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Transcript of Yoga History
Forms of Yoga
8 Limbs of Yoga
Ancient writings and beginnings:
What does Yoga mean?
Requirements to be a Yogi:
1. Yamas "restraints"
2. Niyamas "observances"
3. Asana- 84 main postures with hundreds of variations
4. Pranayama- expanding the life force within
5. Pratyahara- withdrawal of the senses
6. Dharana- concentration of the mind
7. Dhyana- stillness of the mind, meditation
"equal" "eternal" "balanced"
Union with the divine
The mind becomes still with one-pointedness consciousness
All suffering ceases to exist
Every step of yoga is practiced to reach this space of enlightenment
When did Yoga start?
From "yug" meaning "to yoke"
Unity of body, mind, and spirit
A way of life inclusive of all religions
Both a discipline and philosophy
The way to reach enlightenment or "samadhi"
Originated 5,000 years ago in/around India
Ancient artifacts found
Most ancient texts were Vedas
Teacher to student- not in texts
Higher priest caste
10,000- 8,000 ya (Pre-Classical)
Rig Veda- origin texts
3,000 ya (Classical)
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Foundation of modern Yoga philosophy
1,000-200 ya (Post-Classical)
Start of Tantra and physical yoga practices
Krishnamacharya opened 1st Hatha Yoga school
Swami Satchidinanda born
Yoga of the heart
The offering of devotion
Utilizes emotion as a form of practice
Kirtan- call and response
Jnaya (Jnana) Yoga
Knowledge or insight
The knowledge lies within us, we only have to discover it
Recognizing the real from the unreal
Process of controlling mind
Ruling inner kingdom wisely
Mantra means "to protect or set free from the mind"
Focus mind to open awareness to pure essence of yourself
Ex: "So ham" mantra "I am"
Yoga through action
Self-less service to others or "seva"
No attachment to the result of your actions
If attachment, then stir up likes and dislikes
"spiritual energy located at the base of the spine"
Awakening of power within
Done with postures, breath control, and energy locks
Energy moves up from base of spine through all seven chakras
Expand awareness through all states of consciousness
Offers techniques for re-programming the mind and desires
Basis of Hatha Yoga
Maybe 1,000 years old...
Krishnamacharya started physical postures about 200 years ago
History in West, only 100 years
Prepare for meditation
Styles include: Iyengar, Anusara, Ashtanga, Bikram, Yin, Vinyasa, Integral, Kripalu, Pheonix Rising, Forrest, Power, Jivamukti, White Lotus, Restorative, etc.
Bramacharya= controlling the senses; not wasting energy on something that doesn't serve a purpose
Tapas= austerity (fiery discipline)
Svadhaya= study of self
Ishvara pradnihana= surrender to actions of God