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The World Shrinks: 1450-1750
Transcript of The World Shrinks: 1450-1750
1450-1750 Main Themes of the Era:
-Globalizing networks of communication and exchange
-New forms of social organization and modes of production
-State consolidation and imperial expansion 1453: France beat England ending the 100 years war
1453: Moscow region free of Mongol control
1455: First printing press in Mainz, Germany because of Johannes Gutenberg, who also printed the first book in this year, The Bible.
1469: Machiavelli, author of 'The Prince', was born
1475: Michelangelo, a famous sculptor, was born
1479:Venice signed a peace treaty with the Ottoman sultan, Mehmed the Conqueror (1432-1481), ending 16 years of war
1480: The Spanish Inquisition was introduced by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand
1480: Leonardo da Vinci begins his career
1490's: France and Spain invade Italian city-states which begins Italy's decline.
1490: Columbus was permitted to make his proposition to Ferdinand and Isabella Moving on... 1453-1490 1492: Leonardo da Vinci drew his flying machine
1492; Columbus sails to the Americas (aka: India, he never admitted that it was a different place...)
1497: Vasco de Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope
1500-1600: Commercial Revolution
1510: Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa
1513: Machiavelli writes 'The Prince'
1514: Copernicus develops the heliocentric model
1517: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the doors of Wittenburg Church. This act started the Protestant Reformation
1519-1522: Magellan circumnavigates the world
1534: The beginning of the Church of England, started by Henry IV
1541-1564:Calvin in Geneva
1543: Copernicus' work on astronomy (Copernican Revolution)
1550-1649: Religious wars in France, Germany, and Britain Maybe we'll enter the 1500's... 1492-1550! The world Shrinks: 1450 to 1750 1441: Beginning of European slave trade with Africa
1448: The Portuguese establish the first European trading post in Africa called El Mina.
1300-1450: The Italian Renaissance
1450-1600: The Northern Renaissance
1450: Leonardo da Vinci was born
1453: Constantinople fell to Muhammad II, this ended the Byzantine Empire.
1453: The Hagia Sophia was turned into a mosque along with the renaming of the of city of Constantinople to Istanbul. This all occurred when the empire fell from Christian rule into the Ottoman Turks 1552-1641 1618-1648: The Thirty Years War 1571: Ottoman naval defeat at Lepanto 1598: Edict of Nantes 1594: Henry IV crowned King of France 1588: Defeat of Spanish Armada by England 1564-1642: Galileo 1555-1603: Elizabeth I of England 1552: Las Casas defends the Indians 1600's: The Scientific Revolution 1603: Elizabeth I is succeeded by James I 1609: Independence of Netherlands 1641: Dutch begin conquests on Java in Indonesia 1642-1649: English Civil War
1643-1715: Louis XIV in France; absolute monarchy officially established
1644: Qing Dynasty, China
1647-1648:Culmination of popular rebellion
1649: Execution of Charles I of England
1650: Charles II named King of England
1653: Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland
1654: Louis XIV crowned at Rheims
1659: Lord Protector Cromwell disbands English parliament
1660: Cromwell dies and the parliament of England declares Prince Charles Stuart King Charles II (Stuart Restoration) 1642-1660: Slowing down a bit... 1669: The Hanseatic League , formed 400 years ago, holds it final meeting
1670-1692: Decline in witchcraft trials
1679: Habeas Corpus Act of 1679 is passed in England
1682-1699: Turks driven from Hungary
1682-1690: Glorious Revolution in Britain which results in parliamentary monarchy, and some religious toleration. This period id also accompanied by the writings of John Locke
1685: Edict of Fontainebleau, which revokes the Edict of Nantes and declares Protestantism illegal in France
1688: William and Mary are the new monarchs of England
1689-1725: Peter the Great of Russia
1689: English Bill of Rights is passed
1700's: The Enlightenment
1701-1714: The Wars of Spanish Succession
1712-1786:Frederick the Great of Prussia, introduced enlightened despotism
1730-1850: European Population boom (Population Revolution)
1733: James Kay invents the flying shuttle loom
1734: The Wars of Polish Succession 1669-1734 1713: New Bourbon dynasty, Spain
1722: Fall of Safavid Empire
1736: Beginnings of Methodism
1750: The Industrial Revolution begins in England
1756-1763: The Seven Years War (France, Britain, Prussia, and Austria) 1736-1756
Coming to an End The End.......... 1637: Russia pioneers to Pacific 1603: Tokugawa Shogunate 1607: First British colonies in North America 1608: First French colonies in North America 1640's: Japanese isolation 1590:Hideyashi unifies japan 1591: Fall of Songhay The Mona Lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci Martin Luther's 95 theses that started the Protestant church The Palace of Versailles in France. Opened in 1632, it was a strong symbol of absolute monarchy. John Green on The Seven Years' War The Flying Shuttle Loom: a key development in the industrialization of weaving, allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and it could be mechanized, allowing for automatic machine looms The Spanish Inquisition was designed to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in times where new religions and beliefs were forming. Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1450 and because of his backgrounds in painting, sculpting, music, math, engineering, inventing, geology, botany, and writing, he was later known as a true Renaissance man. The Edict of Nantes was a document that granted religious tolerance to Protestants in France, it was only granted in 1598 after a lengthy civil war between the Catholics and the Protestants. Later on it was abolished with the Edict of Fontainebleau created by Louis XIV in 1685 Works Cited World Civilizations: The Global Experience, by Peter N. Stearns, Michael Adas, Stuart B. Schwartz, and Marc J. Gilbert. Published 2003, Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc.
John Green, Crash Course: The Seven Years' War, made by John Green et al.
Pictures from AP Images.