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Art and Ethics

TOK Presentation
by

Veronica Jacobi

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of Art and Ethics

Situation1: Ethical Emotion: Using the Utilitarian perspective, this peice is enethical because it upset many people, possibly hurt some cats and now Fabre has been beaten and threatened and is scared. Nobody is happy. Using the Kant perspective, Fabre intended to throw cats up stairs. That was his performance. He didn't take measures to ensure everyone would be happy Situation 2: Unethical I could only really think of two reasons why this is ethical. Situation 2: Ethical Situation 1: Unethical Emotion: Using the Utilitarian perspective, Banksy's art is unethical because it caused a public outcry and upset LA officials, human rights activists and possibly Tai the elephant. Using Kant's philosophy, Banksy obviously meant to paint an elephant and stick it in a room. The people in the room were fake, yet Banksy used a real elephant Art and Ethics Can we justify animal cruelty in art? Rotate axis and
drag frames
to change
balance Who I Am As A Knower I am an 18 year old student who is part of the IB Diploma program. I consider myself an artist; I am part of the DP Arts Program and I plan to study art in college. I really like art, and I really like the work of one of the artists I'll be talking about today. Everyone in my immediate family can draw or paint or make art and art has always been a huge part of my life, even before I actually started making it. I believe in human rights like freedom of speech, but I also believe in animal rights and I'm a vegetarian. Ethics Ethics is a part of philosophy that deals with the morals in society; what is 'right' and what is 'wrong'
The two major philosophies in ethics I'll be dealing with today is the philosophy of Kant and the Utilitarian philosophy. Kant believed if someones intentions were good, they were good, no matter the outcome. Utilitarians believe whatever creates the most happiness is the most ethical choice Ways of Knowing Emotion: The ways of knowing that deals with human emotion. In ethics, emotion deals with intent and happiness, depending on the philosophy
Logic: Critical thinking, opposite of emotion. In ethics, deals with what is best for society Situation 1: The Elephant in the Room This is a piece by Banksy, an unknown street artist and one of my favorite artists. Banksy's work is often thought provoking and the purpose of this art is to raise awareness about global poverty. I's a reference to the phrase "the elephant in the room". The owner of the elephant (who's name is Tai) said the elephant was not harmed and was frequently used in movies and was used to makeup Emotion From the utilitarian perspective, it is ethical because it raises awareness for global poverty which affects billions of people and Tai the elephant was used to these situations and one elephant's happiness is not more important than millions of peoples From the Kant perspective, Banksy's intention was not to harm Tai in anyway, butto raise awareness about global poverty. Banksy did not mean to break any laws or hurt Tai and he was working with Tai's owner and thought his art project wouldn't hurt her Logic Using the utilitarian perspective, the piece was ethical because it tried to help fix poverty and if poverty was eradicated, societies stricken by poverty would function more efficiently Using Kant's philosophy, Banksy's art was supposed to be art. Art is an important part of our society because it allows us to share and communicate ideas, which allows us to have better functioning societies. Banksy intended to create art and communicate his ideas about poverty Logic: Using the Utilitarian perspective, Banksy's art caused some problems with LA officials because of animal rights activists. Officials are what keeps a society or town working efficiently. Banksy's art disrupted the order in society.
Kant's philosophy says that intention was to create controversialart, and controversial art often disrupts order and is therefore unethical. Banksy knew using an actual elephant would be more controversial, so he used an animal to create controversy Situation 2: Cat Video This is performance art by Jan Fabre, a Belgium artist, who threw cats up a flight of stairs. The video has been critisized for depicting animal violence, and for a poor set up.
Fabre has received around 20,000 angry emails, has been attacked 7 times by men with clubs and is forced to sleep in different locations every night. Fabre has said "'I am deeply sorry that the cats landed badly. I want to apologize to cat lovers. It was not my intention to injure or hurt the cats. The cats are fine" Logic: Using the Utilitarian perspective, this is unethical because now police have to protect Fabre just because of his performance, which means Fabre is wasting police resources that could be used to benefit society. Using Kant's perspective, this is unethical because like Banksy, Fabre wanted to be controversial Kant Fabre said he didn't mean to hurt the cats. He meant to make art and he kind of padded the stairs Utilitarian Art communicates ideas and if we stopped having art or restricted art, we would stop sharing ideas the way we do and society wouldn't function as well as it does Works Cited "Banksy's Elephant Provokes Anger." BBC News. BBC, 18 Sept. 2006. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.
Belgian Artist Threw Terrified Cats Up a Flight of Stairs for Performance. Dir. Tvbodaga and WVN: World Viral News. Perf. Jan Fabre. Youtube.com. Google, 10 Nov. 2012. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.
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