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Transcript of Cinema
In 1927, the British Government, in order to promote the market in India for British films, formed the Indian Cinematograph Enquiry Committee.
Till then the actors had no voice. Hence this era is called the silent era. RAJA HARISHCHANDRA
is a 1913 silent Indian film directed and produced by Marathi icon Dadasaheb Phalke, and is the first full-length Indian feature film. The film was based on the legend of King Harishchandra, recounted in theRamayana and the Mahabharata. It was only after the turn of the century that Indian entertainment underwent a sea change when the Father of Indian Cinema, Dadasaheb Phalke, released his pathbreaking film of the Silent Era, Raja Harishchandra., based on a mythological character. It was the Lumiere Brothers who
introduced the art of cinema to the
sub-continent. Bombay, as it was then
called, was the first Indian city to
screen Cinematography, six short films
by these cinematic pioneers. 100 years of Bollywood SSSSSSSS
Films developed more and more with time. hindi
cinema took a new turn with the release of Alam
Ara made by Ardeshir Irani and screened in
Bombay in 1931.
Finally, India’s actors had found a voice. They could talk, they could shout, they could even cry, and they could do one more thing – sing for their audiences! It was a gift that remains the signature of the quintessential Hindi film to date. Silent era to talkies The 30s saw the emergence of three big banners of cinema- Prabhat, Bombay Talkies and New Theatres.
They took lead in making films on gripping social themes that enthralled the wide audience.
Some of the famous films of the era of talkies are Daku ki Ladki, Miss 1933, King of Ayodhya. India’s struggle for independence in the 1950s finally parted the curtain on the Golden Age of Indian cinema. The period from 1940 to 1960 is often referred to as the "Golden Age" of Hindi cinema. Golden era Indian cinema moved one step further with the release of K Asif`s Mughal-e-Azam in 1960. The film kickstarted a trail of romantic movies all over India.
Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Ritwik Ghatak, Aravindan, Satyajit Ray, Shaji Karun and several other art film directors were making movies that took India to international fame and glory. It was in the golden age that Hindi films began to get noticed in the International market and award functions. Mother India got nominated for Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and a social film, Neecha Nagar, won the Grand Prize at the first Canned Film Festival. This age laid the foundation stones for the modern age of post 1960's cinema. This was Bollywood’s heyday, a time when director Ramesh Sippy gave us his Sholay (1975). The film, which has been internationally acclaimed, also clinched the title of ‘superstar’ for Amitabh Bachchan.
While Indian commercial cinema enjoyed popularity among movie-goers, Indian art cinema did not go unnoticed. Ritwik Ghatak, Aravindan, Satyajit Ray, Shyam Benegal, and several other art film directors were making movies that gave India international fame and glory. The eighties saw the advent of women film makers such as Vijaya Mehta ('Rao Saheb'), Aparna Sen ('36- Chouwringhee Lane', 'Parama'), Sai Pranjpye ('Chashme Baddoor', 'Katha', 'Sparsh'), Kalpana Lajimi ('Ek Pal'), Prema Karanth ('Phaniamma') and Meera Nair ('Salaam Bombay'). It was also the decade when sultry siren Rekha wooed audiences with her stunning performance in 'Umrao Jaan' in 1981. Modern Cinema Cinema today In 90's, it was a mixed genre of romantic, thrillers, action and comedy films. A stark upgrade can be seen on the canvas as technology gifted the industry Dolby digital sound effects, advanced special effects, choreography and international appeal.
The development brought about finer scripts and performances. And stars like Shah Rukh Khan, Rajnikanth, Madhuri Dixit, Salman Khan, Aamir Khan, Chiranjeevi, Juhi Chawla and Hrithik Roshan began to explore ways to use new techniques to enrich Indian cinema with their performances. Film censorship became necessary because a film motivates thought and action and assures a high degree of attention and retention as compared to the printed word.
The Central Board of Film Certification (often referred to as the Censor Board) is a statutory censorship and classification body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. Censor board Certificates Issued Language Drugs Sexual Content Violence Rating Process The swinging 60s and radical 70s that were found to exert considerable impacts on the Indian society. Popular perception did change and the unrestrained Indian youth started to find its own replica in the celluloid through the angry heroes.
The easy portrayal of consumption of liquor and cigarettes as a fashion statement has taken the youth on a roll.
The fashion has always been altered in accordance with the actors and the actresses making the people forget their culture How Bollywood affects us The 90s saw the emergence of new age filmmakers like Mani Ratnam, Ram Gopal Varma, Madhur Bhandarkar, Anurag Kashyap, Deva Katta, Nagesh Kukunoor and others. Use of inadequate language and bold scenes on the white screen has encouraged the loss of maidenhead at young age resulting in teen pregnancy followed by increase in rate of teen suicides.
They trigger thoughts that lead to benefit of the society and indeed make them better in a way and some times, act the other way around and provoke them The industry revived because of two significant reforms made
i) Movies were released in only a handful of
cinema halls with good infrastructure
ii) Incoming of multi-plex In the early 90s, the industry was on a verge of collapse; ridden by piracy, under-world influence and poor exhibitor infrastructure. This simply catalyzed the business of cinema as the overall turnover value skyrocketed upwards In recent years, cinema has undergone a massive change, and in the 21st century, it has reached the new millennium and offbeat moviemakers like Shimit Amin, Dibakar Banerjee, and others are making their presence felt.
Movies like Dev D, Shanghai, a Wednesday, Gangs of Wasseypur, Shaitan etc have gained popularity amongst the youth. Other
aspects Cinematography today includes high tech cameras, beautiful graphics and a 100 new ideas.
Along with improvement of the gadgets, the concept of 3D also has flown in from the west which is slowly being adopted by many filmmakers.
Also movies based on technology have become very popular. It started with Robot down south, which encouraged bollywood filmmakers to make movies like Ra-one. Technology in cinema The first to come up was the Filmfare awards, which was followed by the Zee Cine awards and Star screen awards. Today the IIFA is the most prestigious as it is on an international front. National awards HISTORY Bollywood : A rage This era produced India’s most critically acclaimed films and memorable actors of all time. Among those are Guru Dutt, Mehboob Khan, Raj Kapoor, Balraj Sahani, Nargis, Meena Kumari, Madhubala and Dilip Kumar. National award is the biggest award as it is at a national level. Every year, a national panel appointed by the government selects the winning entry, and the award ceremony is held in New Delhi, where the President of India presents the awards. The entire film fraternity is awarded for the good work done by them. There is no dearth of awards in India. Project by Maithri