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The relationship between Etiology and Therapeutic approach in relation to Depression
Transcript of The relationship between Etiology and Therapeutic approach in relation to Depression
in relation to Depression What is Etiology? Biological Approaches and Therapies This is the study of the cause or the causes of a disease or a condition.
It can be used to provide clues into methods of treatment which might be effective. Etiology Of Depression There is no single or definite cause of depression.
Depression can be a result of many factors.
The greater the chance of these 'risk' factors,
the higher the chance of one becoming
No 'correct cure' has been found. Seratonin Levels
Hypothesis (Coppen, 1967)
Deficiency in seratonin in the brain leads to depression.
There is no baseline balanced level of serotonin to measure against.
Antidepressant drugs (e.g. Prozac) are used to regulate the levels of seratonin by preventing reuptake.
Problems with the Seratonin Hypothesis No clear link between serotonin levels and depression.
Drugs are not a complete cure for depression and have side effects
Placebos can be as effective
Study done by Elkin et al. (1989)
Backward Reasoning - Lacasse & Leo (2005)
Cognitive Approaches and Therapies Aaron Beck (1976): People diagnosed with depression have a style of thinking based on a cognitive triad.
Individuals keep these negative thoughts and this results in them having a negative perception towards life and themselves.
BUT it is not clear if this is a true cause of depression
Theory was extended by Hankin & Ambramson (2001)
Traumatic experiences form a part of this negative perception and gives targets for therapy