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Transcript of Steve Jobs
Born on February 24, 1955 in San Francisco, California
Died on October 5, 2011
Adopted at birth by Paul Reinhold Jobs and Clara Jobs because of money problems by his birth parents
Steve Jobs had 4 kids: Lisa, Reed, Erin and Eve.
Jobs graduated from high school in 1972.
Attended Reed College in Portland but didn’t graduate, because he dropped after first semester.
He continued taking some classes like the calligraphy one which inspire him to create multiple typefaces and proportionally spaced fonts for the Mac. That had an important impact because Windows just copied the Mac so probably no computer would have many typefaces.
Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne and Steve Jobs worked in the garage of Jobs’s parents. They incorporated Apple Computer in 1976. Wayne sold his share of the company some months after the conception.
In 1985 , Jobs sold his shares and resigned from Apple and founded NeXT Inc. the same year. In 1988, the NeXT computer was an other revolution but it was too expensive.
He decided to spend more time on his other company : Pixar Animations Studios and created "Toy Story" the first ever computer animated film.
Apple reengaged Jobs as an advisor to Apple chairman. Jobs helped Apple to create innovations like the iPod in 2001, the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010.
In January 2011, Jobs withdrew from the business because he had health problems but he had still involved in the decisions.
Steve Jobs received many awards during his life each more remarkable the one than the others.
Some recent awards:
In 2007, Fortune magazine named him ‘The most powerful person in business.’
Two years later, the same magazine named him ‘The chief executive officer of the decade.’
Steve Jobs was the seventeenth world’s most powerful people according to Forbes, a business magazine.
Honors and public recognition
Steve Jobs was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2003. He had a surgery in 2004 after trying acupuncture, vegan diet and others methods. It was successful.
In January 2009, Jobs announced that he was taking a six-month break because he had health problems. Some months later, he had an operation: a liver transplant.
On August 24, 2011, he resigned from his role as Apple CEO because he wasn’t able to meet his duties and expectations.
Jobs died at his home on October 5, 2011, due to complications from a relapse of his pancreatic cancer, resulting in respiratory arrest.
On October 7, a private funeral was held for Steve Jobs’s family.
October 16, 2011 was declared "Steve Jobs Day". A memorial was held at Stanford University. Jobs’s family and friends were present. There was also celebrities and members of Apple or from other technology companies.
Academy of achievement
The Academy of Achievement is a non-profit organization that honors high achievers. It encourages and inspires young entrepreneurs to stand out in their careers.
The "Golden Plate" is the Academy of Achievement's official award.
In 1982, Steve Jobs received the award and made a speech "Academy of Achievement" to the students. He talked about creativity and innovation. He explained the importance of making connections between different experiences.
Walter Isaacson wrote a biography of Steve Jobs that has been released on October 24, 2011, after Jobs’s death.
In 2013, Jobs, a biographical movie, has been product by Mark Hulme and directed by Joshua Michael Stern. Ashton Kutcher acted Steve Jobs .
The world in 1982
The United States in 1982
The technology in 1982
The Time Magazine named 'The computer' as the Man of the Year. In 1982, approximately 2.5 millions computers had been sold.
The Commodore 64 was put up for sale. More than 17 millions computers had been sold, it's still a record.
Apple Computer had more than $1 billion mark for annual sales. It is the first computer company to hit the $1 billion.
The first luggable computer was created, the Compaq Computer, by Compaq Computer Corporation. The price was $2995.
Barney Clark became the first person to live with an implant of a permanent artificial heart .He has been operate in University of Utah.
The Canada obtained its full political independence from the United Kingdom.
The 1982 Lebanon War began on June 6, 1982, as what was supposed to be a short-term military operation (Peace for Galilee). The war last until 1985.
James L. Dozier, American Brigadier General, was rescued by Italian forces. He had been in captivity for more than 40 days under the Red Brigades.
On July 12, France removed homosexuality from its official list of mental illnesses.
Since 1980, the United States were in recession. On September 3, O'Neill and Reagan, the president, establish new taxes (Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act) which were supposed to stop the economic crisis. Instead, it put the United States into a deep recession: in November 1982, there were nine million unemployed persons and 17 000 businesses failed.
On June 12, around 750 000 persons manifested in Central Park for the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The technology in 1982
Scott Fahlman used many characters to create a smiley face. Slowly, it became emoticons.
The first compact disc (CD) is created by Sony in collaboration with Philips in Germany. On October 1, Sony put on the market an Audio CD players, the CDP-101. The price was approximately $730.
The first computer virus has been created, The Elk Cloner, that affected the Apple II computer. The creator is Rick Skrenta, an American high school student.