Transcript of khviii
By: Emily Brandvold and Brad Riddock King Henry VII Henry Tudor was born on June 28th, 1491 at Greenwich Palace. He was the second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. During childhood, two of his brothers, as well as two of his sisters died. Henry, Mary and Margaret Tudor were the only surviving children. Henry VIII was the first English monarch to be educated under renaissance influence. As a young man, Henry was an accomplished scholar, linguist, musician and athlete. In 1502, his brother, Arthur-the heir to the throne- passed away from the Sweating Sickness. This left Henry as the next in line for the throne. Early Life After his father, Henry VII, died on April 22nd, 1509, Prince Henry VIII became King Henry VIII. Much of the world was cheerful for his rule, due to his numerous accomplishments in his early life. Succession to the Throne Catherine of Aragon King Henry VII and Elizabeth of York were the rulers of Great Britain. King Henry VII was the first king of the Tudor era. In 1509, King Henry VII married his brother's widow, Catherine of Aragon, without the blessings of the pope and archbishop. Catherine was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabel of Spain. She was crowned Queen of England in a joint coronation ceremony with Henry. In 1510, Catherine gave birth to a still born daughter. She then had a son, but he died in infancy. Later she had several miscarriages, but finally had a healthy daughter named Mary. Because Catherine couldn't rear a male to continue the heir, Henry went about business with two mistresses, Bessie Blount and Mary Boleyn. In 1533, the marriage between Catherine and Henry was annulled. Anne Boleyn was the sister of one of King Henry VIII's mistresses, Mary Boleyn, during his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Anne was not fit the mold for a King's lover. She was rumored to have an extra finger, a long neck with a large mole, and black eyes. While still married to Catherine, King Henry VIII impregnated Anne Boleyn. In 1533, the same year as his annulment, Henry and Anne wed in secrecy. In August of that year, Anne Boleyn gave birth to Princess Elizabeth. Henry still demanded a son, but after two miscarriages, Anne realized her body couldn't carry another child. Because of this, in 1533, Henry called for the arrest of Anne, and she was later beheaded on the Tower Green Anne Boleyn After Anne Boleyn's execution, King Henry VIII found a new object of affection, Jane Seymour. They married almost immediately after Anne's death, and Henry considered Jane his "first true wife". In 1537, Jane Seymour became pregnant, and later gave birth to a much anticipated son, Edward. Jane had given birth to Edward via cesarean section, therefore she grew weak and ill. Jane Seymour passed away two weeks after her son was born, an buried at Windsor Castle. She is the only one of Henry's wives that is buried with King Henry VIII. Jane Seymour After Jane Seymour's death, King Henry VIII stayed single for more than two years. He then set his court out to find a foreign bride, to gain respect and political control in other countries. Henry's court painter, Hans Holbein, found the Duke of Cleves, who had two sisters, Anne and Amelia. King Henry VIII wanted an alliance with Cleves, therefore he agreed to marry Anne, after seeing a painting Holbein painted. They married in 1540. Soon after their wedding, King Henry VIII was searching for ways to end the marriage, because he was attracted to her, and her home of Cleves had entered a war that Henry did not want to get involved in. Their marriage ended in divorce in 1540, the same year it began. They did not have any children together. Anne of Cleves A short sixteen days after his marriage to Anne of Cleves ended, Henry, at the age of forty-nine, married Kathryn Howard. Kathryn was the second-cousin of Anne Boleyn, one of Henry's previous wives. In 1541, Archbishop Cranmer told King Henry VIII that Kathryn had performed many acts of infidelity with young men closer to her own age. Because of this, Henry ordered her to be persecuted in 1542. She didn't rear any children. Kathryn Howard In 1543, King Henry VIII married his final wife, Katherine Parr, who was named after his first wife. As queen, Katherine was veyr involved in religious reform. She was also close with her step children's education. In 1545, she published a book titled "Prayers or Meditations". In early 1547, she became a widow for the third time when King Henry VIII died. After his death, she married Thomas Seymour, Jane Seymour's brother, and had one child with Thomas. Katherine Parr largest military invasion of France under his rule since King Henry VFull transcript
"Father of English Navy"
changed English religion to the Protestant religion
1534- established Church of England
continued Tudor rule with King Edward VI, Queen Elizabeth I and "Bloody" Mary
Accomplishments King Henry VIII died at the age of fifty-six. The cause of death is unknown, however it is probable that he died from symptoms of diabetes and syphilis. This is because he had put on about 150 pounds during adulthood, as well as he had many mistresses. Although he is remembered as a terrible man who did terrible things to his six wives, he also sccomplishe many things. They include: Works Cited
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