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The History of Jazz
Transcript of The History of Jazz
WHERE DOES JAZZ COME FROM?
WHAT DOES JAZZ SOUND LIKE?
AND, WHERE CAN I FIND SOME?
Because, frankly, this stuff looks pretty cool...
1. American music developed especially from ragtime and blues and characterized by propulsive syncopated rhythms, polyphonic ensemble playing, varying degrees of improvisation, and often deliberate distortions of pitch and timbre.
According to the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary...
Jazz is defined as:
However, I prefer to define it by this:
Well, not too much, really.
So, What Does This Tell Us?
Jazz is a genre of music, a style, just like rock, hip-hop, folk, and other genres of music.
To know jazz, we must know its history...
And to know jazz history, we must know African-American history...
THE SLAVE TRADE
After being kidnapped from their homes and brought overseas, African men, women, and children were sold by European settlers and forced into slavery.
They were brought to America not by choice, but by force, and traveled by boat across the Atlantic Ocean.
Enslaved Africans were forced to work long hours with zero pay in horrible working conditions.
If they disobeyed...
they were severely punished.
Enslaved Africans were often forbidden to speak with one another.
In order to communicate with each other, they would sing simple songs that often contained important messages.
What do you think they would sing about?
In fact, there were only three places that their culture could live on.
And so it began...
From these spirituals, music grew into new styles, each unique in their own way.
These songs were later known as "spirituals".
This led to the creation of:
Both blues and ragtime played an important role in African American music, and are worth listening to in your free time.
However, that is a lesson for another time.
Today, we study
Enslaved Africans were denied their sense of culture.
The food they ate,
the language they spoke,
the religion they practiced,
and the lives they lived were a thing of the past, and a new way of life had to be adopted that suited their new home.
and Congo Square
This small, seemingly simple area of land down in New Orleans was a place of cultural expression and community amongst Africans.
Every Sunday music could be heard coming from Congo Square.
It is at this very spot, down in New Orleans, that JAZZ was born...
To this day,
Soon jazz traveled all throughout the United States of America.
Without iPods, mp3 players, CDs, the internet, Facebook, computers, or other forms of modern day technology,
HOW DO YOU THINK JAZZ SPREAD THROUGHOUT THE USA??
Africans arrived in America in shackles.
Jazz bands used to travel up and down the Mississippi River, spreading this new sound.
What is "culture"?
is still known as one of
spots to hear
in the world!
One of the most famous jazz musicians was Louis Armstrong.
Also known as SATCHMO.