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Ferdinand Magellan

The life of Ferdinand Magellan.
by

Piper McLean

on 21 October 2015

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Transcript of Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan
By Soumiya, Joyce and Jane
October 1520
, Magellan and his men had entered what is now called the Strait of Magellan.
Enduring a hard and arduous journey throught the strait
28 November 1520
, they sailed into open sea on the other side.
Strait of Magellan
Born in Portugal,
circa 1480.

Became a page for the queen
Studied mapmaking and navigation, poring over texts on cartography, astronomy, and celestial navigation
By his mid-20s, he was sailing in large fleets
Engaged in combat and therefore became an experiences sailor
6 March 1521
, fleet reached the island of Guam
Later
in
March, 1521
, Magellan’s fleet reached the edge of the Philippines on the island of Cebu.
Magellan himself led the attack against Mactanese Magellan died on
April 27, 1521.
Philippines

Set sail on
20 September 1519.
Fleet consisted of four carracks and a flagship caravel
Around 250 sailors
Carried goods to trade
Believed that he could find a shorter route to the Spice Islands by sailing west
Approached King Manuel of Portugal to seek his support for a westward voyage to the Spice Islands
King refused his petition repeatedly
Renounced his Portuguese nationality and relocated to Spain
Petitioned the Spanish king, Charles V.
With the support of King Charles V of Spain, Magellan set out to find a better route to the Spice Islands.
This is a picture of Ferdiand Magellan.
This is a map of Portugal in the 1500's.
Puerto San Julián
Rio De Janeiro
Magellan sailed down the coast of Africa,
South-west over the Atlantic
Stopping briefly at Guanabara Bay to repair ships, take on fresh supplies of food and water
Magellan continues south again to search for a channel
It became colder and there was still no sign of a westward route.
The fleet stopped in the sheltered harbour of Puerto San Julián.
Here they stayed for many months, the weather making progress impossible.
An attempted mutiny took place and one of the ships was wrecked.
In the Pacific Ocean

Magellan knew nothing about the size of the ocean he had reached.
He thought a voyage to the Spice Islands might take a few weeks. But as it turned out, his fleet were to sail westward for over three months.


The Spice Islands
The Beginning (Spain)
Portugal
The Early Years
Spain
Ferdinands' Legacy and Achievements
The remaining 2 ships escaped the Philippines and continued on towards the Spice Islands, arriving in
November, 1521.


The Spanish commander of the last ship, the Victoria, set sail December and reached Spain on
September 8, 1522
with a heavy cargo of spices but with only 18 men from the original crew.


Provide Europe access to spices
Geographic knowledge
Found a massive ocean
Discovered that the earth was much larger than previously thought.
Discredited the theory that the world was flat


Bibliography
Here are two artists depictions of Magellan's fleet.
An image of Rio de Janeiro
An artists depiction of the battle
An image of the Magellan Shrine
A boat in the harbour of Puerto San Julian
Two maps showing the Strait of Magellan.
Images of caravels.
An old map of the spice islands
A depiction of the caravel 'Victoria'.
Ferdiand Magellan (online, accessed 16 October 2015) http://cdn.history.com/sites/2/2013/11/142084686-AB.jpeg

Map of Portugal (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
http://www.history-map.com/picture/004/pictures/Portugal-1500s-in.jpg

Painting of Magellan’s Fleet (online, accessed 17 October 2015)
http://media1.s-nbcnews.com/j/msnbc/Components/Photo_StoryLevel/080515/080515-magellan-hmed1p.grid-6x2.jpg

Drawing of Magellan’s Fleet (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large/1-magellans-fleet-1519-granger.jpg

Rio De Janeiro (online, accessed 19 October 2015)
http://www.antique-prints.de/shop/catalog.php?cat=KAT70&product=P000502&sid8C7206B11AE9452E813C63DC513C7BDE=15c2d983fdedc3332cf9dcd390c282e3

Puerto San Julian (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTY9g8t80GWzb9o4mo8GBcMFoUUYz7dm0PpwT3R5tEUqgpU6SuZ

Strait of Magellan Modern Map (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
http://hellomistertravel.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/strait-of-magellan-world-map-4fco0an.jpg

Bibliography
Strait of Magellan Old Map (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/Strait_of_Magellan.jpeg

Caravel 1 (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
http://stpaulscollege.ie/history/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/caravel.jpg

Caravel 2 (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
http://pk.b5z.net/i/u/2183976/i/caravel.jpg

Caravel Ship Parts (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSEw7CJ4Lu5ptdv0g8MMCf3JIhxQeRTrb8o9rD5Qw3t7mN2aWswGQ

Mariana Islands (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_fwPHdfoK5nw/TKVJGrWeJ3I/AAAAAAAAAGo/CS23hBLINjE/s400/geography-of-northern-marianas0.gif

Magellan’s Death (online accessed 16 October 2015)
http://ageofex.marinersmuseum.org/mm_images/E178C7_p366_DeathMagellan_large.jpg

Spice Islands (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/maps/websites/pacific/spice-islands/map-moluccas-aa-1707.jpg

The Caravel Victoria (online, accessed 16 October 2015)
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/Detail_from_a_map_of_Ortelius_-_Magellan's_ship_Victoria.png

Bibliography
Ferdinand Magellan Biography (online accessed 8 October 2015)
http://www.biography.com/people/ferdinand-magellan-9395202

Ferdinand Magellan (online accessed 8 October 2015)
http://www.history.com/topics/exploration/ferdinand-magellan

Ferdinand Magellan 1480 - 1521 (online accessed 10 October 2015)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/magellan_ferdinand.shtml

Ferdinand Magellan (online accessed 8 October 2015)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Magellan



Stewart Ross, 2011, Into the Unknown, Walker Books LTD, London

Roderic Owen, 1979, Great Explorers, Artus Publishing Company Ltd, London



Books
Websites
Full transcript