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Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution: The Story Behind the Story
Transcript of Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution: The Story Behind the Story
Behind Animal Farm
The rebellion in the book represents the Russian Revolution. Just as the serfs revolted against the aristocracy, the animals revolted against the farmers.
The Battle of the Cowshed
The Battle of the Cowshed represents a 1919 uprising. Just as the farmers tried again to take back the farm and failed, in 1919 the landowning classes, aided by Western help formed a 'White Army' to fight back; however, they were defeated by the Bolsheviks.
Pigs during the revolution
Squealer represents the propaganda. Just as the propaganda was used by Stalin to justify his actions and make him seem correct, Squealer made Napoleon appear to be the hero.
Napoleon represents Josef Stalin. Just as Stalin was a part of the revolution, then gradually took over Russia, Napoleon was part of the revolution, and gradually took over Animal Farm.
Snowball represents Trotsky. Just as Trotsky hoped to help the people through following Lenin's beliefs, Snowball hoped to help the animals through following Old Major's beliefs.
Old Major represents Lenin. Just as Lenin tried to free the serfs and rebel, Old Major tried to free the animals and rebel.
The Second Attack on the Windmill
The second attack on the windmill represents World War II.
The Windmill represents the modernization and industrialization of Russia. Just as Russia industrialized to improve itself, the animals built the windmill to improve themselves.
Reason Leaders are Pigs
The reason George Orwell
made the Russian leaders pigs was because just as pigs are regarded to be foul and clever, Orwell believed these leaders were foul and clever.
Mollie represents the aristocracy. At first, Mollie/the aristocrats supports the cause since her wealth will be kept. After Napoleon/Stalin take it away, Mollie/the aristocrats "defect."
Mr. Jones represents Tsar Nicholas II. Just as Mr. Jones "ruled" the farm, the Tsar ruled Russia.
In the book, the animals follow a philosophy called animalism. In reality, animalism is supposed to represent Karl Marx's philosophy of communism. Animalism celebrates equality among all animals with no class distinctions between, say, pigs and horses, just like Marx’s vision of the collapse of class distinction between the owner of capital and the proletariat.
Moses represents the Russian Orthodox Church. For both Moses and the Church, Old Major and Lenin saw the Church as a threat, as they preached their beliefs. However, Napoleon and Stalin used the Church to their advantage, making them a form of motivation for the animals
Clover represents the working-class people who half-realized that the time before the Revolution was much better than afterwards.
Benjamin represents the knowledgable middle-class which did nothing in response to Stalin’s growth in power.
Muriel represents the working class people who are educated enough to see the true problems with their government, but don't have the power to change anything.
The dogs represent the KGB, or Stalin's bodyguards. The dogs guarded Napoleon, just as Stalin's bodyguards guarded Stalin.
The sheep represent the proletariat masses of Russia. Both were ready for change, and blindly followed their new leaders.
Mr. Frederick, Pinchfield, Mr. Pilkington, Foxwood
Mr. Frederick and Pinchfield represent Hitler and Germany, just as Mr. Pilkington and Foxwood represent the Western Allies. The situations in the book alludes to the non-aggression pact Hitler and Stalin made. Even though it seems that Napoleon/Stalin were against Hitler/Frederick and with the Allies/Pinchfield, Napoleon/Stalin form an alliance with Hitler/Pinchfield. Only after Hitler (invasion of Russia)/Frederick (Battle of the Windmill) break the pact do Napoleon/Stalin go back to the Allies/Pilkington through the Tehran Conference/dinner with the pigs.
Manor Farm changes to Animal Farm after the rebellion. In Russia, the serfs rebel against the aristocracy.
MANOR = aristocracy
ANIMAL = serfs considered to be animals
farm = most Russians were farmers
Animal Farm isn't simply about animals. George Orwell wrote this story as an allegory for the Russian Revolution. The following slides will break down the elements of the story and relate them to the Russian Revolution.
through this story, george orwell was able to educate the massses about the problems in russia.
Boxer represents the Boxer Rebellion in China because the Boxers were people who were very strong in fighting, but always followed the Qing Dynasty and never identified the problem, similar to Russia, as the working-class people together could prove to be strong; however, they decided to not deal with the problems the government imposed on them and stay in line with the government.
Is there truly a difference between man and pig?
There is truly no difference between man and pig.
Animal Farm - The Movie