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TOOTHPASTE AND INGREDIENTS

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on 11 November 2014

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Transcript of TOOTHPASTE AND INGREDIENTS

THANK YOU :)
TOOTHPASTE AND INGREDIENTS
We have divided the toothpaste into 6 categories
1) Sensitive
2) Whitening
3) Maternity
4) Kids
5) Smokers
6) Gum defense

What is in Toothpaste?
- Abrasives
- Detergent (1-2%)
- Binding agents (1%)
- Humectants (10-30%)
- Flavouring, sweetening and colouring agents (1-5%)
- Preservatives (0.05-0.50%)
- Fluoride and other therapeutic agents
- Water
Comparison between the ingredients of all types of toothpastes
Description of Toothpaste's Ingredient
What is toothpaste ?
Toothpaste is a gel or paste type of substance which is applied to a toothbrush to clean the teeth. This mainly white substance removes particles of food and plaque from your teeth and prevents bad breath (halitosis) as well.

Toothpaste contains a range of ingredients, for example fluoride which helps to protect the teeth against tooth decay and gum disease.

Toothpaste is an important part of a daily dental care routine and dentists recommend that people use it twice a day. Ideally, you would brush your teeth after every meal but failing that, twice a day will do.
1) Sensodyne
2) Dentiste
3) Colgate
4) Aqua Fresh
1) Colgate
2) Darlie
3) White Glo
4) Pearl Drops
1) Pureen
1) Raiya
2) Pureen
3) Kodomo Lion
4) Upin dan Ipin
5) Guardian Kids
6) Jack and Jill
7) Colgate
1) Zact
2) Plus White
3) Pearl Drop
1) Colgate
2) Oral B
3) White Glo
4) Paradontax
INGREDIENTS
KIDS TOOTHPASTE
SMOKER TOOTHPASTE
SENSITIVE TOOTHPASTE
MATERNITY TOOTHPASTE
WHITENING TOOTHPASTE
GUM CARE TOOTHPASTE
Stevia Rebaudiana
Study shows that antibacterial properties of Stevia may help with gingivitis, cavities, tooth decay and mouth sores. It may suppress the development and reproduction of infectious organisms in the gums and teeth, inhibit the growth of plaque and may improve overall oral health. People who have used Stevia as a mouthwash has reported significant decrease in gingivitis and other mouth infections. Simply gargling with Stevia mouthwash and brushing with Stevia added toothpaste may be beneficial.
Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate
Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate inhibits enzyme that breaks down sugar to acid. It also inhibits the growth of bad breath-causing bacteria in human saliva.
Calcium Lactate
Calcium Lactate is a white powder used mainly as a buffer. It is included in toothpaste containing xylitol because it helps re-mineralize tooth enamel. It may cause an upset stomach and cardiac disturbances.
Calcium Pyrophosphate
Calcium pyrophosphate is an additive to dental floss and toothpaste. It is used in toothpaste with stannous fluoride.Calcium pyrophsophate used was heat treated to reduce the soluble calcium ion availability and thus increase fluoride ion availabillity.Although this chemical compound is best known for facilitating an arthritic condition called calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPDD) due to an accumulation of dihydrate crystals in the synovial fluid and tissue that surround the joints. As a result, inflammation occurs, producing pain and impaired movement. While the exact mechanism behind this disease it is not yet clear, it is suspected that it may be related to elevated levels of ATP
Calcium Carbonate
Calcium carbonate creates an alkaline medium for the teeth to be cleaned by virtue of its basic nature. it comes with sodium monofluorophosphate which has germicidal effect. Abrasive nature is of fluoride ion which when in excess may cause holes in our teeth. Sodium hydrogen carbonate fulfils the same role as calcium carbonate.
Sorbitol
Sorbitol is also known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol, which is used in toothpaste to provide sweetness and help maintain the water content of the paste. Sorbitol is also used in food products as a humectant and texturizing agent
Water
Toothpaste contain between 20–42 percent water to help keep it from drying out.
