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Copy of The Era of Slavery and Secession (1846-1860)
Transcript of Copy of The Era of Slavery and Secession (1846-1860)
-Walmot Proviso passed by U.S. House of Representatives to prevent slavery in lands captured from Mexico.(Later rejected by the Southern Senates, which created havoc between the North and the South)
- Mexican-American started
- The Mexican-American war was carried on for extending slavery, strengthening the slave power, and obtaining control of the free states.
- Wisconsin was added to the Union
- Southerners abutment Narciso Lopez's attack to account an insurgence in Cuba in favor of American addition of the island, which allows slavery. Lopez was defeated and fled to the United States. He was approved for abuse of neutrality laws but a New Orleans board failed to captive him.
- The California Gold Rush abruptly populates Northern California with Northern and foreigner pioneers who outnumber Southerner pilgrims. California's constitutional assembly unanimously rejects slavery and petitions to join the union as a free state without first being arranged as a region.
- Harriet Tubman flees from slavery. Pacing the Undgerground Railroad 20 times, she sought out other slaves looking for freedom.
- Slave population in US: 3,204,313
- The state capital Convention of 9 Southern states discusses states' rights and slavery in June; in Nov, the convention talks concerning secession however adjourns thanks to the passage of the laws that represent the Compromise of 1850.
- Harriet Beecher Stowe introduces his book, Uncle Tom's Cabin, as a reply to the pro-slavery movement.
- The Kansas-Nebraska Act surpassed Congress and this disordered the Missouri Compromise commencing the Northern lands to slavery. Each side begun to send settlers into the areas in an attempt to mold the future condition of these areas.
As Kansas arranged for elections, thousands of Border hoodlums from Missouri accessed the lands in an attempt to affect the election. This begun the Bloody Kansas era with corresponding constitutional meetings, divided elections, and continuous, brutal attacks.
Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner, conveyed a speech abusing slavery defenders in the Senate. Causing him to get beaten by a cane from South Carolina Representative Preston Brooks, Butler's nephew.
- Congress passed a tax, rates at their lowest since 1812 to 20%, this was avoided in the North and approved in the South.
- Dred Scott Decision - The Supreme Court judged in Scott v. Sandford that blacks weren't U.S. citizens, and slave keepers had the right to take current slaves into free areas of the county.
Entering the union as a free state, Minnesota became the thirty-second state.
Entering the Union as a free state, Oregon became the thirty-third state. Also, John Brown attacked Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Then a Federal Army regular, Robert E. Lee, accompanied the troops and arrested Brown. John Brown and two black members of his band were hanged.
Lincoln's win in the election and becoming president had disastrous effects on the Democratic Party, which led us into the Civil War, and created the need for the U.S.