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The Typewriter

A timeline of historical events leading up to (and including) the Soweto Uprising in 1976 in South Africa. Created in conjunction with the short story, "The Typewriter," in Beverly Naidoo's Out of Bounds: Seven Stories of Conflict and Hope.

Jessica Fries-Gaither

on 29 May 2010

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Transcript of The Typewriter

1953. Bantu education act The act created separate educational systems for black children as opposed to other races (white, Indian, and Coloured). Black children were denied an education that would encourage them to hold positions of authority or power. Instead, they were given a curriculum that prepared them to serve their own people in the homelands or to work as labourers as whites. The government also stops funding black schools, and many mission schools close as a result. Students protest the Bantu Education Act, 1955. Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons. 1963. Coloured Person's Education Act This act created the Department of Coloured Affairs
to oversee the education of coloured children. These children
were banned from white schools. 1965. indian education act The education of Indian children becomes
the responsibility of the Department of Indian
Affairs. There are now four separate, and unequal
education systems. 1974. Afrikaans medium decree This decree forced all black schools to
teach a 50-50 mix of English and Afrikaans. It was extremely unpopular, as
Arikaans was viewed among black South Africans to be the "language of the oppressor." April 30, 1976. Students strike Students at Orlando West Junior High
go on strike and refuse to go to school. June 13, 1976. Student Action Committee Student Teboho "Tsietsi" MacDonald Mashinin
calls for a meeting to discuss course of action. Students organize a mass rally for June 16 to protest
the use of Afrikaans in black schools. June 16, 1976. Soweto Uprising Thousands of black students march to Orlando stadium
for a rally. The protest was intended to be peaceful.
police had barricaded the route, so the march shifted directions. Some students threw stones, causing the police to fire into the crowd. Panic ensued. Violence escalates, police patrol Soweto throughout
the night. 23 people were killed on the first day, including
12 year old Hector Pieterson. A photograph published in the newspaper becomes a symbol of the uprising. Hector Pieterson is carried by his friend
during the Soweto uprising. Photo credit: http://laurenbeukes.book.co.za/blog/2009/07/08/cover-story/ June 17, 1976. Violence Continues 1,500 heavily armed police patrol Soweto.
Tensions run high and the violence continues.
Approximately 600 people were killed, and a
thousand wounded over the next few weeks.
The Typewriter is set approximately one week
after the June 16 uprising. Education in Apartheid South Africa:
The Soweto Uprising and Beverly Naidoo's
"The Typewriter" Antionette Sithole, Hector Pieterson's sister, talks about her experience during the uprising. Images of the Soweto uprising Video credit: WSSUrampages Video credit: Jasam92
Full transcript