Glycerine
Glycerin is a colourless and smells-less liquid that can be obtained from lard, tallow and usually from other more caustic sources. Glycerin has a sweet flavour or taste. Glycerin is syrup-like, oily, and remains a fluid. Glycerin is also a main by-product from biodiesel production. The name comes from the Greek word glykys meaning sweet.
Glycerin is a sweetening and preserving agent used in toothpaste. It’s well-tolerated by the skin and absorbs in water. Glycerin is used as a humectant, which means it keeps moisture in the skin. It is also used as an emulsifying agent to help give a formula a smooth consistency for easy application. In our toothpastes, glycerin enhances the brush-ability of the formula and prevents it from drying out. Glycerin does not cause demineralization of the teeth unless it is used in conjunction with bleaching procedures. Glycerin attracts moisture. It is a natural by-product of old fashioned soap production.
Hydrated Silica
Hydrated silica is a derivative of silica (silicon dioxide), which has a variable amount of water in the formula. Hydrated silica is a mild abrasive which gives toothpaste a smoother “gel” quality. Combined with calcium carbonate, it helps to safely remove plaque with brushing. Milled to a slightly larger size, the grains are more aggressive and are used in teeth bleaching formulas
Cellulose Gum
Cellulose gum is also known as Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Cellulose gum is the most popular texturant used in toothpaste. It acts as as personal lubricants in toothpaste so that the surface of toothpaste becomes smooth and glossy. Cellulose gum also creates stability and suitable viscosity; it makes toothpaste more fresh and pleasant.
Sodium Benzoate
Sodium benzoate prevents the buildup of micro-organisms in the toothpaste, which is good because keeping toothpaste cold in the fridge might make brushing sensitive teeth rather uncomfortable.
Sodium Saccharin
Toothpaste manufacturers turn to artificial sweeteners, like saccharin, to mask the many bitter flavors of the ingredients in toothpaste.
Xylitol
Xylitol is a naturally occurring substance that can be found in plants, fruits, and vegetables and is even produced in the human body by normal metabolism. The xylitol used in our toothpaste is produced either from birch tree pulp or corn. Xylitol is a multifunctional ingredient. It imparts sweetness and does not promote tooth decay because it is non-fermentable by oral plaque bacteria, and at some levels is known as a plaque acid reducer. The best form is xylitol, since it does have many benefits for a healthy mouth, as stated earlier.
Dicalcium Phosphate
Dicalcium phosphate is used in many toothpaste formulations as an abrasive: although it is largely insoluble in water, it may also re-mineralize the teeth surface which is the enamel.
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS)
Before the 1940s, toothpaste contained soap. Now SLS is used as the detergent part of the toothpaste, which makes the toothpaste lather in your mouth. It is the foaming agent which increases cleansing power. This ingredient can be derived from coconut or palm kernel oil
Tetrasodium pyrophate
It is used in toothpastes, as a buffer, an emulsifier, and a detergent aid. It is the "tartar control" agent. It removes calcium and magnesium from the saliva, so they can't deposit on the teeth.
Sodium monoflurophosphate
Sodium monofluorophosphate is used in toothpastes to protect tooth enamel from attack by bacteria (cavities, also known as caries). It was developed to avoid infinging on the Crest patent for stannous fluoride.The active part of the molecule is the fluoride ion, which is why two other fluorine containing compounds, sodium fluoride, and stannous fluoride are also used.Like stannous fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate can be used with abrasives that contain calcium, which prevents sodium fluoride from being effective.Fluorides work in two ways. They reduce the ability of bacteria to make acids, and they remineralize the areas of the tooth that have been attacked by acids from bacteria.
Sodium Fluoride
The most often found active ingredient in toothpaste is fluoride. Sodium fluoride (NaF) is the most common source of fluoride. Sodium fluoride is the active ingredient used in many dental products. It is an anti-caries agent that prevents the formation of cavities in teeth. Other uses include lessening mouth odors and polishing the teeth. According to the ADA (American Dental Association), fluoride is the most important ingredient for healthy teeth: It strengthens enamel, prevents cavities and fights plaque. However, Fluoride is one of the more controversial ingredients in toothpaste.
