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Yoga History

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Aleen Dailey

on 11 December 2017

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Transcript of Yoga History

Forms of Yoga
8 Limbs of Yoga
Ancient writings and beginnings:
What does Yoga mean?
Requirements to be a Yogi:
1. Yamas "restraints"
2. Niyamas "observances"
3. Asana- 84 main postures with hundreds of variations
4. Pranayama- expanding the life force within
5. Pratyahara- withdrawal of the senses
6. Dharana- concentration of the mind
7. Dhyana- stillness of the mind
"equal" "eternal" "balanced"

Union with the divine
The mind becomes still with one-pointedness consciousness
All suffering ceases to exist
Every step of yoga is practiced to reach this space of enlightenment
The History
When did Yoga start?
From "yug" meaning "to yoke"
Unity of body, mind, and spirit
A way of life inclusive of all religions
Both a discipline and philosophy
The way to reach enlightenment or "samadhi"
Originated 5,000 years ago in/around India
Ancient artifacts found
Most ancient texts were Vedas
Lineage-based tradition
Exclusively men
Teacher to student- not in texts
Higher priest caste
Cleansing practices
Devotional practices
Self-less service
Physical practices
1,500-1,200 BCE
Rig Veda- origin
800 BCE
Upanishads- philosophical
400 BCE
Bhagavad Gita- Arjuna & Krishna
150 BCE
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Foundation of modern Yoga philosophy
Bhakti Yoga
Yoga of the heart
The offering of devotion
Utilizes emotion as a form of practice
Kirtan- call and response
Jnaya (Jnana) Yoga
Knowledge or insight
The knowledge lies within us, we only have to discover it
Recognizing the real from the unreal
Reach "samadhi"
Raja Yoga
Process of controlling mind
Our 8 limbs of yoga comes from this tradition
Mantra Yoga
Mantra means "to protect or set free from the mind"
Focus mind to open awareness to pure essence of yourself
Ex: "So ham" mantra "I am"
Karma Yoga
Yoga of action
Self-less service to others or "seva"
No attachment to the result of your actions
Spiritual activism
Kundalini Yoga
Awakening of power within
Done with postures, breath control, kriyas, and energy locks
Energy moves up from base of spine through all seven chakras
Tantra Yoga
Expand awareness through all states of consciousness
Offers techniques for re-programming the mind and desires
Hatha Yoga
Maybe 1,000 years old...
Krishnamacharya started physical postures about 200 years ago
History in West, only 100 years
Prepare for meditation
Styles include: Iyengar, Anusara, Ashtanga (also 8-fold path), Bikram, Yin, Vinyasa, Integral, Kripalu, Pheonix Rising, Forrest, etc.
Ahimsa= non-violence
Satya= truthfulness
Asteya= non-stealing
Bramacharya= controlling the senses; not wasting energy on something that doesn't serve a purpose
Aparigraya= non-coveting
Saucha= cleanliness
Santosha= contentment
Tapas= austerity (fiery discipline)
Svadhaya= study of self
Ishvara pradnihana= surrender to actions of God
Full transcript