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Gross Motor Skills Development -Whizz Kids

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by

Ali Alatas

on 12 October 2016

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Transcript of Gross Motor Skills Development -Whizz Kids

The What, Why and How of Gross Motor Skill Development
What are gross motor skills?
All the internal processes involved in moving
Physical activity benefits:
Why are we less active than before?
We rely more on cars for transport and labour-saving devices such as:
escalators
elevators
remote controls
washing machines
Worldwide people are less active than they were a few decades ago and spend more time indoors.
And there is an increase in sedentary activities:
watching television
playing video games
using the computer.
What effects does this reduced activity have?
How do gross motor skills develop?
Nerve Cell Connections
Nerve cell connections are built by:

the experiences babies and children have every day and
nurturing relationships they form with their carers.
It's important to get the foundation of brain development right
The foundation of brain development is vital as higher level pathways are built on lower level ones. You need a strong foundation to attain the more complex and higher order brain processing.
Positive Experiences
Positive early experiences result in optimal brain development, which in turn provides the foundation for the other skills and abilities children need for success at school and for life.
What can you do to develop gross motor skills?
Any toys or activities that encourage the movement of:
Rocker Toys
Core strength
Postural control
Balance
Adjust to movement
Ride-on Toys
Push or Pull Toys
Get outside with your active toys and watch your child’s brain light up like a Christmas tree with the explosion of sensory experiences!

It’s also a proven stress reliever.
Other Benefits
Not only do active toys or activities help develop brain cell connections. They improve the health of muscles, bones and heart and many other benefits to your child:
References
Brain Development in Children Australian Early Development Census (AEDC)
www.AECD.gov.au

Putting Children First National Childcare Accreditation Council (NCAC) Issue 30 June 2009 Pages 3-5

GET UP & GROW HEALTHY EATING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD Australian Government Department of Health
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/gug-indig-handbook

Total Learning Developmental Curriculum for the Young Child 3rd Edition Joanne Henrick Merril Publishing 1990
At birth, your child’s brain is the size of your
DNA in your genes provides the initial map for brain development.
According to the 2011–12 Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian Health Survey, Australian children are overweight or obese.


Being overweight or obese increases the risk of many diseases.
It reduces life expectancy.
Increases the chance of psychological problems.
Can cause learning problems at school.
Will help in the development of:
Rolling
Reaching
Sitting
Crawling
Walking
Climbing
Legs & arms
Hands
Feet
Head and neck
Torso/core
Arm, Leg & Core strength
Co-ordination of both sides of the body
Balance
Adjust to movement
Endurance
Arm, leg & core strength
Support for the emergent walker
Co-ordination of both sides of the body
Why are gross motor skills important?
the body
emotions
creativity
social and
cognitive skills.
large
muscle groups in the body.
25%
80%
child’s adult brain. By 3 years old, it's at
1
in
4
Significant connections or synapses are made between nerve cells (neurons) during the first years of a child’s life and this effectively programs child development.

A 3 year old will have around brain connections or synapses which are selectively pruned later on in life.
1000 trillion
It’s important to get the foundations right the first time as brain pathways stabilize making them much harder to change.
develop new movement skills and imagination.
learn about their body.
help build self-confidence and cope with stressful situations.
enjoy being active.
improve their communication skills, including how to solve problems and make decisions.
learn how to interact, share, take turns and care about others.
Balancing
Running
Jumping
Throwing and catching
Striking
“Neurons that fire together wire together”
said Canadian psychologist Donald Hebb

The more often neural pathways fire, the stronger the connections will become.
Help develop:
Help develop:
Help develop:
Full transcript