financial Times, p.2.
7. Envirowise, n.d. Cost-effective water saving devices and practices - for commercial sites, accessed on 12th July 2012, retrieved from http://www.turismdurabil.ro/literatura/cp/CP-in-Hotels/e_bat_uk_Hotel-Water-saving-devices.pdf 8. Espinoza, M. (2010). Here Comes Solar. McClatchy – Tribune Business News.
9. Farsari, Y. (2000). Sustainable Tourism Indicators for Mediterranean Established Destinations, Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics, Foundation for the Research and the Technology, Hellas, accessed on 12th July 2012, retrieved from hhtp://www.iacn.m.forth.gr/regional/papers/tourism-today.pdf
10. Forestry Commission (2010). BREEAM Scheme for Visitor Centres, accessed on 13th July 2012, retrieved from http://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/BS_casestudy_BREEAM.pdf/$FILE/BS_casestudy_BREEAM.pdf.
11. Hanna, L. (2012). Opinion: Sustainable Tourism Development – Same Issues Twenty Years On?. McClathy – Tribune Business News.
12. Heritage Lottery Fund (2009). Thinking About… Interpretation, accessed on 13th July 2012, retrieved from http://www.hlf.org.uk/HowToApply/furtherresources/Documents/Thinking_about_interpretation.pdf
13. Ianieri, B. (2012). Waterway Businesses Delve Into The Eco-Tourism Niche. McClathy – Tribune Business News.
14. Mok, A. (2008). Green Living: The Park Connector Takes me from Home to Work. National Parks Board Annual Report 07-08, accessed on 10th July 2012, retrieved from http://www.nparks.gov.sg.
15. National Parks (2010). Annual Report: FY 2009/10, accessed on 7th June 2012, retrieved from http://www.nparks.gov.sg/cms/images/stories/AR0910/NParks%20 Annual%20Report%20FY2009-2010%20-%20Full.pdf
16. Newton, K. (2012). Artist, Welcome Centre Puts Emphasis On Energy Conservation. McClathy – Tribune Business News.
17. Orr, V. (2009). What a Difference a Decade Makes. What a Difference a Decade Makes. Alaska Business Monthly, 25(6), p.60. 18. J5 Visitor Centres (n.d.). Managing Marine Protected Areas: A Toolkit For The Western Indian Ocean, accessed on 7th July 2012, retrieved from http://wiomsa.org/mpatoolkit/Themesheets/J5_Visitor_centres.pdf
19. Parham, L.D. et al. (2011). Development of a Fidelity Measure for Research on the Effectiveness of the Ayres Sensory Integration® Intervention. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(2), pp. 133-142.
20. Pigram, J.J. and Jenkins, J.M. (2006). Outdoor Recreation Management, 2nd ed, Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon.
21. Polatajko, H.J. et al. (1991). The Effect of a Sensory Integration Program on Academic Achievement, Motor Performance, and Self-Esteem in Children Identified as Learning Disabled: Results of a Clinical Trial: Occupation, Participation and Health. The Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 11(3), pp. 155 – 176.
22. Sedgwick, C. (2009). Nature in Cities: A Comparison of Greenways. Green Cities, pp.1-19.
23. Singapore Environment Council (2008). Biodiversity and the City: Discovering Our City in a Garden. Newsletter of the Singapore Environment Council, pp.1-11.
24. Singh, R. (2009). Water Set To Be The ‘Next Carbon’. Financial Director, p.49.
25. Sorenson, L. (2009). Green Guidance. Fire Chief, 53(4), pp.54 – 60.
26. Stewart, W.P. and Cole, D.N. (2003). On The Prescriptive Utility of Visitor Survey Research: A Rejoinder to Manning. Journal of Leisure Research, 35(1), pp. 119 – 127.
27. Tay, E. (2009). Reduce the Impact of Your Organisation’s Waste, Water and Transport Management, accessed 13th July 2012, retrieved from http://www.lowcarbonsg.com/2009/05/08/reduce-the-impact-of-your-organisations-waste-water-and-transport-management/ 28. United Nations (2009). Eco-efficiency indicators: Measuring Resource-use Efficiency and the Impact of Economic Activities on the Environment, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific, Environment and Development Policy Section, Thailand, accessed on 12th July 2012, retrieved from http://www.neaspec.org/publication/Eco-efficiency%20Indicators.pdf.
29. US Department of the Interior, National Parks Service (1997). VERP: The Visitor Experience and Resource Protection Framework: A Handbook for Planners and Managers, US Department of the Interior, National Parks Service, Denver, accessed on 1st July 2012, retrieved from http://planning.nps.gov/document/verphandbook%2Epdf
30. Zhou, F., Wong, V. and Sekuler, R. (2007). Multi-sensory integration of spatio-temporal segmentation cues: one plus one does not always equal two. Experimental Brain Research, 180(4), pp. 641-654. Visitor Experience & Resource Protection (VERP)... 18th July 2012 Basin Tap: 2 litres/mins
Urinal: 0.5 litres/flush

(Source: PUB Singapore, 2012)
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