PEG-8 and PEG-12
The term "PEG" (polyethylene glycol) is used for synthetic polymers of ethylene oxide — in toothpaste they are used as a humectants and solvents. Humectants prevent water loss and act as stabilizers. (According to Environmental Working Group or EWG, these polymers can be contaminated with potentially toxic manufacturing impurities such as 1,4-dioxane.)
Cocamidopropyl Betaine
Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is an organic compound derived from coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine. It is a mild foaming ingredient. It helps to emulsify and evenly maintain the flavor oils throughout the product in the tube. When brushing, the foaming action produced assists in the distribution of the product and then assists in the removal of debris from the mouth to ensure easy rinsing. Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is the second most commonly present allergen in toothpaste. Even with this being the second most common allergen, only 16 of the 80 toothpastes actually contained this surfactant.
Xanthum Gum
Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide, a sugar-based polymer produced by bacteria; it is used as a viscosity agent in personal care products and foods. It acts as a thickening agent in toothpaste. It helps create the texture of toothpaste. For those with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity who want to avoid gluten, xanthan gum is a safe alternative. Irritation from this ingredient is rare, with the most common side effect being bloating or gas. This would normally occur by ingesting large quantities of xanthan gum, which would be much higher than what is usually used for toothpaste. Those allergic to soy or corn may want to choose a different type of thickening agent. If inhaled in powder form, xanthan gum can cause respiratory distress.
Propylene Glycol
Propylene glycol is a derivative of natural gas. It is a viscous colourless liquid which is nearly odourless but possesses a faintly sweet taste. In toothpaste, it helps prevent products from drying out, acts as a thickener and provides sweetness.
Titanium Dioxide
Titanium oxide is a white, opaque substance found in a great variety of products – from food items to toothpaste to paint and medications. It is also one of the top 50 chemicals produced worldwide because of its color brightness and its high refractive index. In powder form, it is used as a pigment to provide whiteness and opacity to inks, foods, paints, medicine, and most toothpaste
Methylparaben
Methylparaben has antibiotic and anti-fungal properties that protect a number of different consumer products against microbial growth
Butylparaben
Gives the toothpaste a longer shelf-life and to keep the consistency of the toothpaste the same all-way through as well as making the product feel nice in the mouth
Carrageenan
Food-grade carrageenan is an extract of red seaweed (Chondrus crispus). It’s used as a binding agent and thickening agent in toothpaste. It binds and gels all the ingredients together.
Allaintoin
Glyoxyl-diureide or Allaintoin is a white, odourless, tasteless crystals or powder. Allaintoin relieves the skin irritation caused by soaps and detergents, acids, and alkalies in oral and skin care products. It is said to promote wound healing and tissue formation, but is not recognized for that by regulatory agencies
Propylene Glycol
Propylene glycol is a derivative of natural gas. It is a viscous colourless liquid which is nearly odourless but possesses a faintly sweet taste. In toothpaste, it helps prevent products from drying out, acts as a thickener and provides sweetness
Sodium Saccharin
Toothpaste manufacturers turn to artificial sweeteners, like saccharin, to mask the many bitter flavors of the ingredients in toothpaste.
PVM/MA
copolymer
PVM/MA Copolymer is a copolymer of methyl vinyl ether and maleic anhydride and is used as a binder. PVM/MA copolymer is a water fixative found in toothpaste that does a wonderful job of making triclosan stick to our oral tissues longer. In other words, it helps triclosan stay on our teeth and gums where it can kill bacteria, rather than getting rinsed away.
Tetrapotassium pyrophosphate
In toothpaste and dental floss, sodium pyrophosphate acts as a tartar control agent, serving to remove calcium and magnesium from saliva and thus preventing them from being deposited on teeth. Tetrasodium pyrophosphate is used in commercial dental rinses before brushing to aid in plaque reduction.
Sodium Fluorine
Sodium fluoride helps prevent cavities by strengthening your teeth and making them more resistant to acids in the mouth that can wear away enamel. It can even repair the enamel if a cavity has just started to form.
Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB)
Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is an organic compound derived from coconut oil and dimethylaminopropylamine. It is a mild foaming ingredient. It helps to emulsify and evenly maintain the flavor oils throughout the product in the tube. When brushing, the foaming action produced assists in the distribution of the product and then assists in the removal of debris from the mouth to ensure easy rinsing. Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is the second most commonly present allergen in toothpaste. Even with this being the second most common allergen, only 16 of the 80 toothpastes actually contained this surfactant.
Limonene
A natural solvent which cleanses and flavours products
Triclosan
Triclosan is one of the antibacterial medications used in toothpaste. Triclosan serves as preservative and anti-bacterial agent in toothpaste. It has been used in toothpaste to help control gingivitis. According to the American Dental Association, it helps reduce tartar and bad breath. Reports have suggested triclosan, an active ingredient in many toothpastes, can combine with chlorine in tap water to form chloroform, which the United States Environmental Protection Agency classifies as a probable human carcinogen. An animal study revealed the chemical might modify hormone regulation, and many other lab researches proved bacteria might be able to develop resistance to triclosan in a way which can help them to resist antibiotics, also.
Sodium Bicarbonate
Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is added for taste and mouth feel. It combines with acids to release carbon dioxide gas, adding to the foam produced by brushing. It is a mild abrasive. It may reduce the numbers of acid loving bacteria in the mouth, although this effect lasts only as long as the mouth stays alkaline. Toothpaste containing sodium bicarbonate has in several studies shown to have a better whitening and plaque removal effect than toothpastes without it.
Sodium Metasillicate
Sodium Metasilicate is a very basic compound. Sodium metasilicate is used in a variety of industrial and household settings. Sodium metasilicate enhances cleaning performance. While it is a cleaning and de-rusting solution, it is highly corrosive and should be handled with care.
Sodium Citrate
Sodium Citrate plays a role as desensitizing agents like Potassium Nitrate to reduce sensitivity of our teeth.
Sodium Hydroxide
Otherwise known as lye or caustic soda. In toothpaste it works to neutralize the pH of other ingredients.
Stannous Fluoride
Stannous Fluoride has similar function as sodium fluoride. Both of these two ingredients help prevent tooth decay. Stannous fluoride has been shown to be more effective than sodium fluoride in reducing the incidence of dental caries and controlling gingivitis. Stannous fluoride has been shown to provide antibacterial activity along with fluoride protection. However, it has the propensity to stain some people's teeth
Stevioside
Stevioside is a glycoside derived from the stevia plant, which can be used as a sweetener. It serves as a sweetener in toothpaste.
Sucralose
Sucralose is an artificial sweetener. Sucralose is found in many food and beverage products. It is used because it is a no-calorie sweetener and it does not promote dental cavities.
Zinc Citrate
Zinc citrate is a zinc salt. It is made when citric acid (derived from corn) is combined with the zinc source (zinc oxide) and a precipitate is formed which is purified and dried. Zinc citrate helps prevent tartar buildup by preventing plaque from hardening (calcifying). It is mild disinfectant to soothe minor mouth irritations and prevent gingivitis.
Sucralose
Sucralose is an artificial sweetener. Sucralose is found in many food and beverage products. It is used because it is a no-calorie sweetener and it does not promote dental cavities.
Menthol
Menthol is an organic compound made synthetically or obtained from cornmint, peppermint or other mintoils. It acts as flavorants in toothpaste
CI 77891 (CI stands for Colour Index)
Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula TiO2. When used as a pigment, it is called titanium white, Pigment White 6 (PW6), or CI 77891. Titanium dioxide is the most widely used white pigment because of its brightness and very high refractive index. TiO2 is also an effective opacifier in powder form, where it is employed as a pigment to provide whiteness and opacity to products such as toothpastes.
CI 74160
CI 74160 is an unsubstituted copper phthalocyanine (CuPc, CI 74160) in crystalline α-and β-forms are widely used as a blue pigment. It exists in toothpaste to give blue or green colouring.
Alcohol
Alcohol acts as preservatives in toothpaste to prevent bacterial growth on the organic binders and humectants. It also increases impact of the flavor, assists in the cleaning action and enhances the fresh taste.
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