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PUB251: A2, CARDIOVASCULAR REHAB IN AUSTRALIA

A description of the state of Australias CV Health, as well as reccomendations to change flaws in the system.
by

Keith Logan

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of PUB251: A2, CARDIOVASCULAR REHAB IN AUSTRALIA

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE WITHIN AUSTRALIA
Presented by: Katherine Farrell, Keith Logan,
Jennifer Mate and Rebecca Marden Overview
Introduction
The toll of Cardiovascular Disease
Current Governmental Interventions
(Continue with other group members) What is cardiovascular disease? Cardiovascular disease can be generically defined
as any disease affecting the cardiovascular system Currently Australias Second highest origin of Morbidity (following Cancer); yet it disables and kills a large portion of the population.
(AHF 2003)
In 2005, 252 405 males and 221 389 females died of a heart condition
Cardiovascular disease is the cause of death in 34% and 39% (Male and female respective) of all deaths in Australia within 2005
(AHF 2003, AIHW 2008) (AHF 2003) The top five determinants of cardiovascular disease are:
Tobacco (11.7%)
High blood pressure (7.6%)
Body mass index (7.5%)
High Cholesterol (6.2%)
Low physical activity (6.6%).
(AHF 2003) Many of these Comorbidities are
intertwined for one may cause the other
{Hall, L (1993)} COSTS? Cardiovascular disease cost the Australian government within 2008 was 6 billion dollars; this equal to 11.2% of the national healthcare expenditure. Magnus, Killion (2008) These costs go into
Acute care
Media
Opperating general health system Examples of Media campaigns Programs are:
the Measure Up Campaign,
A Healthy Active Australia
Drinking Nightmare Campaign
National Tobacco Campaign
(AIHW 2010)


These are designed to tackle the co morbidities of CVD, as well as delivering a general health promotion message An example of the frameworks used for CVD and the chronic disease caused by it are the "Australian Heart Foundations - Time for action" and the AIHW "National Chronic Disease Network"
(AHF 2007, AIHW 2006) The main purpose of “reducing risk” is to lower the incidence of high blood pressure, raised blood cholesterol, physical inactivity, being overweight or obese, low fruit and vegetable consumption smoking, alcohol abuse, psychosocial risk factors including depression and social isolation. This is done through media campaigns like the “measure up” campaign, and the tightening of regulations regarding fast food, and snack food advertising in terms of adolescents.
(AHF 2007)
“Early detection and prevention” consists of training of health professionals and the general public to understand the signs of CVD, and act appropriately.
(AHF 2007)
AHF 2007 - TIME FOR ACTION FRAMEWORK Management and clinical care consists of adequate evidence based care for GP’s and health professionals in terms of CVD, networks are also created to make the process more fluent/efficient.
(AHF 2007)


End of life care applies to those who are dying of their disease and respectful treatment is needed •Author unknown (2010) “Cardiovascular disease” Department of Health and Aging: Canberra. Obtained from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/chronic-cardio-gov 20/4/10 (Last updated 2 March 2010)
•Magnus, P. Killion, S. “Australia’s health 2008” A Institute for Health and Welfare: Canberra
•Hall, L (1993) Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs. Human Kinetics: Pittsborough PA

•Billew, B. Abernethy, P. Bell, K. Boyden, A. Daube, M. Greenland, R. Hasley, Geoff. Lalor, E. (2007) “Time for Action: A national plan to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease – Australia’s biggest killer” Heart Foundation of Australia and National Stroke Foundation: Canberra.
•National Health Priority Action Council (NHPAC) (2006), National Chronic Disease Strategy, Australian Government Department of Health and Aging: Canberra.
•Begg, S. Vos, T. (2003) “The burden of cardiovascular disease in Australia for the year 2003” Heart Foundation of Australia: Canberra.’
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