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Affects of the Media on Body Image
Transcript of Affects of the Media on Body Image
"An analysis of the covers demonstrates that only a few models, whose photographed bodies have been trimmed and touched up meet these ideals. Mainstream newspaper articles that interviewed athletes, fitness experts, or trainers highlight that the athletes themselves are surprised at how their photographs have been altered in fitness imagery, underscoring that even professional athletes rarely measure up.” (Dworkin and Wachs 76) Strengths of the "Yes" Is being fat-free possible?
"Despite evidence that suggests a totally fat-free form can be unrealistic and unhealthy, this form is idealized and venerated.” (Dworkin and Wachs 76)
Being fat-free is reinforced in most magazines
“Idealized bodies with no body fat are featured on the covers and throughout magazines.” (Dworkin and Wachs 76) Media's Impact on Male Body Image Not just women have weight standards to meet
Weight loss companies use male athletes to promote their product to a male audience
“The diet industry is attempting to further masculinize weight loss; even the weight-loss giant Nutrisystem recently hired its first male spokesperson, former quarterback Dan Marino.” (Dworkin and Wachs 77) Strengths of the "Yes" Weaknesses of the "Yes" Only examines health and fitness articles
One type of medium is explored
There isn't any history of media's role in negative body image
Doesn't include health risks associated with being unhealthy
The demographics of the target audience aren't specified
References a study from 1994, and media has transformed
Doesn't explore advertising agency's tactics
Outside factors Questions for Weaknesses of the "Yes" Do you think advertising companies feature fit people on magazine covers because that is what the public wants to see or is or is it for their own benefit?
Should there be regulations or laws for limiting the use of Photoshop and altering a person's physical appearance in the media?
Do you think people have always been obsessed with body image or do you think it has become more widespread overtime? “Everybody Knows that Mass Media Are/Are not [pick one] a Cause of Eating Disorders”: A critical Review of Evidence for a Causal Link Between Media, Negative Body Image, and Disordered Eating in Females Weaknesses of the “No” The author never takes a full stance in article
Contradictory evidence is used/ stated throughout article
There is no conclusive ending to article
Written in scientific format, might be difficult for the average reader to process/ understand
Focus mainly on women (could have included information on men) Jean Kilbourne High school programs
Slim Hopes (Jean Kilbourne)
Discussion Strengths of the "No" Media Literacy
Acknowledgment that more research is needed
Fairly recent article – 2009
Several controlled experiments
Jean Kilbourne "No"
Michael Levine and Sarah K. Murnen
Investigate magazine ads
Media may play a limited role in contributing to one's negative body image?
Cultural, social, and psychological issues play a much larger role? Questions for Strengths of the "Yes" In your opinion, what were some of the strengths in the article?
What is considered the “ideal body type” in today’s society and why do you think this body type is desired by so many?
Why do you think people feel the need to make themselves have this certain body type even if it means starving themselves? Outside Sources Media as a principal social agent
Social Comparison Theory
Idealized body images
Gender Facts Models wear a size 00 in a country where 32% of school children are classified as overweight or obese.
Models weigh 23% less than the average woman.
81% of 10 year olds “are afraid of being fat” Studies Utter Study
Alexander & Chambers Experiment
Content Analysis Reality Television and Body Image More damage than regular cable television Works Cited Egbert, Nichole, and James D. Belcher. "Reality Bites: An Investigation of the Genre of Reality Television and Its Relationship to Viewers’ Body Image." Mass Communication and Society 15.3 (2012): 407-31. ComAbstracts. Web. 21 Sept. 2012.
Knobloch-Westerwick, Silvia, and Josselyn Crane. "A Losing Battle : Effects of Prolonged Exposure to Thin-Ideal Images on Dieting and Body Satisfaction." Sage Journals (2011): 79-102. ComAbstracts. Web. 22 Sept. 2012.
Lopez-Guimera, Gemma, Michael P. Levine, David Sanchez-Carracedo, and Jordi Fauquet. "Influence of Mass Media on Body Image and Eating Disordered Attitudes and Behaviors in Females: A Review of Effects and Processes." Media Psychology (n.d.): 387-416. Ebscohost. Web. 21 Sept. 2012. Works Cited Pitura, Alyssa. "Idealism: Factors Affecting the Body Image of College Students." Journal of the Communication, Speech & Theatre Association of North Dakota (2010): 62-68. Ebscohost. Web. 22 Sept. 2012.
Reaves, Shiela. "Quinnipiac University Libraries: Journal Locator." Rethinking Visual Ethics: Evolution, Social Comparison and the Media’s Mono-Body in the Global Rise of Eating Disorders (2011): 114-34. Questions for Outside Sources How does the media affect a person's body image?
Do you think the media has gotten away from this idealized body type or no? Note examples of shows or celebrities.
Do you think there is more pressure for woman or me to be the idealized body type and why? Questions for the "No" Do you think a video / intervention like this one would help young teens with body image?
What do you think has more effect on body image - media or outside forces like peers, family, coaches, teachers, etc
Do you think this article makes a valid / strong enough argument that media is not the cause of poor body image? Why or why not?
Do you think media influence is worse if it starts from a young age? What Kinds of Subjects and Objects? Gender, Consumer, Culture and Covergence "Yes"
By Shari L. Dworkin and Faye Linda Wachs
Conducts a content analysis of health magazine ads
Fat is something to fear
Men and women are told a healthy body is possible by buying products
Questions for the Weaknesses of "Yes"